Evaluation of Clinical Improvement in Acne Scars and Active Acne in Patients Treated With the 1540-nm Non-Ablative Fractional Laser
August 2011 | Volume 10 | Issue 8 | Original Article | 907 | Copyright © August 2011
María José Isarría MD, Paloma Cornejo MD, Estefanía Muñoz BSc, Josefina Royo de la Torre MD, Javier Moreno Moraga MD
Instituto Médico Láser, Servicio de Dermatología, Madrid (Spain)
Introduction. Acne is a characteristic condition of puberty; however, adults who continue to have acne outbreaks frequently attend dermatology clinics. Two conditions—active acne and residual scarring—often co-occur in these patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the improvement in scarring and active acne after treatment with a 1540-nm erbium: glass fractional laser.
Material and Methods. The authors treated 20 patients with acne and scarring. Each patient received panfacial treatment in four sessions with a 1-month interval between sessions. Patients, the treating physician and a blinded observer evaluated the results in four areas: improvement in scars, improvement in pores, improvement in acne, and improvement in sebum secretion. Improvements were graded using the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale. The evaluation was made 12 weeks after treatment finished.
Results. Patients presented an improvement in both acne and scars. In 80 percent of cases, patients felt that the appearance of the scars had improved, and the improvement was classified as very much improved in 40 percent. In 85 percent of cases, patients felt that active acne had improved, and the improvement was classified as very much improved in 45 percent. Pore size was evaluated as improved by 75 percent of patients. Sebum secretion improved in 80 percent of cases.
Conclusion. A 1540-nm non-ablative fractional laser provides effective treatment of acne scars. Patient satisfaction is high and active acne lesions improve significantly. Treatment of this mixed condition (scarring and active acne) with a single device is reliable, with a favorable safety profile and a high degree of patient acceptance.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(8):916-921.