Outcome Disparities Among Men and Women With COVID-19: An Analysis of the New York City Population Cohort

October 2020 | Volume 19 | Issue 10 | Original Article | 960 | Copyright © October 2020

Published online October 2, 2020

Nahid Punjani MD MPHa, b, Albert Ha MDc, Joseph Caputo MDc, Vinson Wang MDc, Lisa Wiechmann MDd, Mary Ann Chiasson DrPHb,e, Philip Li MDa, James Hotaling MD MSf, Thomas Walsh MD MSg, Joseph Alukal MDc

aDepartment of Urology, Center for Male Reproductive Medicine and Microsurgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY bDepartment of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY cDepartment of Urology, New York-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY dDepartment of General Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY eDivision of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY fDepartment of Urology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT gDepartment of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

in-depth modelling with narrower age categories. Sex was selfreported and no effort was made to query patients regarding transsexualism. Given rates of transsexualism nationwide ranging from 0.39–0.56%, discordance between reported sex and biologic sex is unlikely to impact our results.32


In the NYC population, men have higher rates of COVID-19 and higher rates of hospitalization and death due to COVID-19. Numerous theories have been postulated to explain these underlying differences, and while studies considering the role of androgens and other sex hormones offer the most robust evidence to date, this relationship is complex and warrants further study.


Authors have no relevant conflicts to report.

Funding: NP is supported by the Frederick J. and Theresa Dow Wallace Fund of the New York Community Trust and Urology Care Foundation Research Scholars Award.


We are indebted to the Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch and Bureau of Vital Statistics at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygeine, most notably Sara Archie and Molly Kratz.


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Joseph P. Alukal MD jpa2148@cumc.columbia.edu