IncobotulinumtoxinA: A Highly Purified and Precisely Manufactured Botulinum Neurotoxin Type A

January 2019 | Volume 18 | Issue 1 | Original Article | 52 | Copyright © January 2019

Martina Kerscher MD PhD,a Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha MD MA MSc,b Ada Trindade de Almeida MD,c Corey Maas MD FACS,d and Jürgen Frevert PhDe

aDepartment of Cosmetic Science, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany bDepartment of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand cClinica de Dermatologia, Hospital do Servidor Municipal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil dOtolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA eFormerly of Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

search support from Merz Pharmaceuticals, and is a speaker for Allergan, Merz Pharmaceuticals, andTheraskin. C. Maas is an investigator for Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH and Allergan, and has acted an advisor to Merz. J. Frevert is a former employee of, and current consultant for, Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH.


This review was supported by Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Medical writing support, under the direction of the authors, was provided for early drafts by Claire Cairney PhD of CMC CONNECT, a division of Complete Medical Communications Ltd, Glasgow, UK, funded by Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, in accordance with Good Publication Practice (GPP3) guidelines.


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Ju?rgen Frevert PhD