ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Acne treatment guidelines suggest a combination approach with topical therapy including a topical retinoid, benzoyl peroxide and an oral antibiotic, or oral isotretinoin (OI), as first-line treatment options for severe acne vulgaris (AV). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a daily regimen of 0.3% adapalene and 2.5% benzoyl peroxide (0.3% A/BPO) gel and oral doxycycline 100 mg twice daily in severe (nonnodulocystic, non-conglobate) inflammatory AV.
METHODS: This was a phase 4, 12-week, single-arm, openlabel, multi-center investigational study. Subjects (males and females, 12 or older, with severe inflammatory AV, Investigator Global Assessment [IGA] 4, and less than equal to 4 nodulocystic lesions, n=186) were considered OI candidates at baseline by the investigator. OI candidacy was re-evaluated at each study visit. Efficacy endpoints included inflammatory lesion (IL) reduction (week 12), IGA success (defined as IGA 0 [Clear] or 1 [Almost Clear], weeks 4, 8, and 12), percent reduction in lesions (weeks 4, 8, and 12), and subject questionnaires (week 12). Safety assessments included adverse events (AEs) and tolerability.
RESULTS: Mean IL counts were significantly reduced from baseline to the end of the study (mean [SD]; baseline, 44.8 (21.73); week 12, 14.8 (16.11); mean percent reduction, 66.2% [30.47]; P less than .0001). By week 12, 37.1% of subjects achieved IGA Success (n=69, P less than .0001). Most subjects self-reported at least moderate improvement in AV (90.2%), and were “Satisfied” or “Very Satisfied” with the study treatment overall (83.2%). 41.9% of the subjects were no longer considered by their investigator to be OI candidates at week 4. At 12 weeks, only 19.9% were still considered OI candidates.
CONCLUSION: 0.3% A/BPO + DOX is an effective and safe treatment option for severe inflammatory AV, before starting OI treatment, or as an alternative when OI cannot be used.
ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02899000
J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(3):264-273. more