Rheological Evaluation of the Physical Properties of Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Fillers
September 2011 | Volume 10 | Issue 9 | Original Article | 974 | Copyright © September 2011
David Stocks BSc (Hons),a Hema Sundaram MD,b Jason Michaels MD,c Manzer J. Durrani PhD,d Mitchell S. Wortzman PhD, d Diane B. Nelson BSN MPHd
aIntertek MSG, Redcar, United Kingdom bSundaram Dermatology, Cosmetic & Laser Surgery Center, Rockville, MD and Fairfax, VA cAspire Cosmetic MedCenter, Las Vegas, NV dMedicis Aesthetics Incorporated, Scottsdale, AZ
Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA) gels are commonly injected into the skin to lift rhytides and to improve facial appearance. The different processes used in their manufacture and formulation yield products with unique physical characteristics that play an important role in predicting their clinical performance.
Objective: The following rheologic evaluation was performed to objectively measure the physical characteristics of HA dermal filler products derived from similar bacterial sources and containing the same butanediol diglycidyl ether cross-linker, but formulated using different manufacturing techniques. The objective of this study was to evaluate the physical characteristics of two distinct families of HA products, thereby providing clinicians with a greater understanding of these products' attributes and the ability to optimize their use in the treatment of patients seeking facial rejuvenation.
Materials and Methods: The physical properties of commercially-available dermal fillers containing HA were evaluated using rheologic testing methods under clinically-relevant conditions. Additionally, light microscopy was used to assess the particulate nature of each product.
Results: The gels tested demonstrated a broad range of elasticity, firmness and viscosity. Light microscopy confirmed the particulate nature of each product and revealed HA particles of varying size and distribution.
Conclusion: This rheologic evaluation demonstrates that differences exist among the HA products tested including gel elasticity, viscosity, and the range and distribution of gel particle sizes. Understanding the distinct physical characteristics of different HA dermal fillers and how these characteristics may predict their clinical behavior can assist clinicians in achieving the desired results in patients seeking facial rejuvenation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):974-980.