Efficacy and Safety of Ivermectin 1% Cream in Treatment of Papulopustular Rosacea: Results of Two Randomized, Double-Blind, Vehicle-Controlled Pivotal Studies
March 2014 | Volume 13 | Issue 3 | Original Article | 316 | Copyright © 2014
Linda Stein Gold MD,a Leon Kircik MD,b Joseph Fowler MD,c Jerry Tan MD,d Zoe Draelos MD,e Alan
Fleischer MD,f Melanie Appell MD,g Martin Steinhoff MD,h Charles Lynde MD,i
Hong Liu MSc,j and Jean Jacovella MDk
on behalf of the Ivermectin Phase III Study Group
aHenry Ford Medical Center, Department of Dermatology, Detroit, MI
bDerm Research, PLLC, Louisville, KY
cDermatology Specialists Research, Louisville, KY
dWindsor Clinical Research, Inc., Windsor, ON, Canada
eDepartment of Dermatology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC
fDepartment of Dermatology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston, Salem, NC
gTotal Skin and Beauty Dermatology Center, PC, Birmingham, AL
hUniversity of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
iLynderm Research, Inc., Markham, ON, Canada
jGalderma R&D, Cranbury, NJ
kGalderma R&D, Sophia Antipolis, France
BACKGROUND: Treatments for papulopustular rosacea (PPR) are limited.
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy and safety of once-daily ivermectin 1% cream in subjects with moderate to severe PPR.
METHODS: Two identically designed, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies of ivermectin 1% cream (IVM 1%) or vehicle once daily for 12 weeks were conducted in subjects with moderate to severe PPR. Efficacy assessments were Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) of disease severity and inflammatory lesion counts. Safety assessments included incidence of adverse events (AEs) and local tolerance parameters. Subjects evaluated their rosacea and completed satisfaction and quality of life (QoL) questionnaires.
RESULTS: In both studies, a greater proportion of subjects in the IVM 1% group achieved treatment success (IGA “clear” or “almost clear”): 38.4% and 40.1% vs 11.6% and 18.8% for vehicle (both P<.001), respectively. Ivermectin was superior to vehicle in terms of reduction from baseline in inflammatory lesion counts (76.0% and 75.0% vs 50.0% for both vehicle groups, respectively). For all endpoints, starting at week 4 and continuing through week 12, IVM 1% was statistically significantly superior (P<.001). Fewer subjects treated by IVM 1% reported dermatologic AEs, and a higher proportion of subjects were observed to have no skin dryness or itching compared to vehicle. Significantly more subjects receiving IVM 1% reported having an “excellent” or “good” improvement, along with an improved QoL.
CONCLUSION: Ivermectin 1% cream was effective and safe in treating inflammatory lesions of papulopustular rosacea.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(3):316-323.
Purchase Original Article
Purchase a single fully formatted PDF of the original manuscript as it was published in the JDD.
Download the original manuscript as it was published in the JDD.
Contact a member of the JDD Sales Team to request a quote or purchase bulk reprints, e-prints or international translation requests.
To get access to JDD's full-text articles and archives, upgrade here.
Save an unformatted copy of this article for on-screen viewing.
Print the full-text of article as it appears on the JDD site.→ proceed | ↑ close
Papulopustular rosacea (PPR) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by facial papules, pustules, and persistent erythema.1 It is highly prevalent and associated with adverse impact on quality of life and depression.2 The etiology of rosacea is multifactorial. In addition to neurovascular dysregulation, the facial skin of patients with rosacea is affected by augmented proinflammatory immune responses.3 The principal active cathelicidin peptide (LL-37) is highly concentrated in skin affected by rosacea and can contribute to acute inflammation.4 Moreover, PPR is characterized by the presence of inflammatory infiltrates that accompany flares, along with a heightened immune response involving neutrophilic infiltration and increased gene expression of IL-8.5 In addition to exogenous factors (including UV light, heat, and alcohol), it may be triggered by Demodex folliculorum mites.3 Some studies of PPR observed higher mite densities compared to controls.6-7 Therefore, a multitude of factors can activate neurovascular and/or immune responses, and consequential inflammation leading to flares of rosacea.3
Only a few therapeutic alternatives currently exist in the treatment of PPR. In the United States, only three FDA-approved