A Substitute for Skin Grafts, Flaps, or Internal Tissue Expanders in Scalp Defects Following Tumor Ablative Surgery
January 2014 | Volume 13 | Issue 1 | Original Article | 48 | Copyright © January 2014
Moris Topaz MD,a,b Narin-Nard Carmel BSc,c Guy Topaz BSc,c Isaac Zilinsky MDd
aPlastic Surgery Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel
bDepartment of Chemistry, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
cMedical Student, Sackler Medical School, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
dMohs Micrographic Unit, The Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Sheba Medical Center at Tel Hashomer, Israel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of the TopClosure® system in primary closure of moderate and large scalp defects, as a substitute for skin grafts, flaps, and tissue expanders.
METHODS: We report a retrospective series of 8 patients requiring resection of 9 scalp tumors resulting with moderate to large size defects that otherwise would have required reconstruction with skin grafts, flaps, or tissue expanders. TopClosure® was applied for intraoperative cycles of stress-relaxation, followed, when indicated, by additional steps of mechanical creep and scar secure.
RESULTS: Skin defects, averaging 3.5 cm, were managed by TopClosure®, enabling, primary closure in all wounds. Immediate wound edge approximation was reached through stress-relaxation in 2 wounds by heavy tension sutures within one hour. Further skin stretching by mechanical creep was required in 7 wounds, achieving staged primary closure in an outpatient setting. TopClosure® was further applied to secure the skin for up to 3 weeks following surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The TopClosure system, effectively, aided closure of moderate and large scalp defects by stress-relaxation and mechanical creep and serving as a topical tension-relief platform for tension sutures, allowing mobilization of skin and subcutaneous tissue without undermining or need of drainage, for early, direct wound closure. Local complications were minimal and donor site morbidity was eliminated. Surgical time, hospital stay and costs were reduced, and post-operative wound aesthetics were improved.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(1):48-55.