Treatment of Facial Actinic Keratoses With Aminolevulinic Acid Photodynamic Therapy (ALA-PDT) or Ingenol Mebutate 0.015% Gel With and Without Prior Treatment With ALA-PDT
November 2014 | Volume 13 | Issue 11 | Original Article | 1353 | Copyright © November 2014
Brian Berman MD PhD, Mark S. Nestor MD PhD, Jessica Newburger DO,
Huynhee Park DO, and Nicole Swenson DO
The Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research, Skin and Cancer Associates, Aventura, FL
METHODS: Twenty-four healthy adult male and female subjects who had 4 to 8 clinically visible and discrete actinic keratoses on the face in a contiguous 25cm2 treatment area. Subjects were randomized into one of three treatment groups: 2 treatments with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), 1 ALA-PDT treatment and 1 course of ingenol mebutate (ingenol mebutate) 0.015% gel daily for 3 consecutive days, or 1 course of ingenol mebutate gel alone. Actinic keratoses in the treatment field were counted at the baseline visit, and at the completion of the study (day 57 or day 71). At the site of application, local site reactions were graded at each visit.
RESULTS: Subjects in the two ALA-PDT treatment group had a 97.5% mean reduction (P<0.00001) from the number of baseline actinic keratosis; ALA-PDT plus ingenol mebutate gel group had an 86.7% mean reduction (P<0.00001); while subjects in the ingenol mebutate gel alone group had a 91.7% mean reduction from the number of baseline actinic keratoses. The peak composite LSR score was 4.625 for the ALA-PDT group, 10.375 for the ALA-PDT followed by ingenol mebutate gel group, and 12.625 for the ingenol mebutate gel alone group (P=0.0004 and 0.001, respectively).
CONCLUSION: ALA-PDT, ingenol mebutate gel, and a combination of the two treatment modalities are successful topical therapies for the reduction of actinic keratoses on the face. The group of subjects receiving 2 consecutive treatments with ALA-PDT, compared to treatment with ingenol mebutate gel alone or sequentially after one course of ALA-PDT had a significantly lower mean composite LSR score and a non-significant trend for greater efficacy.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(11):1353-1356.