Pathogenesis of Acne Vulgaris: Recent Advances

July 2009 | Volume 8 | Issue 7 | Original Article | 615 | Copyright © July 2009

Sanjay Bhambri DO, James Q. Del RossoDO, Avani Bhambri MD

Abstract
Acne vulgaris is the most common disorder seen in ambulatory dermatology practice. Acne causes signifi cant morbidity and the direct costs associated with it exceed $2.2 billion per year in the United States (U.S.). The pathogenesis is multifactorial, and our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of acne lesions has improved with time. Follicular hyperkeratinization, sebum production, presence of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), infl ammatory mediators, and androgens have been identifi ed as key components of acne pathophysiology. Recent advances have been made in this area with the discovery of P. acnes interaction with Toll-like receptors (TLRs), vaccines targeting P. acnes or its components, antimicrobial peptides and the role of hormones.