Tazarotene versus Tazarotene plus Clindamycin/Benzoyl Peroxide in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel-Group Trial

March 2006 | Volume 5 | Issue 3 | Original Article | 256 | Copyright © March 2006

Emil Tanghetti MD, William Abramovits MD, Barry Solomon MD, Keith Loven MD, Alan Shalita MD

Abstract
Topical retinoids offer highly effective treatment for both inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne, with tazarotene demonstrating greater efficacy than other topical retinoids. A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial has been performed to evaluate whether the adjunctive use of clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide could enhance the efficacy of tazarotene still further. Patients with moderate to severe inflammatory acne applied tazarotene 0.1% cream each evening and were randomly assigned to morning applications of vehicle gel or a ready-to-dispense formulation of clindamycin 1%/benzoyl peroxide 5% gel containing 2 emollients. Tazarotene/clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide achieved a significantly greater reduction in comedo count than tazarotene monotherapy and, among patients with a baseline papule plus pustule count of ?25 (the median value), a significantly greater reduction in inflammatory lesion count. The combination therapy was also at least as well-tolerated as tazarotene monotherapy. The adjunctive use of clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel with tazarotene cream promotes greater efficacy and may also enhance tolerability. Any improvements in tolerability could be due to the emollients in the clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel formulation.