Safety of Tumescent and Laser-Assisted Liposuction: Review of the Literature

December 2011 | Volume 10 | Issue 12 | Original Article | 1363 | Copyright © December 2011

Emily P. Tierney MD,a David J. Kouba MD PhD,b C. William Hanke MD MPHc

aTufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA bHenry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI cLaser and Skin Surgery Center of Indiana, Carmel, IN

  1. Ostad A, Kageyama N, Moy R. Tumescent anesthesia with a lidocaine dose of 55 mg/kg is safe for liposuction. Dermatol Surg. 1995; 22:921-927.
  2. Klein JA. Tumescent Technique: TLA and Microcannular Liposuction. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 2000.
  3. Coldiron B, Fisher AH, Adelman E, Yelverton CB, Balkrishnan R, et al. Adverse event reporting: lessons learned from 4 years of Florida office data. Dermatol Surg. 2005;31(9 Pt 1):1079-1092.
  4. Hanke CW. State-of-the-art liposculpture in the new millennium. J Cutan Med Surg. 1999;3(suppl 4):S36-42.
  5. Pasman WJ, Saris WH, Westerterp-Plantenga MS. Predictors of weight maintenance. Obes Res. 1999;7:43-50.
  6. Brownell KD, Rodin J. Medical, metabolic and psychological effects of weight cycling. Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:1325-1330.
  7. Ozgur F, Tuncali D, Guker Gursu K. Life satisfaction, self-esteem and body image: A psychosocial evaluation of aesthetic and reconstructive surgery candidates. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1998;22:412-419.
  8. Mann MW, Palm MD, Sengelmann RD. New advances in liposuction technology. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2008;27:72-82.
  9. Hanke CW. Liposuction under local anesthesia. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1989;15:12.
  10. Lillis PJ. Liposuction surgery under local anesthesia. Limited blood loss and minimal lidocaine absorption. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1988;14:1145-1148.
  11. Butterwick J. Liposuction consultation and preoperative considerations. In Narins RS ed. Safe Liposuction and Fat Transfer. New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 29-40.
  12. Jacob CI, Kaminer MS. Tumescent anesthesia. In: Narins RS, ed. Safe Liposuction and Fat Transfer. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003, 29-40.
  13. Hanke CW, Coleman WP. Morbidity and mortality related to liposuction: questions and answers. Dermatol Clin. 1999;17:899-902.
  14. Coleman WP 3rd, Hanke CW, Lillis P, Bernstein G, Narins R. Does the location of the surgery or the specialty of the physician affect malpractice claims in liposuction? Dermatol Surg. 1999;25, 343-347.
  15. Landry GL, Gomez JE. Management of soft tissue injuries. Adol Med. 1991;2:125-140.
  16. Klein JA. Miscellaneous complications. In: Klein JA, ed. Tumescent Technique, Tumescent Anesthesia and Microcannular Liposuction. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 2000.
  17. Narins RS, Coleman WP. Minimizing pain for liposuction anesthesia. Dermatol Surg 1997;23, 1137-1140.
  18. Klein JA. Thrombosis and embolism. In: Klein JA, ed. Tumescent Technique, Tumescent Anesthesia and Microcannular Liposuction. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 2000.
  19. Housman TS, Lawrence N, Mellen BG, George MN, Filippo JS, Cerveny KA, et al. The safety of liposuction, results of a national survey. Dermatol Surg. 2002;39:971-978.
  20. Craig SB, Concannon MJ, McDonald GA, Puckett CL. The antibacterial effects of tumescent liposuction fluid. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1999;103(2):666-670.
  21. Hanke CW, Coleman WP 3rd, Lillis PJ, Narins RS, Buening JA, et al. Infusion rates and levels of premedication in tumescent liposuction. Dermatol Surg. 1997;23(12):1131-1134.
  22. Hanke W, Cox SE, Kuznets N, Coleman WP 3rd. Tumescent liposuction report performance measurement initiative: National survey results. Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:967-977.
  23. Grazer FM, de Jong RH. Fatal outcomes from liposuction: census survey of cosmetic surgeons. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000;105(1):436-446.
  24. Lehnhardt M, Homann HH, Daigeler A, Hauser J, Palka P, Steinau HU. Major and lethal complications of liposuction: a review of 72 cases in Germany between 1998 and 2002. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;121(6):396e-403e.
  25. Beeson WH, Slama TG, Beeler RT, Rachel JD, Picerno NA. Group A streptococcal fasciitis after submental tumescent liposuction. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2001;3(4):277-279.
  26. Nagelvoort RW, Hulstaert PF, Kon M, Schuurman AH. Necrotising fasciitis and myositis as serious complications after liposuction. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2002;146(50):2430-2435.
  27. Gürel HG, Basciftci FA, Arslan U. Transient bacteremia after removal of a bonded maxillary expansion appliance. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;135(2):190-193.
  28. Tomás I, Pereira F, Llucián R, Poveda R, Diz P, Bagán JV. Prevalence of bacteraemia following third molar surgery. Oral Dis. 2008;14(1):89-94.
  29. Sheth D, Pillai A, Ferral H, Madassery S. Transient bacteremia after a percutaneous liver biopsy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2009;20(11):1429-1430.
  30. McAfee JH, Keeffe EB, Lee RG, Rösch J. Transjugular liver biopsy. Hepatology. 1992;15(4):726-732.
  31. Armstrong ML, DeBoer S, Cetta F. Infective endocarditis after body art: a review of the literature and concerns. J Adolesc Health. 2008;43(3):217-225. Epub 2008 May 12. Review.
  32. Cunha BA, D'Elia AA, Pawar N, Schoch P. Viridans streptococcal (Streptococcus intermedius) mitral valve subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) in a patient with mitral valve prolapse after a dental procedure: the importance of antibiotic prophylaxis. Heart Lung. 2010;39(1):64-72.
  33. Siegman-Igra Y. Infective endocarditis following gastrointestinal and genitourinary procedures: an argument in favour of prophylaxis. Scand J Infect Dis. 2010;42(3):208-214.
  34. Habib G. Infective endocarditis: What's new? European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines 2009 on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis. Presse Med. 2010 Apr 28. [Epub]
  35. Tsolka P, Katritsis D. Infective endocarditis prophylaxis for dental procedures in 2009: what has changed? Hellenic J Cardiol. 2009;50(6):493-497.
  36. Tierney E, Mahmoud B, Kouba DJ. Incidence of transient bacteremia during tumescent liposuction. Dermatol Surg, manuscript under review.
  37. Mordon SR, Wassmer B, Reynaud JP, Zemmouri J. Mathematical modeling of laser lipolysis. Biomed Eng Online. 2008;7:10.
  38. Goldman A. Submental Nd:YAG laser-assisted liposuction. Lasers Surg Med. 2006;38:181-184.
  39. Kim KH, Geronemus RG. Laser lipolysis using a novel 1,064 nm Nd:YAG Laser. Dermatol Surg. 2006;32:241-248.
  40. Ichikawa K, Miyasaka M, Tanaka R, Tanino R, Mizukami K, Wakaki M. Histologic evaluation of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser for laser lipolysis. Lasers Surg Med. 2005;36:43-46.