Search Results for "Metabolic and Vascular Disordersn"
Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhD, Frank Dann MD, Alan Menter MD| |
Lindsay K. McGuire MD,a Elizabeth K. Hale MD,a and Loyd S. Godwin MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(10):1181-1183.
Assessor-Blinded Study of the Metabolic Syndrome and Surrogate Markers of Increased Cardiovascular Risk in Children With Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis Compared With Age-Matched Population of Children With Warts
Eva M. Volf MD,a Danielle E. Levine MD,a Melissa A. Michelon MD,a Shiu-Chung Au MD,b Eshan Patvardhan MD,b Nicole Dumont,b Daniel S. Loo MD,b Jeffrey Kuvin MD,a,b Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhDa,b| |
Adult patients with psoriasis have an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors due to elevations of Tumor Necrosis Factor and other inflammatory cytokines.1,2 Recently, higher rates of hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus were seen in patients with juvenile psoriasis.3 Here, we report the interim results of an ongoing study of MetS and CVD risk factors in pediatric psoriasis patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(8):903-904.
Adam S. Aldahan BS,a Stephanie Mlacker BS,a Vidhi V. Shah BA,a Lucy L. Chen MD,a Keyvan Nouri MD,a and James M. Grichnik MD PhDa,b| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(6):713-714.
Tiffany Y. Loh BS and Philip R. Cohen MD| |
PURPOSE: A red dot BCC in an older woman is described. Clinical and histological differences between red dot BCCs and telangiectasias are described.
METHOD: A 72-year-old woman initially presented with a painless red macule on her nose. Biopsy of the lesion established the diagnosis of a red dot BCC. Pubmed was searched for the following terms: angioma, basal cell carcinoma, dermoscope, diascopy, red dot, non-melanoma skin cancer, telangiectasia, and vascular. The papers were reviewed for cases of red dot basal cell carcinoma. Clinical and histological characteristics of red dot basal cell carcinoma and telangiectasias were compared.
CONCLUSION: Red dot BCC is an extremely rare variant of BCC that may be confused with benign vascular lesions. Although BCCs rarely metastasize and are associated with low mortality, they have the potential to become locally invasive and destructive if left untreated. Thus, a high index of suspicion for red dot BCC is necessary.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(5):645-647.
Deepti Gupta MD, Diana Camarillo MD, and Joshua M. Schulman MD| |
Katelyn Mariko Updyke BS,a Amor Khachemoune MD FAAD FACMSbc| |
Port-wine stain (PWS) is the second most common congenital vascular malformation characterized as ectatic capillaries and venules in the dermis that clinically appears as a deep red to purple patch on the skin. Typically, PWS progressively darken and may become hypertrophic or nodular without treatment. There are several treatment options available for PWS from topical antiangiogenic agents to laser therapies. Vascular-specific lasers are the gold standard in treating PWS and classically pulsed dye lasers are usually the treatment of choice. However, some patients with PWS are recalcitrant to PDL and may require a combination of treatment methods. Nonetheless, even with the advancements in laser therapies utilized today, it is can be difficult to achieve complete clearance of the PWS. Thus, new innovations for treating recalcitrant PWS are underway in order to improve overall patient treatment outcomes.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(11):1145-1151.
Delayed Presentation of Impending Necrosis following Soft Tissue Augmentation with Hyaluronic Acid and Successful Management with Hyaluronidase
Ranella J. Hirsch MD FAAD, Mary Lupo MD FAAD, Joel L. Cohen MD FAAD, David Duffy MD FAAD| |
Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus in a Patient Undergoing Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injections: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Nathan Cleaver DO,a James Ramirez MD,b and Stuart Gildenberg MDa| |
CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 63 year-old Caucasian female who presented with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus six weeks after initiating two intravitreal injections of bevacizumab for central serous choroidopathy.
CONCLUSION: We report the first documented case of a cutaneous lupus erythematosus eruption following bevacizumab administration as a monotherapy.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(9):1052-1055.
Kavitha K. Reddy MDa, Jeremy A. Brauer MDa, Munir H. Idriss MDb, Robert Anolik MDa,Leonard Bernstein MDa, Lori Brightman MDa, Elizabeth Hale MDa, Julie Karen MDa,Elliot Weiss MDa, Dirk Elston MDb, and Roy G. Geronemus MDa| |
Study Design: A prospective, controlled study was performed in 5 adults with PWS using a frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser (Excel V; Cutera Inc, Brisbane, CA) in 4 quadrants, using spot sizes of 6 to 10 mm, fluences of 4.8 to 9 J/cm2, and pulse durations of 3 to 6 ms. An adjacent control area was not treated. Each was assessed immediately posttreatment for purpura and edema and at 1 month for PWS color, size, texture, and thickness. Skin biopsies obtained immediately after and at 1 month posttreatment were evaluated.
Results: All treatment quadrants displayed purpura. At 1-month follow-up, all treatment quadrants showed at least 1 grade of color improvement, from a minimum of 1% to 25% to a maximum of 51% to 75% improvement (12/20 quadrants with 1%-25% improvement, 3/20 with 26%-50%, 5/20 with 51%-75%, and 0/20 with 76%-100%). Histologic evaluation of treatment quadrants revealed vascular changes ranging 0.35 to 4 mm in depth. Immediately posttreatment, thrombi and extravasated red blood cells were observed in treatment quadrants. Histology at 1 month revealed decreased number and diameter of vessels in treatment quadrants (superficial vessels decreased by mean 1.1 vessels per section [13%], and diameter by 3.0 μm [47%], midlevel vessels decreased in number by 2.3 [20%], diameter by 2.42 μm [25%], and deep vessels decreased in number by 1.5 [83%], and diameter by 7.44 μm [88%]).
Conclusions: A single treatment with a short pulse width, frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser resulted in safe and effective improvement of PWS, with up to 75% improvement in color observed at 1 month. Histologic evaluation demonstrated vascular injury at depths of 0.35 to 4 mm with a reduction in vessel number and size at multiple dermal levels.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):66-71.
Rosemarie Osborne PhD, Lisa A. Mullins, Bradley B. Jarrold| |
Clindamycin Phosphate 1.2% and Tretinoin 0.025% Gel for Rosacea: Summary of a Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Trial
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):1410-1414.
Alan Menter, MD| |
Topical corticosteroids, however, including low-potency fluocinolone acetonide, also exert an anti-metabolic effect, resulting in decreased epidermal turnover, and, thus, may produce a mild depigmenting effect. When used in combination with tretinoin and hydroquinone in the treatment of melasma, fluocinolone acetonide 0.01% suppresses biosynthetic and secretory functions of melanocytes, and thus melanin production, leading to early response in melasma, synergy among the three agents, and no significant side effects over an 8-week period.
Barry Ladizinski BS, Kristine L. Busse BS, Tina Bhutani MD, John Y. M. Koo MD| |
Richard K. Scher MD,a Antonella Tosti MD,b Warren S. Joseph DPM,c Tracey C. Vlahovic DPM,d
Jesse Plasencia DPM,e Bryan C. Markinson DPM,f and David M. Pariser MDg
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1016-1021.
M.R. Namazi MD, M. Maghsoodi MD| |
Kendra Gail Bergstrom MD| |
Joel L. Cohen MD| |
METHODS: Two patients underwent surgery to remove facial skin cancer tumors. The resulting scars after reconstruction of these skin cancer defects on the left cheek (Case 1) and right cheek (Case 2) each received 3 treatments with a fractional ablative laser device (ProFractional-XC, Sciton, Inc., Palo Alto, CA). Treatments were spaced about 1 month apart. Topical anesthetic cream applied 1 hour before treatment minimized patient discomfort during the procedure. Treatment depths ranged from 150 to 200 microns, 2 passes were performed, and coverage per pass was typically 22% and then 11% in the coagulation mode. Results were evaluated by digital photography before the initial treatment, approximately 4-5 weeks after each of the 3 treatments, and at approximately 7 months after the surgical procedures.
RESULTS: The fractional Er:YAG laser device significantly improved postsurgical scar lines in each patient without significant adverse effects. Prior to the laser sessions, these scars demonstrated hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, neovascularization, or diminished pore structures compared to the surrounding skin. These pigmentary, vascular or textural issues were all significantly improved by the fractional ablative Er:YAG laser.
CONCLUSION: The ablative fractional laser device of the present report safely minimizes and improves facial scars demonstrating not only textural alterations but also some pigmentary and vascular changes after reconstruction of skin cancer defects.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(10):1171-1173.
Paula Bellot-Rojas MD, Rosalinda Posadas-Sanchez MSc, Nacu Caracas-Portilla MD, Jose Zamora-Gonzalez MSc, Guillermo Cardoso-Saldaña PhD, Fermin Jurado-Santacruz MD, Carlos Posadas-Romero MD| |
Kimberly J. Butterwick MD, Lorren S. Butterwick, Amy Han MD| |
Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea During Treatment With Brimonidine Topical Gel 0.33%: A Potential Method for Treatment Outcome Assessment
Jennifer Urban BS,a Arunee H. Siripunvarapon MD,b Adam Meekings BS,c
Amy Kalowitz BS,b and Orit Markowitz MD FAADb
OBJECTIVE: To examine and describe how OCT skin morphology changes when exposed to brimonidine topical gel 0.33% in the treatment of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea.
METHODS: Normal in vivo telangiectasias and erythematous patches and papules were examined prior to treatment clinically, dermatoscopically, and through OCT scans. Brimonidine topical gel 0.33% was applied to the face and OCT images were acquired at defined time intervals: baseline; immediately (<5 minutes) after application; 4 hours after application; and after 2 weeks’ once daily application. OCT morphology was then described.
RESULTS: OCT imaging showed an increase in the mean gray value (MGV), a measure of dermal reflectivity, corresponding to a decrease in dermal edema. MGV measurements for the nasal telangiectasia were: baseline, MGV 10,471 (standard deviation [SD] 6,847); immediate, MGV 15,634 (SD 8,983); after 4 hours, MGV 16,357 (SD 7,647); and after 2 weeks, MGV 15,505 (SD 6,870). MGV measurements for the chin erythema were: baseline, MGV 8,850 (SD 4,969); immediate, MGV 10,799 (SD 5,266); after 4 hours, MGV 12,419 (SD 6,714); and after 2 weeks, MGV 13,395 (SD 6,170). No significant change in vessel lumen diameter was appreciated. Vessel lumen diameter for the facial papule ranged from 0.13 mm at baseline, 0.09 mm immediately after treatment, 0.09 mm after 4 hours, and 0.11 mm after 2 weeks.
CONCLUSIONS: OCT scanning showed a decrease in the dermal hyporeflectivity of the dermis consistent with a decrease in dermal edema. The OCT scans obtained did not show any significant change in vessel lumen diameter. These results may reflect an increase in vascular tone, which can be attributable to the clinical improvement and decreased erythema noted in the patient. This technology could potentially be used for the non-invasive in vivo monitoring of other topical treatments.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(7):821-826.
Alysa R. Herman, MD and John A. Carucci, MD, PhD| |
Minocycline Pigmentation Following Carbon Dioxide Laser Resurfacing: Treatment With the Q-switched Nd:YAG Laser
Eric F. Bernstein MD MSE,a Caroline Koblenzer MD,b and Rosalie Elenitsas MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(4):411-414.
Pain Management With a Topical Lidocaine and Tetracaine 7%/7% Cream With Laser Dermatologic Procedures
Joel L. Cohen MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(9):986-989.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(7):826-829.
Steven H. Dayan MD,a Rachel N. Pritzker MD,b and John P. Arkins BSc
aClinical Assistant Professor, University of Illinios Department of Otolaryngology, Chicago, IL bDepartment of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, John H.Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook Country, Chicago, IL cDeNova Research, Chicago, IL
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):e76-e79.
Psoriasis and Cardiometabolic Disease: A Brief, Focused, Educational Intervention on Cardiometabolic Risks
Courtney J. Burnett BS, Dennis P. West PhD, Alfred W. Rademaker PhD, and Roopal V. Kundu MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(10):1176-1180.
Hector Fernández-Llaca MD,a Pablo de la Cueva MD,b Jesús Luelmo MD,c Jose Carlos Armario-Hita MD,d
M Luz Samaniego,e and Carmen García-Calvo MDf [Representing the RECOR Study Group.],
METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicentre study was made of 477 patients, of whom 238 had moderate to severe psoriasis (cases) and 239 were diagnosed with another dermatological disease (controls).
RESULTS: The proportion of patients with intermediate to high 10-year cardiovascular risk using the Framingham equation was significantly higher among psoriasis patients (38.5%; 80/208) than among the controls with other dermatological diseases (23.4%; 50/214, P<.05). No significant differences were observed between the 2 groups with respect to cardiovascular risk using the SCORE risk charts (P=.591). The case group included a greater proportion of obese and morbidly obese patients, as well as patients with higher triglyceride and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (P<.05); while high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly more favorable in patients in the control group (P<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular risk was greater in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis than in patients with other dermatological conditions, suggesting that early detection and tailored management of risk factors is essential to reducing cardiovascular morbidity in these patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(10):1240-1247.
Theodore Rosen MD,a Sheila Fallon Friedlander MD,b Leon Kircik MD,c Matthew J. Zirwas MD,d
Linda Stein Gold MD,e Neal Bhatia MD,f Aditya K. Gupta MD PhD MBAg
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(3):223-228.
Ricardo Ruiz-Rodriguez MD PhD, Laura López-Rodriguez MD| |
This article focuses on such findings in selected multiple cutaneous lesions that may be classified according to the primary cutaneous feature as vascular, pigmentary, nevoid hamartomas, and tumors/neoplastic conditions. The clinical presentation of each entity and its significance, appropriate diagnostic evaluation, therapeutic and prognostic considerations and pertinent differential diagnoses will be reviewed.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(7):812-817.
Mark W. Trumbore PhD, Jay A. Goldstein MD, Ronald M.Gurge PhD| |
Nitin Tiwari BS, Sheila Krishna MD, and Alex G. Ortega-Loayza MD| |
CASE: A 64-year-old male with a recent history of a repaired type 2 endoleak and Dacron® endograft for his AAA presented with a painful skin eruption, fever, and weight loss. On exam, erythematous and violaceous papules and nodules were present on the patient’s lower back. Biopsy revealed atypical, epithelioid cells forming vascular channels in a sheet-like and infiltrative pattern. These results and subsequent immunostaining were consistent with the diagnosis of EA. A bone marrow biopsy confirmed metastatic angiosarcoma.
CONCLUSION: This case further highlights Dacron® as a rare, but, potential carcinogen associated with EA.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):897-899.
Sowmya Nanjappa MD, Matthew Snyder PharmD, and John N. Greene MD FACP| |
Extravasation of medications can manifest as tenderness, pain, tissue necrosis, and thrombophlebitis and lead to infection and severe long-term complications. Risk factors for leakage of medications include mechanical and pharmacologic mechanisms such as cannulation technique, vasoconstriction, and cytotoxicity. Well-known vesicants like anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids, and vasopressors are usually administered with proper caution. Often overlooked are many antimicrobial agents, which typically act via differences in osmolality and pH. Vancomycin harms the vascular wall by the latter (pH 2.5-4.5). Although similar in appearance to vancomycin hypersensitivity reactions (eg, linear immunoglobulin A bullous dermatosis), we present a patient whose dermatitis and subsequent cellulitis likely originated due to extravasation of the drug from the peripheral intravenous catheter. The visible dermatitis mimicked bullous cellulitis from toxin-producing Staphylococcus aureus, Group A Streptococcus, and gram-negative rods or anaerobes in the setting of neutropenia. Our case illustrates the importance of getting an appropriate history and recognizing non-infectious causes of rashes that mimic chronic infections.
Efficacy of Tofacitinib for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patient Subgroups from Two Randomised Phase 3 Trials
M. Alan Menter MD,a Kim A. Papp MD,b Jennifer Cather MD,c Craig Leonardi MD,d David M. Pariser MD,e
James G. Krueger MDM,f Johannes Wohlrab MD,g Mario Amaya-Guerra MD,h Andrzej Kaszuba MD,i
Oleg Nadashkevich MD,j Tsen-Fang Tsai MD,k Pankaj Gupta PhD,l Huaming Tan PhD,l
Hernan Valdez MD,m Lotus Mallbris MD,n and Svitlana Tatulych MDl
OBJECTIVES: To assess consistency of treatment effects of tofacitinib versus placebo in subgroups defined by baseline characteristics, and to ascertain whether baseline characteristics are of value in optimizing tofacitinib use.
METHODS: Pooled data from the two trials were used to evaluate ≥75% reduction in PASI from baseline (PASI75 response) in subgroups defined by age, age at psoriasis onset, gender, race, geographical region, weight, body mass index, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, tobacco/alcohol use, psoriatic arthritis, disease activity, and prior therapy.
RESULTS: Week 16 PASI75 response rates (N=1843) were 43%, 59% and 9% with tofacitinib 5 and 10mg twice daily (BID) and placebo, respectively (each P<0.0001 versus placebo). Tofacitinib 5 and 10mg BID were effective regardless of baseline characteristics. Across subgroups, tofacitinib generally produced greater response rates with the 10 versus 5mg BID dosage. Lower absolute response rates were seen in heavier patients and patients with prior biologic experience.
CONCLUSIONS: Both tofacitinib dosages demonstrated consistent efficacy versus placebo across subgroups. Lower response rates were seen in heavier patients and those with prior biologic experience. Tofacitinib 10mg BID resulted in a substantial proportion of responders regardless of baseline characteristics.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(5):568-580.
Methods: This study was conducted to assess the effect of systemic isotretinoin on the serum level of folic acid. Sixty-one patients, including 38 women and 23 men (mean age 23.6 ± 6 years) with severe or moderate acne that was resistant to conventional treatments, were supplemented with 0.5 mg/kg/d of oral isotretinoin for 30 days. They were instructed not to use any other drugs having an effect on the folic acid level nor change their diet. The serum levels of folic acid were measured at the baseline and at the end of the treatment period. Statistical analyses were carried out using the paired t test.
Results: Mean levels of folic acid were 26.75 ± 9.42 nmol/L at baseline, and and 23.6 ± 8.42 nmol/L after 30 days of isotretinoin supplementation. This showed a significant decrease in the serum level of folic acid (P=.008).
Conclusion: Given the significant decrease in the serum level of folic acid following a 30-day use of oral isotretinoin in acne patients, and considering the important role of folic acid in metabolic functions, we recommend further studies to assess the effect of longer periods of isotretinoin treatment, in addition to studies including other relevant factors in folic acid metabolism (e.g., serum homocysteine levels). Moreover, folic acid supplementation in acne patients using isotretinoin is recommended.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):e23-e24.
Jacob Dudelzak MD, Mussarrat Hussain MD,David J. Goldberg, MD JD| |
Objective: The efficacy and safety of a new 980-nm diode laser in the treatment of facial telangiectasias was evaluated.
Materials and Methods: Twelve subjects, aged 44 to 67 years with Fitzpatrick skin types 1 to 3 and bilateral facial telangiectasias, underwent 1 to 3 monthly treatments with a 980-nm diode laser using fluences ranging from 22.2 to 146.9 J/cm2, pulse durations of 50-160 ms, spot sizes of 0.7 to 1 mm, and pulse frequencies of 3 to 10 Hz. Clinical evaluation included digital photography, as well as subject and investigator assessment of reduction in the size and appearance of telangiectasias on a 1 to 5 point scale. Adverse effects were also assessed.
Results: Significant improvement in the appearance of telangiectasias was seen after treatment. No complications were observed.
Conclusion: A new 980-nm diode laser effectively treats facial telangiectasias without any observed complications.
Complex forehead defects may result from excision of tumors or trauma. The reconstructive challenge is determined by the extent of tissue loss, the quality of the remaining tissue, possibly comprised vascular supply to the affected region, and special considerations (eg, exposed bone or injury to underlying structures). This paper describes a novel reconstructive approach to correct a complex forehead defect with exposed bone and discusses the armamentarium of reconstructive options for such cases.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(6):759-761.
Anh N. Tran MSa,b and John Y. Koo MDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(9):1118-1122.
Simon Nigen, MD, FRCPC; Sandra R. Knowles, BScPhm; and Neil H. Shear, MD, FRCPC| |
Treatment of Poikiloderma of Civatte With AblativeFractional Laser Resurfacing:Prospective Study and Review of the Literature
Emily P. Tierney MD and C. William Hanke MD MPH| |
Background: Previous laser treatments for Poikiloderma of Civatte (PC) (i.e., Pulsed dye, Intense Pulsed Light, KTP and Argon) are limited by side effect profiles and/or efficacy. Given the high degree of safety and efficacy of ablative fractional photothermolysis (AFP) for photoaging, we set out to assess the efficacy of PC with AFP.
Design: A prospective pilot study for PC in 10 subjects with a series of 1−3 treatment sessions. Treatment sessions were administered at 6−8 week intervals with blinded physician photographic analysis of improvement at 2 months post-treatment. Evaluation was performed of five clinical indicators, erythema/telangiecatasia, dyschromia, skin texture, skin laxity and cosmetic outcome.
Results: The number of treatments required for improvement of PC ranged from 1 to 3, with an average of 1.4. For erythema/telangiecatasia, the mean score improved 65.0% (95% CI: 60.7%, 69.3%) dyschromia, 66.7% (95% CI: 61.8%, 71.6%), skin texture, 51.7% (95% CI: 48.3%, 55.1%) and skin laxity, 52.5% (95% CI: 49.6%, 55.4%). For cosmetic outcome, the mean score improved 66.7% (95% CI: 62.6%, 70.8%) at 2 months post treatment.
Conclusion: In this prospective study, AFP was both safe and effective for the treatment of the vascular, pigmentary and textural components of PC. The degree of improvement observed in wrinkling, creping and laxity after AFP has not been reported with prior laser treatments for PC.
Evaluation of Efficacy and Tolerance of a Nighttime Topical Antioxidant Containing Resveratrol, Baicalin, and Vitamin E for Treatment of Mild to Moderately Photodamaged Skin
Patricia Farris MD,a Margarita Yatskayer MS,b Nannan Chen PhD,b Yevgeniy Krol BS,c Christian Oresajo PhDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(12):1467-1472.
Intense Pulsed Light Pulse Configuration Manipulation Can Resolve the Classic Conflict Between Safety and Efficacy
Inna Belenky PhD, Cruzy Tagger MD, and Andrea Bingham RE| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1255-1260.
Eric F. Bernstein MD MSE,a Jay Bhawalkar PhD,b Joan Clifford MS,b James White,b James Hsia PhDb| |
Background: Due to the hemoglobin-selective wavelength of the 595 nm pulsed-dye laser, it is a device of choice for treating cutaneous
vascular lesions. However, it is less effective and removing dyschromia, which along with hypervascularity is a cardinal sign of cutaneous
photodamage. A novel 607 nm dye laser was developed as a first step in creating a dual-wavelength pulsed-dye laser.
Study Design/Materials and Methods: Twenty-five subjects with dyschromia on the chest due to chronic photodamage were enrolled into an open-label study to explore the safety and efficacy of a 607 nm pulsed-dye laser, with 22 completing the study. Two treatments were administered to the chest, one month apart, with fluences ranging from 3-6 J/cm,2 using a 10 mm diameter spot and pulse duration of 1.5 msec. Cross-polarized digital photographs were taken before and two months following the final treatment and rated for improvement by physicians in a blinded fashion.
Results: Improvement was rated on a five-point scale with no subjects rated as poor (<25%) clearance, three subjects (13.6%) demonstrating fair (26-50%) improvement, seven subjects (31.8%) rated as good (51-75%) improvement, 12 (54.5%) were rated as excellent (76-95%) improvement, while none were rated as outstanding improvement (>95%).
Conclusion: This is the first study of the 607 nm pulsed-dye laser which showed it to be safe and effective for treating dyschromia of the chest due to chronic photodamage, and may in the future expand the ability of the pulsed-dye laser to treat photodamaged skin.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(4):388-394.
N-acetylcysteine S-nitrosothiol Nanoparticles Prevent Wound Expansion and Accelerate Wound Closure in a Murine Burn Model
Angelo Landriscina BA,a* Tagai Musaev BA,a* Jamie Rosen BA,a Anjana Ray PhD,b Parimala Nacharaju PhD,c Joshua D. Nosanchuk MD,b and Adam J. Friedman MDa,c| |
OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the efficacy of n-actetylcysteine s-nitrosothiol nanoparticles (NAC-SNO-np) on thermal burn wounds and associated expansion.
METHODS: A multi-burn model was utilized to induce three burn wounds on the dorsal surface of BALB/c mice, allowing for evaluation of the burn itself and peripheral tissue. Wounds were excised and processed for histology and immunohistochemistry on day 7 following wounding.
RESULTS: Following treatment with NAC-SNO-np, burn wound expansion was attenuated and wound healing was accelerated. Histological analysis revealed increased collagen deposition as well as increased macrophage and decreased neutrophil infiltration into the wound bed.
CONCLUSION: NAC-SNO-np represents a platform that harnesses the nitrosative properties of NAC-SNO in order to accelerate the transition from inflammatory to proliferative wound healing. Further studies are needed in order to translate to the clinical setting.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):726-732.
Elaine Shnitkind MD, Yaping E PhD, Susan Geen, Alan R. Shalita MD, Wei-Li Lee PhD| |
Hair Removal with the 3-msec Alexandrite Laser in Patients with Skin Types IV-VI: Efficacy, Safety, and the Role of Topical Corticosteroids in Preventing Side Effects
Mohammed S. Aldraibi MD PhD, Dany J. Touma MD, Amor Khachemoune MD CWS| |
Shino Bay Aguilera DO,a Yvette A. Tivoli DO,b and Stacey J. Seastrom DOc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1108-1110.
No Association Between TNF Inhibitor and Methotrexate Therapy Versus Methotrexate in Changes in Hemoglobin A1C and Fasting Glucose Among Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthritis, and Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Jashin J. Wu MD,a Christopher G. Rowan PhD,b Judith D. Bebchuk ScD,c and Mary S. Anthony PhDd| |
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in hemoglobin A1C and fasting glucose for patients exposed to TNFi.
METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients with at least 3 recorded diagnosis codes for psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis between January 1, 2004 and July 31, 2011. Patients were Kaiser Permanente Southern California members for at least 1 year prior to the index date.
RESULTS: For hemoglobin A1C, there were 344 patients in the MTX cohort, and 118 patients in the TNFi+MTX cohort. In the covariate adjusted main effects ANCOVA model, the TNFi+MTX cohort had a lower mean change in hemoglobin A1C of -0.18mg/dL (95% CI: -0.35, -0.01) compared to the MTX cohort, although the difference is small and this model was not complete as there were significant interactions. For fasting glucose, there were 524 patients in the MTX cohort, and 121 patients in the TNFi+MTX cohort. In the covariate adjusted main effects ANCOVA model, change in fasting glucose was not significantly different between groups: -0.58 mg/dL (95% CI: -5.05, 3.88) for the TNFi+MTX cohort compared to the MTX cohort, although this model was not complete as there was a significant interaction.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of TNF inhibitors with MTX was not associated with a significant difference in the change of hemoglobin A1C or fasting glucose compared to MTX alone.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(2):159-166.
Brooke Bair DO and David Fivenson MD| |
Objective and Methods: Sodium thiosulfate has been used to systemically treat calciphylaxis with little to no adverse effects. We report two cases of ulcerative calcinosis cutis which were refractory to multiple topical treatments and did not improve with correction of underlying electrolyte abnormalities.
Results: Both cases showed an excellent response to topical 25% sodium thiosulfate compounded in zinc oxide.
Limitations: We are limited by a small sample size (n=2) in this case series.
Conclusions:We recommend topical sodium thiosulfate 25% as an alternative treatment for dystrophic calcinosis cutis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):1042-1044.
This is a case report of a 69-year-old female with Parkinson's disease who developed an asymptomatic eruption on her legs bilaterally. Clinical and histologic examination was consistent with livedo reticularis, which was temporally associated with initiation of rasagiline. The pathogenesis of livedo reticularis is discussed along with the possible mechanisms for both rasagiline and amantidine causing drug-induced livedo reticularis in patients.
J Drugs Dermatol.2012;11(6):764-765.
Association Between the Type and Length of Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Therapy and Myocardial Infarction Risk in Patients With Psoriasis
Jashin J. Wu MD,a Kwun-Yee T. Poon MS,b and Judith D. Bebchuk ScDb| |
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study
SETTING: Between January 1, 2004 and November 30, 2010
PARTICIPANTS: At least 3 ICD9 codes for psoriasis (696.1) or psoriatic arthritis (696.0) (without antecedent MI).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incident MI
RESULTS: In the 3 subgroups of TNF inhibitors, 976 received etanercept; 217 received monoclonal antibody; and 480 received etanercept or monoclonal antibody, in addition, 5075 received topical therapy and 2097 received oral therapy. In the Cox proportional hazards analysis, etanercept (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.31-0.92) was associated with a significant reduction of MI risk, compared to topical agents and, monoclonal antibody only (HR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.06-1.03), and etanercept or monoclonal antibody (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.27-1.06) were associated with a non-significant reduction of MI risk compared to topical agents. Using year 1 as reference, those who received TNF inhibitor therapy at year 2 (HR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.30-4.44), at year 3 (HR, 1.89; 95% CI, 0.64-5.58), and at year 4 and above (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.46-2.94) had a non-significant increase of MI risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with etanercept, compared to treatment with topical agents, was associated with a significant decreased risk of MI in psoriasis patients. Treatment with monoclonal antibody and etanercept or monoclonal antibody, compared to treatment with topical agents, was associated with a non-significant decreased risk of MI risk in psoriasis patients. There were no statistically significant changes in risk of MI associated with length of TNF inhibitor treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(8):899-903.
Amanda Pickert MDa and Harper Price MDb| |
Shailendra Kapoor MD| |
Sol Shockman MD| |
Resident Rounds. Part III: Erosive and Desquamative Syphilis Associated With Mucositis in the Setting of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
James Quertermous MS, J. Michael Bernardi MD, Janine Malone MD, Jeffrey P. Callen MD| |
James D. Brodell Jr,a Jonathan D. Cannella MD,b and Stephen E. Helms MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):e85-e87.
Anthony M. Rossi MD,a,b Brian P. Hibler BS,a and Hillary Johnson-Jahangir MD PhDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):747-749.
Rachel Seidel BAa,c and Ronald Moy MD FAADb,c| |
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the CO2 facial to oxygenate the skin.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twelve patients were enrolled in this split-face study. They were treated one week apart with a CO2 facial on one side of the face and particle-free microdermabrasion on the other. Measurements of transcutaneous oxygen tension (tcPO2) were recorded at baseline and after each treatment. Statistical significance was assessed by comparing the average tcPO2 difference in mmHg following microdermabrasion and after a carbon dioxide facial using a 1-tailed paired t-test (α = 0.05).
RESULTS: The average increase in tcPO2 after CO2 facial treatment was statistically significantly greater (p = .0252) than after microdermabrasion.
CONCLUSION: Carbon dioxide facials improve skin oxygenation immediately following treatment, attributable to the generation of an artificial Bohr effect.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):976-980.
Kassandra E. Holzem MD,a Beatrice Nardone MD PhD,a Jon W. Lomasney MD,b Pedram Yazdan MD,a Pedram Gerami MD,a,c Dennis P. West PhD,a Anne E. Laumann MBChB MRCP (UK)a| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(5):615-618.
Alex M. Glazer MD,a Bryan D. Sofen MD,b Darrell S. Rigel MD,c and Jerome L. Shupack MDc| |
Generalized essential telangiectasia (GET) is a notoriously difficult to treat disorder with no current satisfactory treatments. This case and discussion report the use of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) as a successful treatment for GET. Moreover, we show that GET may represent a state of increased angiogenesis, a paradigm shift from the current understanding that these telangiectasias represent dilatations of only pre-existing vessels. This new view of GET may drive others to look at novel agents for treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(3):280-282.
Thomas Lee MD, Julia Schwartz MD| |
Efficacy of Adalimumab Compared With Methotrexate or Placebo Stratified by Baseline BMI in a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial in Patients With Psoriasis
Ronald Prussick MD,a Kristina Unnebrink PhD,b Wendell C. Valdecantos MDc| |
METHODS: PASI responses and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores through 16 weeks of treatment were examined by baseline BMI category (<25 kg/m2 [normal], 25 to <30 kg/m2 [overweight], and ≥30 kg/m2 [obese]) in patients with psoriasis with a baseline PASI total score ≥12. Treatment differences between the adalimumab and the methotrexate or placebo groups were compared using Fisher’s exact test for PASI responses and 1-way analysis of variance for DLQI scores.
RESULTS: In all BMI categories, adalimumab treatment led to significantly greater rates of PASI75/90 responses at weeks 12 and 16 compared with methotrexate or placebo (P<0.05 for all). In normal weight, overweight, and obese patients at week 16, the respective PASI75 response rates were 85.0%, 85.7%, and 61.3% with adalimumab; 43.3%, 29.3%, and 26.1% with methotrexate; and 28.6%, 16.7%, and 0% with placebo. PASI90 response rates were 70.0%, 53.6%, and 35.5% with adalimumab; 26.7%, 7.3%, and 8.7% with methotrexate; and 9.5%, 16.7%, and 0% with placebo. Across all BMI subgroups, the greatest decreases in DLQI scores from baseline occurred in the adalimumab group.
CONCLUSION: Significantly higher PASI75/90 response rates and more pronounced improvements in DLQI scores at week 16 were identified in patients treated with adalimumab, compared with methotrexate or placebo, regardless of baseline BMI category.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):864-868.
Drivers of Healthcare Costs Among the Costliest Patients With Psoriasis Over Three Years in a United States Health Plan
April W. Armstrong MD MPH,a Yang Zhao PhD,b Vivian Herrera PhD,b Yunfeng Li PhD,b Tim Bancroft PhD,e Michael Hull MS,c and Aylin Altan PhDd| |
OBJECTIVE: To compare patients with psoriasis by cost level over 3 years.
METHODS: Psoriasis patients in a large US health plan in 2011-2013 were identified. Four groups were created by healthcare costs excluding biologics: patients having top 10% of costs in all 3 years (Top), top 10% in 2 of 3 years (High), bottom 90% in 2 of 3 years (Medium), and bottom 90% in all 3 years (Bottom). Comorbidities, utilization, and costs between groups were compared.
RESULTS: The study included 18,653 patients: 514 (3%), 805 (4%), 2,443 (13%), and 14,891 (80%) patients in the Top, High, Medium, and Bottom groups, respectively. Significantly more patients in the Top vs Bottom group had diabetes (31.1% vs 9.4%), cardiovascular disease (26.5% vs 4.3%), psoriatic arthritis (25.7% vs 10.7%), depression (27.8% vs 6.9%), and anxiety (22.0% vs 7.9%) in 2011 (all P less than 0.05). Patients in the Top group had more unique 2011 prescriptions (17.7 vs 6.6; P less than 0.001) than the Bottom group, but similar biologic use (22.4% vs 21.6%). Patients in the Top, High, Medium, and Bottom groups had mean 2011 total costs of $68,913, $40,575, $24,292, and $8,815, and contributed to 14%, 13%, 23%, and 51% of the overall costs, respectively. Mean total costs increased 14-18% over time for all groups. Although mean 2011 total costs for patients in the Top group were 7.8 times of those in the Bottom group, psoriasis-related costs were less disparate ($8,716 vs $4,541). Compared with patients in the Bottom group, those in the Top group were more likely to have any 2011 hospitalization (36.8% vs 2.6%; psoriasis-related: 11.1% vs 0.7%) or emergency visit (50.8% vs 20.8%; psoriasis-related: 3.9% vs 1.0%).
CONCLUSION: The costliest patients with psoriasis had significantly higher prevalence of comorbidities, prescription fills, inpatient and emergency utilization, but not biologic medication use or biologic costs.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(7):651-658.
Dalia G. Aly MD,a Ihab Y. Abdallah MD,b Noha S. Hanafy MD,a Mohamed L. Elsaie MD,a,c and Neveen A. A. Hafizd| |
Aim: To evaluate the possible relationship between serum leptin in nonobese patients with psoriasis and other randomly selected skin diseases.
Subjects and methods: Eighty subjects (40 patients with psoriasis, 20 patients with other randomly selected skin diseases, and 20 healthy controls) were included in the study. Fasting serum leptin levels of the study groups were examined by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: Elevated serum leptin levels were detected in both nonobese patients with psoriasis (P=.004) and those with other randomly selected skin diseases (P=.05). Leptin levels failed to correlate to the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score of psoriatic patients. Both sexes demonstrated comparable levels of serum leptin in psoriatic patients, while female patients suffering from other skin diseases showed higher levels of serum leptin than did males of the same group.
Conclusion: Leptin may play a role in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis and other skin diseases, even in the absence of obesity as a cofactor.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2):e25-e29.
Anne Goldsberry MD MBA, C. William Hanke MD MPH, Katherine E. Hanke
Laser and Skin Surgery Center of Indiana, Carmel, IN
OBJECTIVE: We also sought to evaluate whether the VISIA Complexion Analysis System (Canfield Imaging Systems, Fairfield, NJ) could be a tool to help patients better understand their skin complaints.
METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive women were recruited for VISIA analysis. Each subject underwent VISIA analysis and completed a follow up survey.
RESULTS: 86% of respondents reported that the VISIA analysis helped them understand their initial concern. 86% noted that the VISIA brought other skin problems to their attention. 100% of the subjects responded that they would recommend VISIA analysis to others. 62% of subjects responded that they would prefer to go to a practice with a VISIA system in comparison to a practice without VISIA.
CONCLUSION: The VISIA Complexion Analysis System is a beneficial tool for dermatology and aesthetic practices with the potential to aid in patient education.
Kristin Totoraitis BS,a Cynthia M. Magro MD,b Adam Friedman MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(10):1036-1038.
Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas MD PhD| |
Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas MD PhD holds three Harvard degrees, an extensive 20+ year background in research, and runs clinical and laboratory studies focusing on anti-aging skin care, acne, skin cancer, and lasers. Her clinical practice on Park Avenue is focused on dermatology and laser surgery. Dr. Alexiades holds a BA from Harvard University, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and awarded the Fay Prize, the highest undergraduate honor, an MD from Harvard Medical School, and a PhD in Genetics from Harvard University. She is dual certified in medicine, surgery, and dermatology in the EU as well as the US.
Jeremy B. Green MD a board-certified dermatologist, graduated cum laude with a bachelor's degree from Princeton University. He completed his medical education at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine where he graduated with Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) honors. He trained at the University of Miami Department of Dermatology where he served as its chief resident. Dr. Green currently practices with Dr. Brandt Dermatology Associates in Coral Gables, Florida, where they have chosen to make the Excel V laser an integral part of their practice.
Neil Sadick MD FAAD FAACS FACP FACPh a native New York City resident, completed his medical school training at SUNY Upstate. His residency, in internal medicine, was completed at Cornell/North Shore University/Memorial Sloan Kettering Medical Center. Dr. Sadick then went on to train in dermatology at New York Hospital, during which time he served as chief resident until the completion of his training in 1983. Dr. Sadick holds five board certifications in internal medicine, dermatology, cosmetic surgery, hair restoration surgery, and phlebology. Dr. Sadick is the medical director and owner of Sadick Aesthetic Surgery and Dermatology with locations on Park Avenue in New York City and Great Neck, Long Island.
David B. Vasily MD FAAD received a Bachelor of Science in Biology degree, with honors from Moravian College, magna cum laude. He obtained his medical degree from SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine. Following his internship at Allentown Hospital, he completed a dermatology residency at Geisinger Medical Center in Danville, Pennsylvania. Dr. Vasily is board-certified by the American Board of Dermatology and a Fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology. He is a well-known dermatologist, who has also served as founder and president of Lehigh Valley Dermatology Associates, Ltd. since its inception over 30 years ago.
Lilia M. Correa-Selm MD,a Mahin Alamgir MD,b Babar K. Rao MDc| |
Over a decade ago, the FDA approved biologics for psoriasis, which changed how the disease is treated and, in most cases, has a significant positive impact on the lives of patients. Side effects primarily identified during the investigational and research phase led to the development of specific guidelines for treatment. The treatment guidelines have been amended to incorporate better understandings of side-effects over the years that the disease has been treated. In this study, we focused on a chart review that included assessing the current guidelines and their alignment with modern patient management and the recent side effects presented. This life-cycle evaluation included over 100 patients, management of their treatment, laboratory abnormalities, criteria for choosing or changing to a different biologic, and the effects of the treatments management throughout the years. The review identified some recommended changes in the application and treatment of psoriasis with biologics. To further evidence our findings, we hope to expand this study to a larger scale with more patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(3):215-217.
Mona D. Mislankar MD, Rajiv K. Nathoo MD, and Sailesh Konda MD| |
Laura McDermott BA,a Raman Madan MD,a Reena Rupani MD,b and Daniel Siegel MDa| |
METHODS: A PubMed search for the term “indigo naturalis” was performed, and literature from 2006 to the present relevant to indigo naturalis and treatment of psoriasis and nail psoriasis was reviewed.
RESULTS: Indigo naturalis shares several therapeutic mechanisms with current psoriasis treatments, such as regulation of keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, restoration of epidermal barrier function, and reduction of inflammatory processes. Clinically, it is well tolerated.
CONCLUSION: Recent research of indigo naturalis suggests that it is a safe, inexpensive, and effective alternative topical treatment for skin and nail psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(3):319-323.
Colton Nielson BS,b Ryan Fischer MD,a Garth Fraga MD,a and Daniel Aires MDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):894-895.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(4):528-529.
Reproducible Novel Transcriptional Differences Between Psoriatic Lesional and Non-Lesional Skin Show Increased Inflammation and Metabolism
Daniel J. Aires MD JD,a Graham Rockwell PhD,b Alan Menter MD,c Colton Nielson,d Jo Wick PhD,e Stephanie Sedivy MD,f Ossamma Tawfik MD PhD,g Anne Bowcock PhD,h and Animesh A. Sinha MD PhDi| |
OBJECTIVE: To reproducibly assess single-gene transcriptional changes in psoriatic skin.
METHODS: We evaluated 210 top candidate genes from a first psoriasis study group (population 1), and then confirmed differential expression in a second independent psoriasis study group (population 2).
RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-eight differentially expressed genes were replicated in the 2 studies, of which 57 have not previously been reported as associated with psoriasis. This is significantly greater than the 10 expected false positives. Lesional skin vs uninvolved areas showed inflammatory and cell regulation changes.
CONCLUSION: Previously undescribed psoriasis-associated genes revealed in this study may provide potential future targets for development and assessment of novel therapeutic agents for psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):794-800.
Julia Schwartz, MD, Thomas Lee, MD| |
The content of these case studies, ideal to review during peer study groups, was developed by Julia Schwartz, MD and Thomas Lee, MD under the guidance of dermatologist Adam Friedman, MD, FAAD, Associate Professor of Dermatology, Residency Program Director, Director of Translational Research, Department of Dermatology GW University.
Resident Rounds: Part 1 - Program Spotlight: The University of Colorado Denver Dermatology Residency Program
David A. Norris MD, Ramin Fathi MD| |
NEWS, VIEWS, AND REVIEWS: A Tool for My Laser Practice I Simply Can’t Do Without: Shining a Light on My Favorite Light (Source)
Eric F. Bernstein MD MSE| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(9):939-944.
Resident Rounds: Part I: Program Spotlight: The University of California, Irvine Department of Dermatology Residency Training Program
Nazanin Saedi MD, Amy Reinstadler MD, Sam Truong MD, Kristen Kelly MD| |
Resident Rounds is a new section of the JDD dedicated to highlighting various dermatology departments with residency training programs. Resident Rounds will feature three sections: (1) a program spotlight, highlighting pertinent information about the department and residency training program; (2) a section presenting study materials used by residents at the program; and (3) a section designed to highlight recent interesting cases seen at the institution. This issue of Resident Rounds features the University of California, Irvine Department of Dermatology Residency Training Program. The editor of Resident Rounds is Omar A. Ibrahimi, MD, PhD. Dr. Ibrahimi is a recent graduate of the Harvard Combined Program in Dermatology and currently a fellow in Mohs, Laser and Cosmetic Surgery at the University of California Davis. If you are interested in highlighting your training program in a future issue, please contact Dr. Ibrahimi at firstname.lastname@example.org
Susan Weinkle MDa,b and Michael Saco MDa| |
Aging gracefully has taken on a whole new meaning over the past few decades as new aesthetic treatments have been developed and are becoming more sophisticated by the day. The aging process, which is exacerbated by chronic UV exposure, results in dyspigmentation, loss of skin laxity, precancerous and cancerous skin lesions, fat loss and redistribution, and bone resorption. Laser and light devices can be used to treat dyspigmentation, while neuromodulators and soft tissue fillers can be used for rhytides and revolumization. Newer procedures include using resorbable polyglycolide/L-lactide suspension sutures with bidirectional cones for mid face revolumization, deoxycholic acid injections for submental fat reduction, and radiofrequency energy. Certain over-the-counter products can increase the risk of postprocedure bruising, while arnica and bromelain may help decrease this risk. Dermatologists continue to be at the forefront of aesthetic treatments, ready and willing to help the aging population look and feel their best.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6 Suppl):s84-86.
Jeremy B. Green MD,a,b Andrei I. Metelitsa MD FRCPC,c,d Joely Kaufman MD,a,b and Terrence Keaney MDe,f,g,h| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1061-1064.
Infliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody, which acts by binding to both the soluble and membrane-bound tumor necrosis factor-a. In clinical practice, it is used as either monotherapy or in combination with other systemic therapies, particularly methotrexate. This study reviews clinical response and adverse events in 120 psoriasis patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis who have received infliximab for a minimum of one year. The medical records of 120 infliximab-treated psoriasis patients at our referral psoriasis clinic in Dallas between 2002-2008 were reviewed for response rates, side effects and concomitant therapies. Of 120 charts reviewed, 112 (93%) patients had plaque type psoriasis, six (5%) had recalcitrant palmoplantar disease and two (1.6%) had severe acropustulosis of Hallopeau. Eighty-four (70%) patients had symptomatic psoriatic arthritis. The mean follow-up time was 2.2±1.1 years. One hundred and nine (91%) of the 120 patients had clearance of their psoriasis (response of more than 90% of initial BSA) at a median time of 12 weeks. Concomitant systemic treatments, primarily methotrexate, were given to 62 (52%) patients. Nineteen patients (16%) discontinued infliximab in the post-one-year treatment period for a variety of reasons, primarily failure to maintain adequate response. One hundred and four (87%) of patients required more than the standard dose of 5 mg/kg every eight weeks to maintain clearance. Infliximab either as monotherapy or in combination with traditional antipsoriatic agents is an effective and well-tolerated treatment option for patients with moderate to severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis on therapy for over one year and continuing for the long term.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(5):539-544.
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCD| |
Eric F. Bernstein MD| |
A number of drugs can cause cutaneous hyperpigmentation through a variety of mechanisms. The pigment is comprised of dermal deposits of the drug and its metabolites, often combined with melanin and hemosiderin. Minocycline and amiodarone are among the most common medications to cause skin-induced pigmentation. Affected individuals generally develop slate-gray pigmentation in affected sites. Treatment with various Q-switched lasers has been shown to be effective at removing drug-induced pigmentation. The author presents a man with amiodarone pigmentation of the face who responded to treatment with the Q-switched neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(11):1316-1319.
Apremilast and Narrowband Ultraviolet-B Combination Therapy for Treating Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis
Jerry Bagel MD MS, Elise Nelson LPN, Brian R. Keegan MD PhD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(10):957-962.
Human Adipocyte Apoptosis Immediately Following High Frequency Focused Field Radio Frequency: Case Study
David McDaniel MDa and Paula Lozanova MDb| |
METHODS and MEASUREMENTS: Two healthy female subjects underwent abdominal skin and fat biopsies at baseline and after one treatment with a similar focused field high frequency RF device capable of 200 watts for 45 minutes. Biopsies were performed 1 hour post-treatment and were analyzed using the TUNEL method. Infrared imaging of the skin surface temperature was measured in both subjects. Thermocouple measurements at 1 and 2 cm were performed during the treatment cycle on a single subject.
RESULTS: Histologic apoptotic index (pre and 1 hour post) showed an average increase of 487% (6.5 to 31.7). Thermal imaging demonstrated an average surface temperature of 31.6C° pre-treatment and 39.2°C post-treatment. The 1 cm depth thermocouple showed an initial temperature of 40C° and reached a maximum of 45°C 15 minutes into the treatment. It remained stable at 45°C for the remaining 30 minutes treatment time. No adverse events were noted.
CONCLUSION: RF treatment induces an increase in apoptotic index in adipocytes 1 hour post-RF treatment. This is accompanied by a peak temperature of 45°C in the fat layer. Skin surface temperatures remain substantially lower than fat temperatures.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(6):622-623.
Habibollah S. Alamdari BAa , Cheryl J. Gustafson MDa , Scott A. Davis MAa , William Huang MD MPHa , and Steven R. Feldman MD PhDa-c| |
Purpose: To determine how frequently psoriasis patients are screened for CV risk factors in the ambulatory care setting and to identify factors affecting screening rates.
Methods: Data from the 2005 to 2009 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) were analyzed to determine screening rates for blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, and body mass index (BMI). The probability of a patient having at least 1 of the 4 risk factors screened was determined and was termed the "composite" score. Screening rates were assessed by physician specialty, patient demographics, and clinical practice characteristics.
Results: There were an estimated 11.4 million psoriasis patient visits from 2005 to 2009. Blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, and BMI were evaluated at 32.2%, 5.9%, 9%, and 26% of psoriasis visits, respectively, with a composite score of 41.2%. Patients without psoriasis were screened for these CV risk factors at 59.0%, 6%, 8%, and 38.1% of outpatient visits, respectively, with a composite score of 66.3%. The results of a multivariate analysis accounting for patient age differences indicated psoriasis had a statistically significant effect on rates of blood pressure and BMI screening. In general, screening rates were higher if the patient was male, African American, or non-Hispanic, and screening rates were relatively equal across age groups. Higher screening rates were also associated with primary care specialties, faculty practice or community health clinics with contracted physicians, clinics that utilized electronic medical records, practices with a higher percentage of revenue from a Medicare/Medicaid payer, or offices with discounted fees and capitation payment structures.
Limitations: Data from NAMCS are cross-sectional, permitting assessment of screening rates based on visits but not on patients.
Conclusions: Screening for high blood pressure, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity are not performed at most outpatient visits for psoriasis. Care should be taken to ensure that patients do receive appropriate screening for the comorbidities associated with psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):e14-e19.
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Pilot Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Clindamycin 1.2% and Tretinoin 0.025% Combination Gel for the Treatment of Acne Rosacea Over 12 Weeks
Background: Papulopustular acne rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition which can be difficult to treat. Many patients are unwilling to use systemic medications, and single topical agents alone may not address all the symptoms of rosacea. A combination topical clindamycin phosphate 1.2% and tretinoin 0.025% gel is efficacious for acne vulgaris, and may be helpful for rosacea, since acne vulgaris and rosacea shares many similar clinical and histologic features.
Objective: To assess the preliminary efficacy and safety of a combination gel consisting of clindamycin phosphate 1.2% and tretinoin 0.025% on papulopustular rosacea after 12 weeks of usage.
Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled two site study of 79 participants with moderate to severe papulopustular acne rosacea using both physician and subjects' validated assessment tools. Primary endpoint consisted of statistically significant reduction in absolute papule or pustule count after 12 weeks of usage.
Results: There was no significant difference in papule/pustule count between placebo and treated groups after 12 weeks (P=0.10). However, there was nearly significant improvement in physicians' assessments of the telangiectasia component of rosacea (P=0.06) and erythematotelangiectatic rosacea subtype (P=0.05) in treated versus placebo group after 12 weeks. The only significant adverse event different was facial scaling, which was significantly increased in treated group (P=0.01), but this did not result in discontinuation of study drug.
Conclusions: A combination gel of clindamycin phosphate 1.2% and tretinoin 0.025% may improve the telangiectatic component of rosacea and appears to better treat the erythemotelangiectatic subtype of rosacea rather than papulopustular subtype. Our preliminary study suggests that future studies with much larger sample size might confirm our findings. Clinical Trials: NCT00823901.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(3):333-339.
Kendra Gail Bergstrom MD FAAD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(8):907-910.
Comparative Results in Treatment of Keloids With Intralesional 5-FU/Kenalog, 5-FU/Verapamil, Enalapril Alone,Verapamil Alone, and Laser: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
Doru Alexandrescu MD,a Sabrina Fabi MD,b Lindsey C.Yeh MD MS, c Richard E. Fitzpatrick MD,b and Mitchel P. Goldman MDb| |
Ashley R. Mason MD and Melinda R. Mohr MDa| |
Resident Rounds is a new section of the JDD dedicated to highlighting various dermatology departments with residency training programs. Resident Rounds will feature three sections: (1) a program spotlight, highlighting pertinent information about the department and residency training program; (2) a section presenting study materials used by residents at the program; and (3) a section designed to highlight recent interesting cases seen at the institution. This issue of Resident Rounds features the Eastern Virginia Medical School Dermatology Residency Program. The editor of Resident Rounds is Omar A. Ibrahimi, MD, PhD. Dr. Ibrahimi is a recent graduate of the Harvard Combined Program in Dermatology and currently a fellow in Mohs, Laser and Cosmetic Surgery at the University of California Davis. If you are interested in highlighting your training program in a future issue, please contact Dr. Ibrahimi at email@example.com
Resident Rounds: Part I - Program Spotlight: Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Jeffrey F. Scott MD, Ashley Feneran DO, and Kevin D. Cooper MD| |
Joel L. Cohen MD and Kavita Mariwall MD| |
Patricia Farris MD,a,b Jean Krutmann MD,h Yuan-Hong Li MD PhD,i
David McDaniel MD,c,d,e,f,g and Yevgeniy Krolj
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(12):1389-1394.
Steven H. Dayan MD FACS,a,b John P. Arkins BS,c Clyde C. Mathison MDd| |
Background: As the number of soft tissue filler injections increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may rise. Impending necrosis represents a serious complication that, if not treated correctly and timely, may have grave consequences.
Objective: We describe a protocol utilizing hyaluronidase, nitroglycerin paste, aspirin, antacid and a topical oxygen therapy that may be used to treat impending necrosis subsequent to injection with soft tissue fillers.
Conclusion: We have successfully treated nine post-filler injection adverse events involving impending necrosis or necrosis following both hyaluronic acid and calcium hydroxylapatite injections using our protocol.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):1007-1012.
A Randomized, Double-blind, Split-face Study Comparing the Efficacy and Tolerability of Three Retinol-based Products vs. Three Tretinoin-based Products in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Facial Photodamage
Michael Babcock MD,1 Rahul C. Mehta PhD,2 Elizabeth T. Makino BS CCRA MBA2| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(1):24-30.
Methods:In this prospective study, blood pressure (BP) was recorded in 100 consecutive patients who presented for MMS consultation and a subsequent MMS procedure, and compared on both days. Statistical analysis was performed using the paired Student t test and the significance of the findings was determined based on the corresponding P values. Progression from normotensive to hypertensive state while the doctor was in the room was stratified based on the patient's age, gender, and histories of smoking, hypertension (HTN), diabetes, and hyperlipidemia; as well as whether the doctor was wearing a white lab coat over blue surgical scrubs (50 patients) or blue surgical scrubs alone (50 patients).
Results: BP increased from baseline when the doctor entered the room and then decreased towards baseline after five minutes of the doctor being present. Elevation in BP was more evident in younger people, males, and those with HTN and hyperlipidemia. BP was slightly higher on the day of the consultation than on the day of the procedure. A higher number of patients became hypertensive when the doctor wore a white lab coat over blue surgical scrubs vs blue surgical scrubs alone. However, these changes in BP did not prove to be statistically significant.
Conclusion: Brief periods of WCHTN were seen on both days. However, these elevations in BP were not statistically significant and decreased towards baseline after five minutes. There were no cases in which elevation in BP associated with WCHTN was sufficient to result in the need to postpone or cancel MMS.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):e18-e22.
Sarah A. Malerich BS,a,b Amer H. Nassar MD,b Andrew S. Dorizas MD,b,d Neil S. Sadick MDb,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(11):1331-1335.
Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Therapy and Myocardial Infarction Risk in Patients With Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthritis, or Both
Jashin J. Wu MDa and Kwun-Yee T. Poon MSb| |
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study
SETTING: Between January 1, 2004 and November 30, 2010
PARTICIPANTS: At least 3 ICD9 codes for psoriasis (696.1) or psoriatic arthritis (696.0) (without antecedent MI.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incident MI
RESULTS: When comparing to those not treated with TNF inhibitors (reference group), of those treated with TNF inhibitors: those with psoriasis only (N= 846) had a significant decrease in MI risk (hazard ratio (HR), 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.56); those with psoriatic arthritis only (N= 112) had a non-significant decrease in MI risk (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.28-2.70); those with both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (N= 715) had a non-significant decrease in MI risk (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.47-1.24).
CONCLUSIONS: In the TNF inhibitor cohort, those with psoriasis only have the strongest association with MI risk reduction, followed by those with psoriatic arthritis only, and then followed by those with both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(8):932-934.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1117-1118.
Brian Robert Keegan MD PhD| |
To qualify for inclusion, subjects were required to have a clinical diagnosis of stable plaque psoriasis involving ≥10% of the body surface area (BSA), a combined target lesion severity score (TLSS) of ≥7 for the target lesion, a plaque elevation score of ≥3 (moderate) for the target lesion, and a Physician Global Assessment (PGA) score of 3 (moderate) or 4 (severe) at baseline for the overall disease severity.
At the baseline visit, the mean proportions of BSA affected by psoriasis were 17% (range 10% to 86%) in the desoximetasone 0.25% spray group and 16% (range 10% to 70%) in the vehicle spray group. Approximately 90% of the patients in each group had moderate to very severe scaling at baseline. Desoximetasone 0.25% spray was effective with significant improvements in overall severity and was well tolerated, with dryness, irritation, and pruritus at the application site being the only reported adverse events occurring in >1% of patients, each of which occurred in less than 3% of patients.
As a large proportion of psoriasis patients (94%) have reported being bothered by scaling, the relief of scaling was examined in these studies. At week 1, 69.7% of patients on desoximetasone 0.25% spray had scaling that was considered clear / almost clear / mild compared with 48.3% for those on vehicle spray (P= .0027). By week 4, the proportion of patients with clear / almost clear / mild scaling had risen to 83.9% in the desoximetasone 0.25% spray group (P < .0001). After four weeks of treatment, 66.4% of patients in the topical corticosteroid group had an overall improvement of at least two grades of disease severity. This demonstrates that desoximetasone 0.25% spray provided fast and effective relief of scaling in patients with plaque psoriasis affecting 10% to 86% of their BSA.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):835-840.
Laurel M. Morton MD,a Kevin C. Smith MD FRCPC,b Jeffrey S. Dover MD FRCPC,a,c,d,e Kenneth A. Arndt MDa,d,e,f| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1219-1222.
Prescilia Isedeh MD and Henry W. Lim MD| |
A pinpoint papular variant of PMLE has been reported in individuals with skin phototype IV-VI,4 characterized by the development of pinpoint papules, 1 to 2 mm, on sun-exposed areas after ultraviolet radiation.5 PMLE has a predilection for the arms, forearms, hands, head and neck region, usually with sparing of the face.2,4 We report two cases of American-American males who presented with the pinpoint papular variant of PMLE involving the face.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1285-1286.
Andrew Blauvelt MD MBA,a April W. Armstrong MD MPH,b Gerald G. Krueger MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):805-812.
Han-deng Tu MD,a,b,c Yuan-hong Li MD PhD,b Hong-fu Xie MD,a Jia-mei Xiong MD,c Bing Wang MD,b Xue-gang Xu MD,b La-ga Tong MD,b LiLi MD,b Michael H. Gold MD,d and Hong-Duo Chen MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a dual-wavelength laser device in treatment of neck and facial PWS in a direct side-by-side comparison.
METHODS: Sixteen Chinese patients with neck and/or facial PWSs were enrolled in the study. All lesions were randomly divided into two area, treated area and adjacent untreated area. Five successive treatments using a dual-wavelength laser system (595-nm PDL combined with 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser) were delivered on treated areas at 4- to 6-week intervals. The adjacent area was not treated as self control. Two blinded dermatologists evaluated the clinical changes by comparing the before and after photos. Erythema index (EI) values were measured with a non-invasive instrument.
RESULTS: After five sessions of treatment, over 62.5% (10/16) patients achieved more than 50% (moderate or significant) improvement. The efficacy maintained at the 3-month follow-up visit. The values of EI on treated area showed a significant decrease. Adverse effects of treated area were limited.
CONCLUSION: Using this split-face module, the dual-wavelength laser system is proved to be effective and well tolerated in treating neck and facial PWSs in Chinese patients. Adverse effects were minimal and acceptable.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1336-1340.
David L. Chen MDa and Joel L. Cohen MDa,b| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1360-1362.
Calcium Hydroxylapatite With Integral Lidocaine Provides Improved Pain Control for the Correction of Nasolabial Folds
Daniel Schachter MD FRCPC,a Vince Bertucci MD FRCPC,b and Nowell Solish MD FRCPCc| |
This multicenter, split-face, double-blind study randomized subjects to receive treatment with CaHA (+) in one NLF and CaHA without lidocaine in the contralateral NLF. The pain level for each NLF was evaluated immediately following the injection using a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS), and every 15 minutes for 60 minutes plus follow-up visits. Additional endpoints included aesthetic outcomes and subject preference. All subjects (N=102) received treatment.
CaHA (+) treatment resulted in a statistically and clinically significant reduction in pain ratings immediately after injection compared with CaHA. The mean difference in VAS scores for pain was -4.41 (P<0.0001). In 90% of subjects, the VAS scores were ≥2.0 cm lower for the CaHA (+)-treated NLF. A significant reduction in pain ratings throughout the first hour after injection was observed with CaHA (+) compared with CaHA (P<0.0001). Both treatment groups achieved significant aesthetic improvement; however, the pain differential resulted in a subject-reported preference for CaHA (+). CaHA (+) with integral lidocaine significantly reduces pain and is as effective as CaHA.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):1005-1010.
Paraneoplastic Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris as the Presenting Manifestation of Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Isabel M. Remedios MD,a J. Daniel Jensen MD,b Kathleen Beckum MD,b
Kristopher McKay MD,b and Rebecca Kissel MDb
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(5):610-612.
Joanna Harp MD,a Joshua M. Schulman MD,a and Jack S. Resneck, Jr MDb| |
Resident Rounds is a section of the JDD dedicated to highlighting various dermatology departments with residency training programs. Resident Rounds includes three sections: (1) a program spotlight, highlighting pertinent information about the department and residency training program; (2) a section presenting study materials used by residents at the program; and (3) a section designed to highlight recent interesting cases seen at the institution. This issue of Resident Rounds features the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, Dermatology Residency Program. The editor of Resident Rounds is Omar A. Ibrahimi, MD, PhD. He is currently the Director of Cutaneous Laser and Cosmetic Surgery and a Mohs surgeon at the University of Connecticut. Dr. Ibrahimi is also a Visiting Scientist at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School. If you are interested in highlighting your training program in a future issue, please contact Dr. Ibrahimi at firstname.lastname@example.org
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1316-1230.
Stanislav N. Tolkachjov MD and Nneka I. Comfere MD| |
HMF has a clinically benign course and responds well to therapy; however, relapse is common.3 We report a case of HMF misdiagnosed as vitiligo in order to illuminate diagnostic, histopathological, and treatment modalities.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(2):193-194.
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Comparative Trial of the Anti-Aging Properties of Non-Prescription Tri-Retinol 1.1% vs. Prescription Tretinoin 0.025%
Elizabeth T. Ho BS,a Nathan S. Trookman MD,b Brian R. Sperber MD PhD,b Ronald L. Rizer PhD,c Ralph Spindler PhD,d Sujatha Sonti PhD,a Vincent Gotz MS Pharm,e Rahul Mehta PhDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(1):64-69.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1053-1058.
David O. Schairer MD,a Jason S. Chouake MD,a Allison J. Kutner,a Joy Makdisi,a
Josh D. NosanchukMD,b,c and Adam J. Friedman MDd,e
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1272-1277.
Leon H. Kircik MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(1 Suppl 1):s7-s10.
Background: Facial lipoatrophy is one of the most distressing manifestation for HIV patients. It can be stigmatizing, severely affecting
quality of life and self-esteem, and it may result in reduced antiretroviral adherence. Several filling techniques have been proposed
in facial wasting restoration, with different outcomes. The aim of this study is to present a triangular area that is useful to fill in facial
Methods: Twenty-eight HIV patients rehabilitated for facial wasting were enrolled in this study. Sixteen were rehabilitated with a non- resorbable filler and twelve with structural fat graft harvested from lipohypertrophied areas. A photographic pre-operative and post- operative evaluation was performed by the patients and by two plastic surgeons who were “blinded.” The filled area, in both patients rehabilitated with structural fat grafts or non-resorbable filler, was a triangular area of depression identified between the nasolabial fold, the malar arch, and the line that connects these two anatomical landmarks.
Results: The cosmetic result was evaluated after three months after the last filling procedure in the non-resorbable filler group and after three months post-surgery in the structural fat graft group. The mean patient satisfaction score was 8.7 as assessed with a visual analogue scale. The mean score for blinded evaluators was 7.6.
Conclusion: In this study the authors describe a triangular area of the face, between the nasolabial fold, the malar arch, and the line that connects these two anatomical landmarks, where a good aesthetic facial restoration in HIV patients with facial wasting may be achieved regardless of which filling technique is used.
J Drugs Dermatol 2012;11(2):202-208.
Recent Trend in the Choice of Fillers and Injection Techniques in Asia: A Questionnaire Study Based on Expert Opinion
Soo-Keun Lee MDa and Hei Sung Kim MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recent trend in the choice of fillers and injection techniques among leading dermatologists in Asia and offer guidance to those who practice facial fillers.
METHODS: A panel of dermatologists, who are recognized as filler experts and key speakers in Korea were asked to fill out an in-depth questionnaire on fillers in 2012. The results of the 2012 questionnaire are presented and compared with the questionnaire results of the exact same group of doctors in 2011.
RESULTS: Those who participated in the questionnaire study practiced fillers for an average of 10.6 years with an average of 32.8 filler cases per week. Common indications for filler injection were midface augmentation and nose augmentation. Indications that most drastically increased between 2011 and 2012 were midface and forehead augmentation. For the nasolabial folds, the most preferred choice of filler product, needle, injection technique and injection depth was Radiesse®, 27G short needle, Layering technique and the Upper subcutaneous fat layer. For filler rhinoplasty, the preferred choices were Radiesse®, 27G short needle, Linear threading technique and the Mid-deep fatty layer. For dark circles, the favored choices were Esthelis Basic®, 30G short needle, Vertical technique and the SOOF (suborbicularis oculi fat) layer. For forehead augmentation, the most favored choices were Juvederm Voluma®, 23G cannula, Linear threading technique and Fanning and the Supraperiosteal layer. The physicians’ satisfaction score for the nasolabial folds, filler rhinoplasty, dark circles and forehead augmentation was 71.5, 90, 84.5 and 87 respectively.
CONCLUSION: On general, filler experts preferred fillers with relatively high visco-elasticity for the nasolabial folds, nose augmentation and forehead augmentation but chose fillers with low visco-elasticity for dark circles. Linear treading technique (with or without fanning) was universally popular but Vertical injection was considered more useful for dark circles and the nasal tip.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(1):24-31.
The Diagnostic Role of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in Measuring the Depth of Burn and Traumatic Scars for More Accurate Laser Dosimetry: Pilot Study
Jill S.Waibel MD,a Ashley C. Rudnick,a Adam J.Wulkan MD,b and Jon D. Holmesc| |
Leon H. Kircik MD| |
While there are a number of products that can help healthy hair look healthier, shampoos or vitamins alone can’t truly regrow thinning hair. As dermatology providers, we realize this not only because we know the science, but because we see patients in the clinic every day who ask us how they can help to reverse hair loss and improve the quality of their hair.
Cryosurgical Treatment of Warts: Dimethyl Ether and Propane Versus Liquid Nitrogen -- Case Report and Review of the Literature
Amanda Abramson Lloyd MD| |
Dr. Osvaldo Vázquez-Martinez,a Dr. Kristian Eichelmann,b Dr. Martha García-Melendez,b Dr. Ivette Miranda,a Dr. Alberto Avila-Lozano,a Dr. David Vega,a and Dr. Jorge Ocampo-Candiania| |
OBJECTIVE: Determine the level of improvement of post-dermatological surgery scars.
METHODS: Thirty patients attending for excision lesion were recruited. They were randomized to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 scar was randomly divided into 2 parts, one half received PDL 595 nm on 3 occasions; the first after suture removal, 15 and 45 days. Group 2 in one half laser application was simulated while the other was left untreated. The Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used by an external evaluator to assess the scars. Two skin biopsies were also obtained one before and one after laser treatment.
RESULTS: The VSS at 45 days decreased in a significant way in the treatment group from 4 to 1 (P = .005). In the control group decreased from 2 to 1.3 (P = .056). No significant difference was found between the presence of inflammatory infiltrate of patients in the placebo group.
CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the usefulness of pulsed dye laser for improving the appearance of scars.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1209-1212.
News, Views, & Reviews
The Role of RNA Interference in Dermatology: Current Perspectives and Future Directions
Mariah Johnson MD, Ramin Fathi MD, and Theodore Alkousakis MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(10):1158-1165.
Danielle Tartar PhD,a Tina Bhutani MD,b Monica Huynh BA,c Timothy Berger MD,b and John Koo MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(5):564-568.
Melanie Tuerk MD, Heidi Goodarzi MD, Summer Youker MD| |
Lissy Hu BA,a Christina Alexander BA,b Nicole F. Velez MD,c F. Clarissa Yang MD,c
Alvaro Laga Canales MD MMSc,c,d Stephanie Liu MD,c and Ruth Ann Vleugels MD MPHc,
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(6):628-630.
Successful Treatment of Patients Previously Labeled as Having Delusions of Parasitosis With Antidepressant Therapy
Ashley Delacerda MD, Jason S. Reichenberg MD, and Michelle Magid MD
Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern, Austin, TX
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):1506-1507.
Divya Sharma BS,a Mary-Margaret Kober MD,b and Whitney P. Bowe MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(1):9-12.
Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies in Patients With Telogen Effluvium: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
Evelyn J. Cheung MD, Jacquelyn R. Sink MD, and Joseph C. English III MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(10):1235-1237.
Resident Rounds Part III: Calciphylaxis in the Setting of non-Hemodialysis, Rapid Weight Loss, and Mixed Hyperparathyroidism
Rachna Bhandari MD PhD| |
Georgia Schuller-Levis MD,a William Levis MD,b and Israel Dvoretzkyc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(10):1194-1196.
Scott F. Lindsey BS, Jonathan Weiss MD, Eric S. Lee MD, and Paolo Romanelli MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(7):869-871.
Emil A. Tanghetti MD,1 J. Mark Jackson MD,2 Kevin Tate Belasco DO MS,3 Amanda Friedrichs MD,4 Firas Hougier MD,5 Sandra Marchese Johnson MD,6 Francisco A. Kerdel MD,7 Dimitry Palceski DO FAOCD,8 H. Chih-ho Hong MD FRCPC,9 Anna Hinek MD MSc FRCPC,10 Maria Jose Rueda Cadena MD11| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(1):33-40.
Fridolin J. Hoesly MD and Jason C. Sluzevich MD| |
Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Efinaconazole 10% Solution in Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Severe Onychomycosis: Low Systemic Exposure Suggests Remote Drug-Drug Interaction Potential
Michael Jarratt MD,a William Jo Siu PhD DABT,b Eiko Yamakawa MS,c
Nobuyuki Kodera MS,c Radhakrishnan Pillai PhD,b and Kathleen Smith MBAb
METHODS: Two single-center, open-label studies in healthy volunteers and severe onychomycosis patients. Efinaconazole 10% solution was applied topically to all 10 toenails (0.42 mL total daily dose volume); administered as single and then 7 daily doses to 10 healthy volunteers, and once daily for 28 days to 19 severe onychomycosis patients. Plasma concentrations of efinaconazole and its major metabolite H3 were determined by LC-MS-MS at multiple timepoints. Safety evaluations were carried out throughout both studies.
RESULTS: The mean peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) of efinaconazole and H3 were 0.54 and 1.63 ng/mL, respectively, in healthy volunteers; and 0.67 and 2.36 ng/mL, respectively, in patients. Both parent drug and metabolite accumulated following repeat dosing, and reached steady state in plasma by 14 days. Efinaconazole was well tolerated in both studies; no drug-related adverse events were reported.
CONCLUSIONS: Efinaconazole 10% solution resulted in very low systemic exposures to efinaconazole and H3 when applied topically at maximum use conditions to healthy volunteer and onychomycosis patients’ toenails. Efinaconazole is a CYP inhibitor like other azole antifungals, and its lowest ki is 91 ng/mL for CYP2C9, a >130-fold higher concentration than the mean steady state Cmax observed in patients. The Cmax/ki ratio was 0.007, well below the threshold for clinical DDI evaluation as recommended in regulatory guidances, thereby suggesting efinaconazole 10% solution has remote potential for drug-drug interactions.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(9):1010-1016.
Kelly M. MacArthur MD,a Peter A. Merkel MD,c Abby S. Van Voorhees MD,b Jennifer Nguyen MD,b and Misha Rosenbach MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(3):359-362.
Shannon Famenini BS,a Nima M. Gharavi MD PhD,b and David P. Beynet MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(4):484-486.
Julia G. Hobson MD, Michael J. Cunningham MD, Kendra Lesiak MD MEd, Elizabeth B. Lester MD, Andrew R. Tegeder MD MS, Elizabeth Zeeck MD, Jeremy M. Hugh MD, and Julie H. Lin MD| |
BACKGROUND: Isotretinoin is an effective treatment for nodulocystic acne. Outside of required pregnancy testing, laboratory monitoring suggested by the manufacturers is vague. Dermatologists, therefore, monitor a variety of tests with variable frequency. Despite intense monitoring, the majority of patients do not have gross laboratory abnormalities that warrant changes in management.
OBJECTIVE: To survey US dermatologists regarding laboratory monitoring practices while prescribing isotretinoin.
METHODS: An online survey sent via e-mail to members of the American Academy of Dermatology.
RESULTS: 12,396 surveys were sent with a response rate of ~19%. At baseline >60% of responders check a CBC, LFTs, and a lipid panel. 74% check a monthly lipid panel and LFTs, while 57% check a monthly CBC. 75% report stopping isotretinoin when AST or ALT values reach 3 times normal; 89% report stopping at 4 times normal. When triglycerides reach 4 times normal, 72% stop the medication.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no consensus on isotretinoin monitoring tests and frequency, though the majority of dermatologists surveyed monitor a lipid panel and LFTs.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6):557-564.
Meredith K. Shaw,a Scott A. Davis MA,a Steven R. Feldman MD PhD,a,b,c and Alan B. Fleischer Jr. MDa| |
OBJECTIVE: To determine and analyze what courses of treatment and in what frequency are being utilized to combat psoriasis in the United States.
METHODS: Analysis of data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) of the National Center for Health Statistics. Data were analyzed to examine the prevalence of different therapy techniques to combat psoriasis from 1993 through 2010. The trends for phototherapy, methotrexate (MTX), retinoids, cyclosporine A (CSA), systemic steroids, and biologics were all analyzed over the entire 18-year period and independently before and after the introduction of biologics in 2002.
RESULTS: From 1993 to 2010, the trend for total systemic treatments has not significantly increased (P=0.5). Frequency of phototherapy treatments significantly decreased from 1993 to 2010 (P<0.001). Since the introduction of biologics in 2002, their frequency has significantly increased, becoming the most frequently used treatment from 2008-2010 (P<0.0001).
LIMITATIONS: Severity of psoriasis was not recorded in the NAMCS and NHAMCS.
CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of systemic treatments to treat psoriasis has not significantly increased from 1993 to 2010. Despite the introduction of biologics, it appears that little progress has been made in reducing under-treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(8):917-920.
Brian Berman MD PhD,a,b Charles Ellis MD,c and Craig Elmets MDd,*| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(2):224-228.
Rupatadine and Levocetirizine in Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria: A Comparative Study of Efficacy and Safety
Background: Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria is difficult to treat due to its persistent debilitating symptoms. New generation anti-histaminics are first line treatment for this condition. The aim of this study is to compare efficacy and safety of rupatadine and levocetirizine in chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Methods:A randomized, single blinded, single-centred, parallel group outdoor based clinical study was conducted in 70 patients of CIU to compare the two drugs. After initial clinical assessment and baseline investigations, rupatadine was prescribed to 35 patients and levocetirizine to another 35 patients for 4 weeks. At follow-up, the patients were re-evaluated and then compared using different statistical tools. Main outcome measures were DC eosinophil, Absolute Eosinophil Count (AEC), serum IgE, Total Symptom Score, Aerius Quality of Life Questionnaire score, and Global efficacy score.
Results:Rupatadine significantly improved patients′ clinical condition including symptom score from baseline to day 28. In rupatadine group, there was 27.9 percent decrease (P=0.027) in DC eosinophil, 35.6 percent decrease (P=0.036) in AEC, 15.3 percent decrease (P=0.024) in serum IgE, 28.2 percent decrease (P=0.02) in Total Symptom Scoring, and 27.3 percent decrease (P=0.006) in Aerius Quality of Life Questionnaire score. Global efficacy score of rupatadine was found to be significantly greater (P=0.009) than levocetirizine. The overall incidence of adverse drug reactions was also found to be less in rupatadine group
Conclusion: Rupatadine is a better choice in CIU in comparison to levocetirizine due to better efficacy and safety profile.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(12):1444-1450.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(10):1181-1192.
Successful Use of 1064 Nm Nd:YAG in Conjunction With 2790 Nm YSGG Ablative Laser for Traumatic Scarring
Rajiv I. Nijhawan MDa and Maritza I. Perez MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(1):80-81.
Robin Lewallen, MD| |
A Pilot, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of IncobotulinumtoxinA Injections in the Treatment of Rosacea
Steven H. Dayan MD,a,b,c Nazanin Ashourian PhD,a,b and Katherine Cho MPHa,b| |
BACKGROUND: Rosacea has a variable presentation. Whereas the pathophysiology may differ, erythema, and flushing are the most consistent findings in all patients.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of incobotulinumtoxinA in reducing the severity of rosacea symptoms.
METHODS: Nine subjects with erythematotelangiectactic or papulopustular rosacea were randomized in 2 groups. Subjects in Group 1 (n=4) received up to a total of 20 U of incobotulinumtoxinA in the affected area (across both cheeks). Subjects in Group 2 (n=5) were injected with equal volumes of a saline solution. Rosacea Clinical Scores and subject satisfaction were evaluated at baseline and at 1, 4, 12, and 16 weeks post-treatment. At week 16, both groups were injected with incobotulinumtoxinA. Follow-up visits were performed at 1 and 4 weeks post-retreatment.
RESULTS: Patients in Group 1 exhibited reduction in the primary features of rosacea within 4 weeks of treatment with incobotulinumtoxinA. Consistent with this observation, patients in Group 2 (who had received the placebo in the first arm without significant changes to their symptoms) exhibited reductions in all of the primary and some of the secondary features upon treatment with incobotulinumtoxinA.
CONCLUSIONS: IncobotulinumtoxinA may be a safe and effective agent to reduce the severity of rosacea symptoms and increase patient satisfaction.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6):549-554.
David E. Orbuch BS,c Lauren Penn MD MS,b Bradley S. Bloom MD,a,b Jeremy A. Brauer MD,a,b Daniel B. Shin MS PhD,d Joshua Greenbaum,a Leonard J. Bernstein MD,a,e Elliot T.Weiss MD,a,e Robert T. Anolik MD,a,b and Roy G. Geronemus MD1,2| |
Paclitaxel-Associated Subungual Pyogenic Granuloma: Report in a Patient With Breast Cancer Receiving Paclitaxel and Review of Drug-Induced Pyogenic Granulomas Adjacent to and Beneath the Nail
Subungual and periungual pyogenic granuloma occur in association with certain systemic medications. Paclitaxel is an antitumor drug of the taxane family used in the management of breast cancer. Taxanes have many associated nail changes that may occur in patients receiving either docetaxel or paclitaxel for systemic chemotherapy. The nail changes in a 68-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer who presented for nail changes after receiving 12 cycles of weekly paclitaxel are described herein: nail plate red-brown discoloration, onycholysis with leukonychia, proximal subungual hemorrhage, and subungual pyogenic granuloma. The literature on systemic medications associated with the development of subungual and periungual pyogenic granulomas is reviewed; drugs associated with the development of pyogenic granuloma at the locations include antineoplastics, antiretrovirals, epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, immunosuppressants and retinoids. In conclusion, subungual pyogenic granuloma can occur not only in patients receiving docetaxel, but also in patients treated with paclitaxel. And, paclitaxel should be included in the list of drugs associated with the occurrence of subungual pyogenic granuloma
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(2):262-268.
Tracey C. Vlahovic DPMa and Warren S. Joseph DPM FIDSAb| |
METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of 112 patients, aged 29-70 years, randomized to receive efinaconazole topical solution, 10% or vehicle from two identical multicenter, double-blind, vehicle-controlled 48-week studies evaluating safety and efficacy. The primary end point was complete cure rate (0% clinical involvement of target toenail, and both negative potassium hydroxide examination and fungal culture) at week 52.
RESULTS: Mycologic cure rates (OC) were significantly greater with efinaconazole (56.5% and 56.3% in diabetic and non-diabetic patients respectively) compared to vehicle (P=0.016 and P<0.001, respectively). The primary end point, complete cure, was also greater for efinaconazole (13.0% and 18.8%, respectively vs 3.7% and 4.7%). Treatment success (percent affected target toenail ≤10%) for efinaconazole was 40.8% and 47.7%, respectively vs 18.5% and 18.2% with vehicle. There was no statistically significant difference between the diabetic and non-diabetic populations for any efficacy endpoint. Adverse events associated with efinaconazole were local site reactions and clinically similar to vehicle.
CONCLUSIONS: Once daily efinaconazole topical solution, 10% may provide a useful topical option in the treatment of diabetic patients with onychomycosis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(10):1186-1190.
Shanna Spring MD and Ilona J. Frieden MD| |
Benjamin H. Kaffenberger MD, Stephanie K. Fabbro MD, and Katya L. Harfmann MD| |
Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to identify possible characteristic trichoscopy patterns of diseases leading to primary cicatricial alopecia.
Methods: Trichoscopy was performed in a total of 1,884 consecutive patients presenting with hair loss. In this group, 84 patients were diagnosed with cicatricial alopecia and 1,800 patients with non-cicatricial alopecia. Sixty healthy persons served as healthy controls. Trichoscopy was performed with the use of Fotofinder II videodermoscopy system. Following unique or characteristic features were identified: scattered dark-brown discoloration of the skin, large yellow dots and thick arborizing vessels in cutaneous (discoid) lupus erythematosus (n=20), tubular perifollicular scaling and elongated blood vessels in lichen planopilaris (n=28), minor perifollicular scaling in frontal fibrosing alopecia (n=19), tufted hairs with starburst pattern perifollicular hyperplasia in folliculitis decalvans (n=9) and large, "3D" yellow dots imposed over dystrophic hairs in dissecting cellulitis (n=8).
Results: All patients with cicatricial alopecia trichoscopy showed white and milky-red areas lacking follicular openings. These features were not found in patients with non-cicatricial alopecia or healthy controls.
Conclusion: These results indicate that trichoscopy may be applied as a quick and non-invasive auxiliary method in differential diagnosis of diverse diseases leading to cicatricial alopecia, such as cutaneous lupus erythematosus, classic lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, folliculitis decalvans, and dissecting cellulitis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(6):753-758
Jesse Lewin MD, Rachel Farley-Loftus MD, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz MD| |
The authors present a case of erythema multiforme-like drug reaction to the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib. While considered targeted therapy, multikinase inhibitors have been demonstrated to have various cutaneous effects. It is important to distinguish allergic reactions from adverse side effects as the latter may permit cautious re-challenge with medications that can potentially prolong survival in patients with advanced or metastatic disease.
J Drugs Dermatol.2011;10(12):1462-1463.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1069-1079.
Response to the Possibility of the Application of Topical Photodynamic Therapy Leading to Development of More Histologically Aggressive Subtypes of Basal Cell Carcinomas
Irene J. Vergilis-Kalner MD and Joel Cohen MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(1):70-72.
Turna İlknur MD,a Sevgi Akarsu MD,a
Saim Çarşanbalı MD,a Banu Lebe MD,b
and Emel Fetil MDa
Purpura and Fillers: A Review of Pre-Procedural, Intra-Procedural, and Post-Procedural Considerations
Todd E. Schlesinger MD,a Joel L. Cohen MD,b and Sarah Ellison| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(10):1138-1142.
Emily Stamell Ruiz MD,a Amber Ingram BS,b Angelo Landriscina BA,b Jiaying Tian MD MPH,b Robert S. Kirsner MD PhD,c and Adam Friedman MDb,d| |
OBJECTIVES: To identify United States (US) dermatology residents’ impressions regarding their preparedness to care for wounds, and to assess the amount and type of training devoted to wound care during residency.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: An online survey among current US dermatology residents enrolled in a residency training program.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary goal was to determine whether dermatology residents believe more wound care education is needed, evaluate preparedness to care for wounds, and identify future plans to manage wounds.
RESULTS: Responses were received from 175 of 517 (33.8%) US Dermatology residents contacted. The majority of residents did not feel prepared to manage acute (78.3%) and chronic (84.6%) wounds. Over three quarters (77.1%) felt that more education is needed. Fewer than half (49.1% and 35.4%) of residents planned to care for acute and chronic wounds, respectively, when in practice.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: There is a gap in wound care education in US dermatology residency training. This translates to a low percentage of dermatology residents planning to care for wounds in future practice. Dermatology residents need to receive focused wound care training in order to translate the underpinnings of wound healing biology and ultimately better serve patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):716-720.
Efficacy and Safety of Minoxidil 5% Foam in Combination With a Botanical Hair Solution in Men With Androgenic Alopecia
Terrence C. Keaney MD,a Hanh Pham MA,b Erika von Grote PhD,b and Matthew H. Meckfessel PhDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):406-412.
Elizabeth Lazaridou MD PhD, Christina Fotiadou MD, Christina Giannopoulou MD, Demetrios Ioannides MD PhD| |
The painful, erythematous and eroded vulva often proves to be a diagnostic problem both clinically and histologically. Its differential diagnosis includes both non-neoplastic and neoplastic diseases like Bowen's disease and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We report the case of a 62-year-old woman diagnosed, after considerable delay, with Bowen's disease of the vulva that eventually progressed to invasive SCC, despite the treatment with imiquimod 5% cream. Our case indicates, on one hand, that dermoscopy could contribute to the accuracy of the pre-operative clinical diagnosis. On the other hand it confirms the fact that treatment of Bowen's disease of the vulva could be rather intriguing. Although imiquimod 5% cream is an effective, non-invasive treatment option for large lesions or poor healing sites, it should be administered with great consideration in carefully selected cases.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(1):110-112.
Kenneth Beer MD PA,a Michael S. Beer,a and Danielle Applebaum MS IVb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(6):694-697.
Ana Rita Rodrigues-Barata MD and Francisco M. Camacho-Martínez MD| |
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the type and management of undesirable effects of nonanimal reticulated or stabilized HA observed in our cosmetic unit in the past 3 years.
MATERIALS and METHODS: The consecutive patients using HA attending to our clinic in the past 3 years were divided into 3 categories, according to the time of presentation of the adverse reactions: immediate, early, and late-onset complications. All patients were treated.
RESULTS: Twenty-three patients presented to our clinic complaining of complications after soft tissue augmentation with HA. Ten patients presented immediate-onset complications, 8 showed early-onset complications, and 5 cases complaint of late-onset complications. Treatment of the first group consisted of hyaluronidase injection, massage, and topical antibiotics. Early- and late-onset complications were treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide. All patients improved, with the exception of a woman with recurrent granulomas.
CONCLUSION: Generally, undesirable effects of HA (immediate, early, or late onset) are not frequent, and when present, they improve if treated properly. Physicians need to be aware of these possible adverse events in order to establish proper treatment and prevent scarring or other sequelae.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):e59-e62.
Why Is Rosacea Considered to Be an Inflammatory Disorder?
The Primary Role, Clinical Relevance, and Therapeutic Correlations of Abnormal Innate Immune Response in Rosacea-Prone Skin
The pathophysiology of rosacea has undergone renewed interest over the past decade, with a large body of evidence supporting the role of an abnormal innate immune response in rosacea. Many mechanisms interact with the cutaneous innate immune system that may be operative. A variety of potential triggers stimulate this immune detection system which is upregulated and hyper-responsive in facial skin of patients with rosacea as compared to normal skin. Based on the most current data, two conclusions have been reached. First, the major presentations of rosacea appear to be inflammatory dermatoses. Second, the presence of a microbial organism is not a primary or mandatory component of the pathogenesis of rosacea. Available therapies for rosacea exhibit reported modes of action that appear to correlate with the inhibition of inflammatory processes involved in the pathophysiology of at least some presentations of rosacea.
J Drugs Dermatol.2012;11(6):694-700.
Safety and Efficacy Evaluation of Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment, CO2 Ablative Fractional Resurfacing, and Combined Treatment for Surgical Scar Clearance
Joel L. Cohen MDa and Roy Geronemus MDb| |
Efficacy and Safety of Calcipotriene Plus Betamethasone Dipropionate Aerosol Foam in Patients With Psoriasis Vulgaris – a Randomized Phase III Study (PSO-FAST)
Craig Leonardi MD,a Jerry Bagel MD,b Paul Yamauchi MD,c David Pariser MD,d Zhenyi Xu MD,e Martin Olesen MD,e* Marie Louise østerdal MSc,e and Linda Stein Gold MDf| |
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of Cal/BD aerosol foam with aerosol foam vehicle in patients with psoriasis.
DESIGN: Phase III, double-blind, randomized PSO-FAST (Cal/BD foam in PSOriasis vulgaris, a Four-week, vehicle-controlled, efficacy And Safety Trial) study recruited patients with ≥ mild severity psoriasis of the trunk and/or limbs from 27 US outpatient sites (NCT01866163). Patients were randomized (3:1) to Cal/BD foam or vehicle once-daily for 4 weeks. Primary outcome: proportion of patients at week 4 who achieved treatment success according to physician’s global assessment. Secondary outcomes: modified (excluding head) psoriasis area and severity index (mPASI) and patient's assessment of itch (visual analog scale). Safety was monitored by adverse events/calcium homeostasis.
RESULTS: 426 patients enrolled between June and October 2013 (Cal/BD foam, n=323; vehicle, n=103). At week 4, significantly more patients using Cal/BD foam achieved treatment success versus vehicle (53.3 versus 4.8%; OR 30.3, 95% CI 9.7,94.3; P < .001) and mean mPASI score was significantly lower for patients using Cal/BD foam than vehicle (2.0 versus 5.5; adjusted difference –3.3, P <.001). Significantly greater itch relief was observed for patients using Cal/BD foam than vehicle (P = .010 at day 3, P < .001 from day 5). Adverse drug reactions were reported in 10 Cal/BD foam patients (3.1%) and two vehicle patients (1.9%); events occurred in one patient each except application site pain (Cal/BD foam, two patients; vehicle, one patient). There were no clinically significant changes in calcium homeostasis.
CONCLUSIONS: Cal/BD foam was efficacious, achieved rapid itch relief and was well tolerated in patients with body psoriasis. This innovative aerosol foam formulation is expected to become a valuable treatment option.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(12):1468-1477.
Comparison of Clindamycin 1% and Benzoyl Peroxide 5% Gel to a Novel Composition Containing Salicylic Acid, Capryloyl Salicylic Acid, HEPES, Glycolic Acid, Citric Acid, and Dioic Acid in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris
Leslie S. Baumann MD, CPI,a Kristian Figueras MS,a Amanda Dahl BS CCRA,b Margarita Yatskayer MS,b and Christian Oresajo PhDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(3):266-269.
Whitney P. Bowe MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(suppl 9):s133-s136.
Pollution as a Risk Factor for the Development of Melasma and Other Skin Disorders of Facial Hyperpigmentation ‑ Is There a Case to Be Made?
Wendy E. Roberts MD FAAD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(4):337-341.
Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa is a rare disorder characterized by dermal fibrosis, hyperkeratotic, verrucous, and papillomatous le- sions that result from both chronic filarial and nonfilarial lymphedema. Various treatment options have been reported for this disease. We present a 64-year-old man with erythrodermic psoriasis and elephantiasis nostras verrucosa in whom the lesions were resolved almost completely after acitretin treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(3):402-405.
Pilot Comparative Study of the Topical Action of a Novel, Crosslinked Resilient Hyaluronic Acid on Skin Hydration and Barrier Function in a Dynamic, Three-Dimensional Human Explant Model
Hema Sundaram MD,a Nicolas Mackiewicz PhD,b Emeline Burton MSc,b Laurent Peno-Mazzarino BSc,c Elian Lati PhD,c and Stéphane Meunier PhDb| |
METHODS: Standardized doses of each HA product were applied daily for 9 days to human skin explant surfaces. Untreated explants served as controls. Water content of the stratum corneum and entire epidermis was analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was measured to assess skin barrier function. Explant morphology and microrelief were evaluated by optical and scanning electron microscopy.
RESULTS: Crosslinked RHA achieved a significant increase in epidermal water content (7.6%) over the control. Spectral cartography confirmed a higher epidermal water content with RHA than with HMW HA or LMW HA. TEWL was reduced by 27.8% with RHA, and by 15.6% with HMW HA, but increased by 55.5% with LMW HA. Cutaneous microrelief improved with RHA. Corneocyte cohesion improved with RHA and HMW HA.
CONCLUSIONS: This comparative, multimodal study demonstrated greater benefits of topical crosslinked RHA over linear HMW HA or LMW HA in reducing TEWL, retaining and redistributing water within the epidermis, maintaining skin integrity, and improving skin barrier structure and function. RHA was a more efficacious humectant than LMW HA, and a more efficacious occlusive moisturizer than HMW HA. These integrative epidermal repair activities are of significant value for addressing primary deficits of aging skin, improving tolerance to retinoids and other topical agents, and optimizing procedural outcomes. A combination of topical and injectable HA provides an elegant model of synergistic, multi-level skin restoration.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):434-441.
Gretchen W. Frieling MD,a Noelle L. Williams BS,b Scott J. M. Lim DO,c and Seth I. Rosenthal MDd| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):481-484.
Douglas E. Kligman MD PhDa and Zoe D. Draelos MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to compare the efficacy for ameliorating photodamage of topical tretinoin (0.25%) and retinol (0.25%) to baseline and with each other when applied after a 30% salicylic acid peel on human facial skin.
METHODS: Twenty female subjects received a full face 30% SA peel followed by the overnight application of tretinoin to a 1 randomized half-face and retinol to the opposite side (split-face study). The identical procedure was repeated at week 2. Double-blinded subject and investigator assessments of the results were captured at weeks 2 and 4.
RESULTS: By investigator evaluation, both peeling regimens were effective in improving photodamage parameters compared to baseline. (ATRA P-values at week 4 were: P=.00008 texture, P=.00013 roughness, P=.00221 pores, P=.00098 dryness, P=.02770 erythema, and P=.00008 overall appearance. Retinol P-values at week 4 were: P=.00019 texture, P=.00053 roughness, P=.00221 pores, P=.00147 dryness, P=.02770 erythema, and P=.0043 overall appearance.) By subject self-assessment compared with baseline, both tretinoin and retinol were effective in improving overall appearance (ATRA P=.0229 and retinol P=.0190). By investigator evaluation comparing tretinoin with retinol, tretinoin was slightly better than retinol at week 4 in improving texture P=.00506, roughness P=.01171, and overall appearance P=.00506. By subject self-assessment comparing tretinoin with retinol, there was no difference in overall appearance (ATRA P=.2367 and retinol P=.3613).
CONCLUSION: Either topical tretinoin (0.25%) or retinol (0.25%) can be used safely and effectively when applied in office immediately after SA peeling to ameliorate signs of photoaging.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):442-450.
Jason J. Emer MD, Mary L. Stevenson MD, Orit Markowitz MD| |
Female-pattern androgenetic alopecia is a very common disorder that has been associated with extreme psychological morbidity. Few treatments have documented utility and many physicians are often overwhelmed with how little is pharmacologically available to treat this condition. Novel treatments that are effective, safe, less costly and simple are in high demand. We report a case of female-pattern androgenetic alopecia that failed to respond to a novel treatment with injected bimatoprost solution. Hypothetically, the treatment should have been effective and although we did not have success, this report suggests critical points to consider in the future of prostaglandin analogs, as well as other therapies being considered for the treatment of female-pattern hair loss.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(7):795-798.
Papulonodular Mucinosis in a Patient With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Antiphospholipid Syndrome
Sheetal Desai MD, Dorota Z. Korta PhD, Rishi R. Patel MD, and Miguel R. Sanchez MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(5):621-623.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(6):708-713.
Objective Melanin Measurements: Review of Novel Dosimetry Guidance Device for Intense Pulsed Light in Aesthetic Treatments
E. Victor Ross MD,a Travis W. Blalock MD,a Douglas Winstanley DO,a Joel L. Cohen MD,b and James J. Childs PhDc| |
METHODS: A handheld meter was applied to non sun-damaged skin on the back of volunteers to measure skin pigmentation prior to treatment with IPL light sources over a range of pulse widths and ascending fluences. Curves for maximum epidermal tolerances as a function of pigmentation were determined. These curves were then tabulated for each pulse width in device software to provide guidance in the selection of fluences. Based on these findings, the device was applied in over 300 patients at a comprehensive laser and cosmetic dermatology center.
RESULTS: A pigment meter evaluation led to treatment parameter guidance in intense pulsed light applications. These suggested ranges for settings based on the melanin index score proved useful, accurate, and safe in applications over a broad range of skin colors and across various anatomic units of the skin.
CONCLUSION: A pigment meter can be used to identify appropriate settings with IPL treatments in order to enhance safety and efficacy when treating epidermal pigmented lesions, vessels, general photodamage and excessive hair (where the principles of selective photothermolysis are applied).
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):421-432.
Evaluation of a New Adipocytolytic Solution: Adverse Effects and Their Relationship With the Number of Vials Injected
Hernán Pinto MD,a Carlota Hernández MD,b Cinara Turra MD,c Marisa Manzano MD,d
Laura Salvador MD,d Paloma Tejero MDe
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(12):1451-1455.
The Use of Photodynamic Therapy as Chemoprevention for the Treatment of Actinic Keratoses and Reduction in the Number of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers
Irene J. Vergilis-Kalner MDa and Joel L. Cohen MDb| |
Babu Singh MD,a Terrence Keaney MD,b and Anthony M. Rossi MDc,d| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1052-1059.
Noah Goldfarb MD,1,2 Kimberly Bohjanen MD,1,3 and Neal A. Foman MD1,3| |
News, Views and Reviews provides focused updates, topic reviews and editorials concerning the latest developments in dermatologic therapy.
Theresa N. Canavan MD and Boni E. Elewski MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(suppl 10):s42-s47.
Periungual Pyogenic Granuloma Following Imatinib Therapy in a Patient With Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Emi Dika MD, Alessia Barisani MD, Sabina Vaccari MD, Pier Alessandro Fanti MD, Alma Ismaili MD, and Annalisa Patrizi MD PhD| |
News, Views & Reviews. A Biopsy Diagnosis? Clinical Clues and Patterns to Help Distinguish Cutaneous Metastases: Part I of II
Karin Blecher BA and Adam Friedman MD| |
Carlos Galzote,a Mini Thomas PhD,b and Mukta Sachdev MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(10):1244-1248.
Deborah S. Sarnoff MD| |
aPeter K. Lee MD PhD and bAndrew Kloser PhD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(8):925-930.
Pterygium Inversum Unguis: Report of an Extensive Case With Good Therapeutic Response to Hydroxypropyl Chitosan and Review of the Literature
Roberta Marinho Falcão Gondim MD PhD,a,b Pedro Bezerra da Trindade Neto MD PhD,a and Robert Baran MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(3):344-346.
Randomized, Double-Blind, Split-Face Study Evaluating Fractional Ablative Erbium:YAG Laser-Mediated Trans-Epidermal Delivery of Cosmetic Actives and a Novel Acoustic Pressure Wave Ultrasound Technology for the Treatment of Skin Aging, Melasma, and Acne Scars
Macrene Alexiades MD PhDa,b| |
AIM: Evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel acoustic pressure wave ultrasound device following fractional ablative Er:YAG 2940-nm laser (FELR) and topical agents for rhytids, melasma, and acne scars.
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, parallel group split-face side-by-side, controlled study evaluating FELR and topical anti-aging and anti-pigment agents to entire face succeeded by ultrasound to randomized side. Fifteen subjects were enrolled to three treatment arms:rhytids, melasma, and acne scars. Two monthly treatments were administered with 1, 3, and 6 month follow-up. Efficacy was assessed by Comprehensive Grading Scale of Rhytids, Laxity, and Photoaging by Investigator and two blinded physician evaluators. Subject assessments, digital photographs, and reflectance spectroscopic analyses were obtained.
RESULTS: Rhytid severity was reduced from a mean of 3.25 to 2.60 on the 4-point grading scale. Spectrophotometric analysis demonstrated increases in lightness (L*) and reductions in redness (a*) and pigment (b*), with greater improvements on the ultrasound side as compared to FELR and topicals alone. Moderate erythema post-treatment resolved in 7 days and no serious adverse events were observed.
CONCLUSION: In this randomized, paired split-face clinical study, FELR-facilitated TED of topical anti-aging actives with ultrasound treatment is safe and effective with improvement in rhytids, melasma, and acne scars. Statistically significant greater improvement in pigment levels was observed on the ultrasound side as compared to FELR-TED and topical agents alone.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1191-1198.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1342-1346.
Suzanne Bruce MD,a Jwala Karnik MD,b Laurence Dryer PhD,c and David Burkholder PhDd| |
METHODS: Female subjects age 35-65 with Fitzpatrick Skin Type I-IV and mild to moderate amounts of photodamage, fine lines, and wrinkles used Regenica® Replenishing Crème and Regenica® Renew SPF 15 for 3 months. At each visit, photos were taken of subjects while investigators completed skin grading assessments and subjects completed self-assessments. Investigator assessments included evaluation of tactile roughness, visual texture, wrinkles, blotchiness, skin tone evenness, radiance, and translucence on a 5-point scale. Subjects’ self-assessments included assessment of fine lines and wrinkles, firmness, evenness of skin tone, brightness, resilience, clarity, and radiance. Changes from baseline were evaluated for each parameter and P values for changes from baseline to each study visit for investigator’s assessments and to end-of-study for self-assessments were calculated.
RESULTS: Eighteen of 21 enrolled female subjects completed the study. Three subjects chose to drop from the study. Statistically significant improvements in investigator assessments of tactile roughness, visual texture, wrinkles, blotchiness, skin tone evenness, radiance and translucency compared to baseline were observed at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after initiating treatments. Progressive improvement was seen through the last study visit (visit 5, week 12). Similar statistically significant improvements in subjects’ self-assessments were seen comparing the first post-baseline visit (visit 2, week 2) to subsequent visits. 93.5 % subjects agreed (somewhat or strongly) with all of the positive subject assessment statements at week 12. Importantly, 100 % of subjects indicated at the end of the study that they would recommend the product to a friend and would want to purchase the product. No treatment-related adverse events were recorded during the study.
CONCLUSIONS: Regenica was safe and clinically effective in reducing anti-aging effects in this group of female subjects aged 35-65 years as measured by both investigator assessments and subjects’ self-assessments.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(9):1074-1081.
Selective Radiofrequency Therapy as a Non-Invasive Approach for Contactless Body Contouring and Circumferential Reduction
Kateřina Fajkošová MUDr,a Alena Machovcová MD PhD MBA,b,c Meltem Onder MD,d and Klaus Fritz MDd,e| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(3):291-296.
The authors report a female patient with recalcitrant ulcerated necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) that was resistant to numerous systemic agents and who responded to treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), leading to resolution of the ulcerated areas for several months. Subsequent treatment with two further courses of IVIG was less effective, but a course of intravenous methylprednisolone led to regression of the lesions. As well as briefly reviewing the literature on treatments used to treat ulcerated NL, we outline the pathological mechanisms thought to be involved in the condition and how the modes of action of IVIG might explain its apparent efficacy in this case. As far as we are aware, the response of ulcerated NL to IVIG or methylprednisolone has not been reported previously, although other systemic preparations of corticosteroids have been used.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(2):256-259.
Reduction of Facial Redness With Resveratrol Added to Topical Product Containing Green Tea Polyphenols and Caffeine
Georgina Ferzli MD MS, Mital Patel MD, Natasha Phrsai BS, and Neil Brody MD PhD| |
METHODS: Subjects (n=16) presenting with facial redness applied the resveratrol-enriched product twice daily to the entire face. Reduction in redness was evaluated by trained staff members and dermatology house staff officers. Evaluators compared clinical photographs and spectrally enhanced images taken before treatment and at 2-week intervals for up to 12 weeks.
RESULTS: 16 of 16 clinical images showed improvement and 13 of 16 spectrally enhanced images were improved. Reduction in facial redness continued to evolve over the duration of the study period but was generally detectable by 6 weeks of treatment. Adverse effects were not observed in any subject.
CONCLUSION: The skin product combination of resveratrol, green tea polyphenols, and caffeine safely reduces facial redness in most patients by 6 weeks of continuous treatment and may provide further improvement with additional treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):770-774.
Tolerance and Efficacy of a Product Containing Ellagic and Salicylic Acids in Reducing Hyperpigmentation and Dark Spots in Comparison With 4% Hydroquinone
Amanda Dahl BS, Margarita Yatskayer MS, Susana Raab BS, and Christian Oresajo PhD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):52-58.
Treatment of Vitiligo With a Melanocyte-Keratinocyte Cell Suspension Versus Dermabrasion Only: A Pilot Study With a 12-Month Follow Up
Background: Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure that has been used for repigmentation; however, autologous transplantation of uncultured melanocytes in a suspension combined with the use of adjunct treatment provides better results.
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of dermoabrasion (DA) and melanocyte-keratinocyte cell suspension transplantation (DA+MKT) vs. dermabrasion with no adjunct treatment.
Materials and Methods: We selected 11 patients (six women and five men) with stable vitiligo. From these, two achromic maculae of similar size were selected. One macule was treated with DA+MKT and the other with DA only. The main parameter of treatment efficacy was the percentage of repigmentation in the area treated, three and 12 months after implantation.
Results: In seven of the 11 patients, slightly better pigmentation occurred with DA+MKT. Two of these patients had a repigmentation greater than 50 percent and in two other patients, the result was similar for both techniques, although slightly better with MKT. Two more patients showed less than 20 percent repigmentation, but only in the area treated with DA+MKT. One patient showed pigmentation initially after DA+MKT only, and subsequent depigmentation.
Conclusion: DA+MKT produced slightly better repigmentation than DA only when given without adjunct treatment in a 12-month follow-up period.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):1032-1036.
Efficacy and Safety of Minoxidil 2% Solution in Combination With a Botanical Hair Solution in Women With Female Pattern Hair Loss/Androgenic Alopecia
Amy McMichael MD,a Hanh Pham MA,b Erika von Grote PhD,c and Matthew H. Meckfessel PhDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):398-404.
Spotlight on the Use of Nitric Oxide in Dermatology: What Is It? What Does It Do? Can It Become an Important Addition to the Therapeutic Armamentarium for Skin Disease?
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCD FAADa,b,c and Leon Kircik MDd,e,f,g| |
Aesthetic Applications of Calcium Hydroxylapatite Volumizing Filler: An Evidence-Based Review and Discussion of Current Concepts: (Part 1 of 2)
Jason Emer MD FAADa and Hema Sundaram MD FAADb| |
METHODS: The first article of this two-part series provides an evidence-based review of study data pertaining to the mechanism of action and biocompatibility of CaHA filler, and its safety, efficacy and tolerability when used for aesthetic purposes. The review includes data from a number of prospective, controlled comparative studies, from several retrospective studies, and from a meta-analysis of reported complications from alloplastic filler procedures over a 20-year period. The study methodology and number of study subjects are sufficiently robust to provide a high Evidence Level for much of the data.
RESULTS: CaHA has good safety, efficacy and tolerability profiles that are comparable to those of hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers. It provides an initial, immediate volume replacement for up to 12 months followed by longer term correction due to biostimulation, resulting in collagenesis. Evidence Level II studies show longevity of 30 months or more after nasolabial fold implantation. Other studies demonstrate the appropriateness of CaHA filler for volume restoration to areas including the mid face, lower face and hands. CaHA is classified as an adjustable filler, whereas HA is fully reversible by hyaluronidase digestion. For this reason, and also because of CaHA's high viscosity and elasticity, evidence-based and experiential consensus suggests its avoidance in highly mobile areas (e.g. lips) or in anatomically unforgiving areas (e.g. the periocular region), where there may be increased incidence of nodules.
CONCLUSION: CaHA filler is safe, efficacious and well-tolerated when used appropriately. It is increasingly recognized that many patients require pan-facial volume restoration, and that many can benefit from combined treatments. Therefore, CaHA and HA fillers may be considered complementary rather than competitive to each other. The second article of this series offers a discussion of product characteristics, scientific principles and injection techniques to optimize treatment with CaHA filler, including special considerations for avoidance and management of complications.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(12):1345-1354.
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disorder seen in dermatology and primary care offices today with significant associated morbidity. The pathogenesis of acne is complex and multifactorial, and there continues to be an influx of new information to increase our understanding of this chronic disease. Recent advances in acne pathogenesis will be discussed, including theories regarding the sequence of events in acne formation, the functions of P. acnes, TLR involvement and role of the sebaceous gland and factors influencing sebum production.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(6):582-585.
Neal D. Bhatia MDa and James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCDb| |
The pathophysiology of papulopustular rosacea (PPR) is primarily characterized by inflammation associated with several factors such as abnormal innate immune response, neurovascular dysregulation, stratum corneum barrier dysfunction, and depletion of antioxidant reserve, with no definitive evidence supporting an underlying microbial etiology. Several molecular inflammatory pathways have now been identified that enable the development of therapeutic agents that target the signs and symptoms of disease by modifying specific pathophysiological mechanisms. Available evidence demonstrates that topical and oral agents commonly used to treat PPR appear to modify some of these pathophysiological mechanisms and may prove to be complimentary when used in combination potentially leading to better therapeutic outcomes.
During the past two decades, six clinical studies have been published on the benefits of combining oral and topical therapies for PPR. Four studies suggest that doxycycline, including anti-inflammatory dose doxycycline (doxycycline 40 mg modified-release capsule once daily) can be combined with topical metronidazole or azelaic acid in patients with PPR to achieve more rapid control of a flare. At present, subantimicrobial dosing of a tetracycline agent that also maintains anti-inflammatory activity has only been established with doxycycline. Although antibiotic doses of tetracycline agents (such as doxycycline, minocycline, and tetracycline) are known to be effective for PPR, the use of subantimicrobial dosing of doxycycline avoids the risk of antibiotic resistance.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(7):838-844.
Ted Rosen M.D.| |
Within a relatively short period of time after the first antimicrobial drugs were introduced, bacteria began exhibiting varying degrees of resistance. The excessive use (and abuse) of antibiotics in agriculture, and in both human and veterinary medicine, has played a critical causative role in the development of antibiotic resistance, which is now recognized as a global public health threat. Increasing concern over this issue should impact the practice of cutaneous medicine and surgery, as dermatologists can easily adopt new healthcare delivery patterns that might reduce the development of antibiotic resistance and still achieve acceptable treatment outcomes. Dermatologists should seriously consider any and all alternative therapies before committing to an extended course of antibiotic therapy for disease entities that are almost certainly not infectious. Conversely, dermatologists should carefully and closely adhere to dosage and duration recommendations when using antibiotics to treat a bona fide infectious disorder.
J Drugs Dermatol.2011;10(7):724-733.
Jonathan S. Weiss, MD and Joel S. Savin, MD| |
This article will examine the individual agents used in combination for acne management, and discuss the mechanisms by which they achieve efficacy. The rationale of utilizing topical retinoids with antibiotics will be highlighted, particularly in relation to improved tolerance and reduced irritation.
Rosacea Fulminans With Extrafacial Lesions in an Elderly Man: Successful Treatment With Subantimicrobial-Dose Doxycycline
Lauren A. Smith MD, Shane A. Meehan MD, and David E. Cohen MD MPH| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(6):763-765.
Jennifer V. Nguyen MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(suppl 1):s12-s16.
Tatjana Pavicic MD,a Konstantin Frank,b Katharina Erlbacher PhD,c Romy Neuner,b Stefan Targosinski MD,d Thilo Schenck MD PhD,b Robert H. Gotkin MD FACS,e and Sebastian Cotofana MD PhDf| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(9):866-872.
A Substitute for Skin Grafts, Flaps, or Internal Tissue Expanders in Scalp Defects Following Tumor Ablative Surgery
Moris Topaz MD,a,b Narin-Nard Carmel BSc,c Guy Topaz BSc,c Isaac Zilinsky MDd| |
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of the TopClosure® system in primary closure of moderate and large scalp defects, as a substitute for skin grafts, flaps, and tissue expanders.
METHODS: We report a retrospective series of 8 patients requiring resection of 9 scalp tumors resulting with moderate to large size defects that otherwise would have required reconstruction with skin grafts, flaps, or tissue expanders. TopClosure® was applied for intraoperative cycles of stress-relaxation, followed, when indicated, by additional steps of mechanical creep and scar secure.
RESULTS: Skin defects, averaging 3.5 cm, were managed by TopClosure®, enabling, primary closure in all wounds. Immediate wound edge approximation was reached through stress-relaxation in 2 wounds by heavy tension sutures within one hour. Further skin stretching by mechanical creep was required in 7 wounds, achieving staged primary closure in an outpatient setting. TopClosure® was further applied to secure the skin for up to 3 weeks following surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The TopClosure system, effectively, aided closure of moderate and large scalp defects by stress-relaxation and mechanical creep and serving as a topical tension-relief platform for tension sutures, allowing mobilization of skin and subcutaneous tissue without undermining or need of drainage, for early, direct wound closure. Local complications were minimal and donor site morbidity was eliminated. Surgical time, hospital stay and costs were reduced, and post-operative wound aesthetics were improved.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(1):48-55.
Open Label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Re-Treatment With Etanercept in Patients With Psoriasis
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the re-treatment with etanercept in patients with a history of etanercept use with good response and secondary loss of efficacy.
Methods: This is an open label prospective study involving 20 patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, who had been initially treated with etanercept and were re-treated after a variable interval with 50 mg BIW for 12 weeks.
Results: At week 12 of etanercept re-treatment, 13 of 20 patients (65%) achieved a PGA score of 2 or less and 40% (8 of 20), achieved a PGA score of 0 to 1. Etanercept was well tolerated and no serious adverse events were reported.
Limitations: Our study involved a small number of patients. Failure of etanercept was establish by patient's history. However we were able to correlate such failure from our medical records in 17 patients.
Conclusions: Re-treatment with etanercept, after secondary loss of efficacy should be considered in patients with psoriasis if satisfactory therapy cannot be achieved with other therapeutic regimens.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(8):950-954.
The Sequence of Inflammation, Relevant Biomarkers, and the Pathogenesis of Acne Vulgaris: What Does Recent Research Show and What Does it Mean to the Clinician?
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCDa and Leon H. Kircik MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(suppl 8):s109-s115.
A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial of 20% Alpha/Poly Hydroxy Acid Cream to Reduce Scaling of Lesions Associated With Moderate, Chronic Plaque Psoriasis
Kristie L. Akamine MD,a Cheryl J. Gustafson MD,a Brad A. Yentzer MD,a Brenda L. Edison BA,d Barbara A. Green RPh MS,d Scott A. Davis MA,a and Steven R. Feldman MD PhDa,b,c| |
PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of topical 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxy acid versus standard salicylic acid to reduce scaling in patients with moderate, chronic psoriasis.
METHODS: Twenty-five subjects with moderate, chronic psoriasis were enrolled in a 2-week, double-blind, left-right, randomized, bilateral comparison clinical trial to compare the efficacy of 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxy acid emollient versus 6% salicylic acid cream and 24 were randomized/completed. Clinical evaluations to assess the severity of psoriasis and scaling were performed using a 6-point scale prior to treatment, as well as following 1 and 2 weeks of therapy.
RESULTS: Twenty-four participants completed the study. Both 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxy acid emollient and 6% salicylic acid cream were efficacious in reducing scale of psoriatic lesions. The topical 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxyacid reduced scaling at a faster rate; however, following 2 weeks of treatment the efficacy of both products were relatively the same.
CONCLUSION: 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxyacid is as efficacious as salicylic acid in regards to the de-scaling of psoriatic plaques. Additionally, 20% alpha-hydroxy/polyhydroxyacid cream may yield quicker results and less toxicity than salicylic acid.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(8):855-859.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1059-1068.
Charles W. Lynde MD FRCPC and Anneke Andriessen PhD| |
METHODS: Prior to the consensus meeting, the panel members filled out a survey on their current practice using topical treatment for acne. A literature review was carried out using information obtained from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, and EMBASE. During a consensus meeting organized at the Spring Dermatology Update on April 27, 2014 in Toronto, ON, the panel had a blind vote on the issues at hand.
RESULTS: The panel reached consensus on: 1) Antibiotics are an integral part of acne treatment not only due to their antibiotic effect but also by their anti-inflammatory action. 2) Oral antibiotics should be used for a short period of time if possible. 3) Topical antibiotics should not be used in monotherapy. 4) Retinoids are effective in reducing antibiotic resistance. 5) A benzoyl peroxide wash is as effective as topical benzoyl peroxide in reducing antibiotic resistance. 6) Therapy needs to be re-evaluated in 6-8 weeks versus 12 weeks. The recommendations given by the panel are to be disseminated to both general practitioners and dermatologists.
CONCLUSION: For mild to moderate acne treatment, topical antibiotics in monotherapy are not to be used but may be combined with a retinoid or BPO to safely achieve more successful outcomes.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(11):1358-1364.
Z. Paul Lorenc MD FACS,a Thomas Greene MD,b and Ronald W. Gottschalk MD FAAD FRCPCc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(6):759-762.
Lana X. Tong MD MPH and Jeremy A. Brauer MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(11):1095-1102.
Deborah S. Sarnoff MD FAAD FACP| |
Management of Rosacea-Prone Skin: Evaluation of a Skincare Product Containing Ambophenol, Neurosensine, and La Roche-PosayThermal Spring Water as Monotherapy or Adjunctive Therapy
Sophie Seité PhD,a Florence Benech PharmD,b Sandrine Berdah PhD,b Muriel Bayer PharmD,b Sophie Veyrat PharmD,b Evelyne Segot PharmD PhD,b Marcela Sakalikova Mgr,c Lucia Gibejova Mgr,c Hana Zelenkova MD PhDc| |
METHODS: Several studies were performed to evaluate the efficacy of this product in the management of rosacea prone skin, as either monotherapy or adjunctive therapy or to maintain the efficacy of a Metronidazole treatment. The first study was performed on 37 women aged 18-45 with added stage 2 erythro-couperosis, who applied test formula as monotherapy twice a day for 4 weeks. During a second study, a dermatological evaluation was performed on patients with stage I or II rosacea, a questionnaire containing information about patient characteristics, tolerance, clinical signs, symptoms and skin reactivity to “trigger factors” was completed by dermatologists at baseline and 2 months after treatment with the test formula as either monotherapy or adjunctive therapy. Finally, in a third study, 65 patients finishing a Metronidazole treatment applied once daily and the tested formula twice daily were divided into 2 groups using the test formula or vehicle control, twice a day for 8 weeks for the evaluation of efficacy as adjunctive therapy.
RESULTS: We noted that the test formula, as an adjunctive therapy, helped prolong the efficacy of a Metronidazole treatment. In monotherapy, there was a significant efficacy of the test formula associated with an excellent tolerance. A significant improvement of all the clinical signs and symptoms of rosacea and a reduction of the skin reactivity to "trigger factors" were shown.
CONCLUSIONS: These studies highlight the interest value and impact of a skincare product containing Ambophenol, Neurosensine, and La Roche-Posay thermal spring water formulated in a highly protective packaging in monotherapy or in combination with or after a therapeutic treatment in the management of patients suffering from rosacea.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(8):920-924.
Vic A. Narurkar MD,a Sabrina G. Fabi MD FAAD FAACS,b Vivian W. Bucay MD FAAD,c Ruth Tedaldi MD,d Jeanine B. Downie MD,e Joshua A. Zeichner MD,f Kimberly Butterwick MD,g Amy Taub MD,h Kuniko Kadoya PhD,i Elizabeth T. Makino BS MBA CCRA,i Rahul C. Mehta PhD,i and Virginia L. Vega PhDi| |
SkinMedica’s HA5 Rejuvenating Hydrator (SkinMedica Inc., an Allergan company, Irvine, CA) promotes restoration of endogenous epidermal HA homeostasis and provides instant smoothing and hydration of the skin. These dual benefits are accomplished through the combination of 2 breakthrough technologies: 1) a unique blend of actives powered by SkinMedica proprietary flower-derived stem cell extract that restores the endogenous production of HA; and 2) a proprietary mix of 5 HA forms that plump the skin, decreasing the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles.
Pre-clinical studies demonstrated that HA5 induces expression of key epidermal differentiation and barrier markers as well as epidermal HA synthases. A decrease expression of hyaluronidases was also observed upon HA5 application. Initial clinical studies showed that within 15 minutes of application, HA5 instantly improves the appearance of fine lines/wrinkles and skin hydration. Subjects that continue using HA5 (for 8 weeks) demonstrated significant improvements in fine lines/wrinkles, tactile roughness, and skin hydration. In summary, the blend of these 2 key technologies present in HA5 promotes restoration of endogenous epidermal HA while delivering instant smoothing effects.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(1 Suppl 2):s24-s37.
Eruptive Squamous Cell Carcinomas With Keratoacanthoma-like Features in a Patient Treated with Sorafenib
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(3):308-310.
Scott A. Davis MA,a Brad A. Yentzer MD,a and Steven R. Feldman MD PhDa,b,c| |
PURPOSE: To determine the demographics of acitretin prescribing patterns as an assessment of acitretin use in women of child-bearing potential.
METHODS: We examined National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) data from the years 1990-2009 to determine demographic data on patients who were prescribed etretinate or acitretin. We used age under 50 as a proxy for childbearing potential.
RESULTS: From 1996-2009, there were an estimated 29 million office visits for psoriasis. Females accounted for 14.3 million of these visits, and 6.5 million (45.6%) of them were under the age of 50. The NAMCS contained only one record of a female patient under the age of 50 being prescribed acitretin from 1996-2009, the years during which acitretin had been available in the United States. This corresponds to an estimated 2.3% of all psoriasis patients prescribed acitretin during this time (20,000 out of 890,000).
LIMITATIONS: The NAMCS estimates national trends based on a large nationwide database. While the use of acitretin in women under 50 is low, the precision of the estimate is limited by the small sample size provided by this database.
CONCLUSIONS: There are now many alternative treatments besides acitretin for women of childbearing potential with moderate to severe psoriasis. Acitretin is used at most infrequently in this population. In females of reproductive potential, acitretin should be reserved for non-pregnant patients who are unresponsive to other therapies or whose clinical condition contraindicates the use of other treatments.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):799-802.
Aimee Krausz BA and Adam J. Friedman MD| |
The Role of a Midpotency Topical Corticosteroid and the Clinical Relevance of Formulation Characteristics in the Management of Commonly Encountered Eczematous and Inflammatory Dermatoses in Adults and Children:Focus on the Pharmacologic Properties of Clocortolone Pivalate 0.1% Cream
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCDa and Leon H. Kircik MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2)(suppl):s5-s10.
Raza Aly PhD,a Aditya K. Gupta MD PhD,b,c Tate Winter PhD,d Lee T. Zane MD,e Tracey Vlahovic DPMf| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(10):1016-1021.
Andrea Chiricozzi MD,a Francesca Specchio MD,b Annunziata Dattola MD,b Monika Fida MD,c
Luca Bianchi MD,b and Sergio Chimenti MD,b
and Rosita Saraceno MDb
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to detect electrophoretic abnormalities in psoriatic patients undergoing treatment with infliximab.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective study evaluating all charts from the clinic database of all patients treated with infliximab. The evaluation of serum protein profile is routinely performed in the clinical setting during biologic therapies. We reported the occurrence MGUS in infliximab-treated patients.
RESULTS: The study analysis included 141 charts. Overall, 23 patients showed a MGUS in their electrophoretic profile, though in 6 cases MGUS was detected at the baseline. Thereby, 17 cases (12.06% of the study population) developed MGUS during infliximab therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum protein electrophoresis test represents a useful tool to detect and monitor any potentially harmful condition that could occur during treatment with a biologic agent. Particularly, it could be crucial for the detection of MGUS, which does not affect clinical response, and it does not represent a criteria to withdraw the treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(2):134-138.
A Phase III, Multicenter, Parallel-Design Clinical Trial to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of 5% Minoxidil Foam Versus Vehicle in Women With Female Pattern Hair Loss
Wilma Bergfeld MD,a Ken Washenik MD PhD,b,c Valerie Callender MD,d Paul Zhang PhD,e Carlos Quiza MD,e Uday Doshi PhD,e and Ulrike Blume-Peytavi MDf| |
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of once-daily 5% MTF with vehicle foam for the treatment of FPHL.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a Phase III, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group, international multicenter trial (17 sites) in women aged at least 18 years with FPHL (grade D3 to D6 on the Savin Density Scale), treated once daily with 5% MTF or vehicle foam for 24 weeks. The co-primary efficacy endpoints were the change from baseline at week 24 in target area hair count (TAHC) and subject assessment of scalp coverage. Also evaluated were TAHC at week 12, expert panel review of hair regrowth at week 24, and change from baseline in total unit area density (TUAD, sum of hair diameters/cm2) at weeks 12 and 24.
RESULTS: A total of 404 women were enrolled. At 12 and 24 weeks, 5% MTF treatment resulted in regrowth of 10.9 hairs/cm2 and 9.1 hairs/cm2 more than vehicle foam, respectively (both P<.0001). Improved scalp coverage at week 24 was observed by both subject self-assessment (0.69-point improvement over vehicle foam; P<.0001) and expert panel review (0.36-point improvement over the vehicle foam; P<.0001). TUAD increased by 658 μm/cm2 and 644 μm/cm2 more with 5% MTF than with vehicle foam at weeks 12 and 24, respectively (both P<.0001). MTF was well tolerated. A low incidence of scalp irritation and facial hypertrichosis was observed, with no clinically significant differences between groups.
CONCLUSION: Five percent MTF once daily for 24 weeks was well tolerated and promoted hair regrowth in women with FPHL, resulting in improved scalp coverage and increased hair density compared with vehicle foam. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: nCT01226459
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):874-881.
Investigator-Blinded, Single-Center Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Tolerability of a 4% Hydroquinone Skin Care System Plus 0.02% Tretinoin Cream in Mild-to-Moderate Melasma and Photodamage
Marta Rendon MD FAADa and Laurence Dryer PhDb| |
METHODS: Single-center, investigator-blinded study in 39 adult females with mild-to-moderate epidermal melasma, mild-to-marked pigmentation intensity, and Fitzpatrick skin type III to VI treated for 24 weeks. Improvements in melasma severity, pigmentation intensity, photodamage, and patient satisfaction were assessed at weeks 4, 8, 12, 18, and 24. Cutaneous tolerability was assessed by investigator (erythema, dryness, peeling) and patients (burning and stinging). Adverse events (AEs) were monitored throughout.
RESULTS: Melasma severity, pigmentation intensity, and melasma area and severity index (MASI) scores relative to baseline were all significantly reduced from week 4 onward (P<.001). In addition, signs of facial photodamage were significantly improved. At week 24, 87.9% of patients were “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with the overall treatment effectiveness and Quality of Life (QoL) was much improved. No patient discontinued due to lack of efficacy or treatment-related AEs. One patient (2.8%) reported severe cutaneous intolerability (erythema at week 4).
CONCLUSION: Treating mild-to-moderate melasma using a 4% hydroquinone skin care system plus 0.02% tretinoin cream can significantly reduce the severity and intensity of melasma and associated pigmentation, and improve signs of photodamage within four weeks. Treatment was generally well tolerated and associated with high levels of patient satisfaction.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):466-475.
Efficacy and Tolerability of a Skin Brightening/Anti-Aging Cosmeceutical Containing Retinol 0.5%, Niacinamide, Hexylresorcinol, and Resveratrol
Patricia Farris MD,a Joshua Zeichner MD,b and Diane Berson MDc| |
The use of this skin brightening/anti-aging cosmeceutical was found to provide statistically significant improvements in all efficacy endpoints by study end. Fine lines, radiance, and smoothness were significantly improved as early as week 2 (P<.001). By week 4, hyperpigmentation, overall skin clarity, evenness of skin tone, and wrinkles showed statistically significant improvement compared to baseline. Mild retinoid dermatitis including flaking and redness occurred early in the study as reflected by tolerability scores. By week 10, subjects reported no stinging, itching, dryness, or tingling.
The results of this open-label clinical study suggest that a topical cream containing retinol 0.5% in combination with niacinamide, resveratrol, and hexylresorcinol is efficacious and tolerable for skin brightening/anti-aging when used with a complementary skin care regimen including SPF 30 sun protection.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):863-868.
An Open Label, Phase 2 Study of MABp1 Monotherapy for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris and Psychiatric Comorbidity
Daniel Carrasco MD,a Michael Stecher MD,b Gigi Claire Lefebvre MD,c Alan C. Logan ND,d Ronald Moy MDe| |
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of interleukin 1 alpha blockade in patients with moderate to severe acne vulgaris using the true human monoclonal antibody MABp1.
METHODS: Eleven patients were administered open-label, subcutaneous injections of MABp1 over a six-week period. Objectives were assessment of safety, change in inflammatory lesion count and change in psychosocial functioning using two validated questionnaires.
RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events, or adverse events greater than grade I. Median inflammatory lesion counts decreased 36% (IQR -44% to 1%). Anxiety scores improved (from median 6 to 1) as well as self-image assessment (2.3±0.9 to 2.1±0.1) as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the modified Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire.
CONCLUSION: Patients had rapid improvement of skin lesions, as well as psychosocial functioning and anxiety. MABp1 may provide a safe and effective means for treating inflammatory acne lesions and. Further studies using this antibody are warranted in this patient population.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(6):560-564.
Review of Periorbital and Upper Face: Pertinent Anatomy, Aging, Injection Techniques, Prevention, and Management of Complications of Facial Fillers
Julie Woodward MD| |
Natalie A. Wright MDa and Philip R. Cohen MDb-d| |
Fixed drug eruption, a medication-associated mucocutaneous reaction, rarely presents as a delayed adverse reaction to intravenous non-ionic contrast media. We describe a 57-year-old woman with a history of metastatic renal cell carcinoma who repeatedly developed a sharply demarcated, erythematous patch on her left breast after receiving the iodinated non-ionic contrast media iohexol for staging computed tomography scans. Recurrent fixed drug eruption may be avoided by using another contrast medium. Prophylactic treatment with systemic corticosteroids may prevent repeated fixed drug eruption if an alternative contrast agent cannot be used.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(7):802-804.
Joshua A. Farhadian,a Bradley S. Bloom,b and Jeremy A. Brauera,b,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1029-1034.
Allison P. Weinkle BS,a Bryan Sofen MD,b and Jason Emer MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1215-1228.
Michèle Verschoore MDa,b and Marion Nielsen PharmDa| |
Anti-aging cosmetics are a mainstay in the skin care regimen irrespective of gender or human ethnics. Skin aging involves functional slowdown combined with environmental induced alterations. This paper focuses on cosmetic ingredients that aim at alleviating the signs of skin aging, with proven/controlled results of efficacy. Anti-aging skin care widely benefits from new ingredients and modern evaluation methods that can substantiate the effects of innovative products in a perceivable and sensitive manner. Our approach in controlling skin aging consists of following steps: 1) Developing novel testing methods; 2) Preventing photo-aging by sunscreens that protect from UV damage; 3) Protecting and restoring skin from damage induced by environmental exposure through active ingredients; 4) Boosting the cell metabolism and cell renewal to restore skin mechanical properties and improved appearance.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6 Suppl):s94-97.
Early Treatment With Nonsucrose Intravenous Immunoglobulin in a Burn Unit Reduces Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Mortality
Daniel J. Aires MD JD,a Garth Fraga MD,b Richard Korentager MD,c Coleman P. Richie MD,d Smita Aggarwal MD,e Jo Wick PhD,f and Deede Y. Liu MDa| |
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of treating TEN with early nonsucrose IVIG in a burn unit.
METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 13 IVIG-treated TEN patients admitted to a burn unit over a 6-year period.
RESULTS: We report 0% mortality among 13 IVIG-treated TEN patients. Mortality was significantly lower than predicted by SCORTEN. Mortality was also significantly lower than the EuroSCAR groups receiving IVIG (P<.005), supportive care (P<.018), and corticosteroids only (P<.046).
CONCLUSION: TEN patients may benefit from early nonsucrose IVIG administered in burn units or other specialized settings.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(6):679-684.
Alejandra Vivas MD,a Joshua D. Fox BS,a Katherine L. Baquerizo Nole MD,a Andrea D. Maderal MD,a Evangelos Badiavas MD PhD,a D. Innes Cargill PhD,b Herbert B. Slade MD,b Steven R. Feldman MD PhD,c Robert S. Kirsner MD PhDa| |
METHODS: On forearms of 8 healthy adult volunteers, freeze injuries were induced using liquid nitrogen spray delivered onto a target area of a 1 cm circular opening at a distance from the cryo-device to the skin of 0.5-1 cm. Several freeze-thaw time cycles were implemented by administering pulses ranging from 3 to 12 seconds. Clinical evaluation was performed at a 24-hour follow-up period. Blister roofs were histologically analyzed by a blinded dermatophathologist. Clinical assessment of time to heal was determined.
RESULTS: Freeze-times greater than 5 seconds caused a majority of subjects to develop blisters, and freeze-times greater than 8 seconds resulted in uniform blister formation. Consistent histology of full thickness necrotic epidermis with intact detached basement membrane with minimal acute neutrophilic inflammatory infiltrate was observed in all blister specimens examined. The 8-second freeze-time group had a time to heal of 13-14 days, while the 12-second freeze-time group required 3 weeks to heal. After healing, an area of hypopigmented skin and slightly hypertrophic scarring remained.
DISCUSSION: This novel cryo-induced wound model is a potential simple, efficient and reliable model for studying the dynamic processes involved in acute wound healing and to aid in the development of new wound healing therapies.
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01253135.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):734-738.
Richard L. Gallo MD PhD,a Vivian W. Bucay MD,b Ava T. Shamban MD,c Janice Lima-Maribona DO,d Amy B.
Lewis MD,e Cherie M. Ditre MD,f Flor A. Mayoral MD,g Michael H. Gold MDh
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):669-674.
Wendy Cantrell DNP, Theresa Canavan MD, and Boni Elewski MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(5):524-526.
Jerry Tan MDa and Matthew Leoni MD MBAb| |
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to validate the revised patient’s self-assessment (PSA) scale and evaluate it for statistical reliability and validity in quantification of facial erythema of rosacea.
METHODS: The validity of the PSA scale was evaluated by assessing the test-retest reliability, construct validity, and known-groups validity based on the data collected during a Phase 2b study on brimonidine gel for the treatment of persistent facial erythema of rosacea.
RESULTS: Based on the results of this evaluation, this PSA scale demonstrated test-retest reliability, construct validity, and known-groups validity.
LIMITATIONS: Study results are most generalizable to those with moderate to severe erythema.
CONCLUSION: The PSA is an appropriate scale to assess facial erythema associated with rosacea.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):841-844.
Ustekinumab Treatment for Psoriasis in 119 Patients Maintained on Therapy for a Minimum of One Year: A Review
Elizabeth G. Wilder MD,a Mahir Patel MD,a Katherine Hebeler BA,b and Alan Menter MDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(8):905-910.
A Multicenter, Randomized, Vehicle-Controlled Phase 2 Study of Blue Light Photodynamic Therapy With Aminolevulinic Acid HCl 20% Topical Solution for the Treatment of Actinic Keratoses on the Upper Extremities: The Effect of Occlusion During the Drug Incubation Period
George J. Schmieder DO,a Eugene Y. Huang MD PhD,b and Michael Jarratt MDc| |
Objectives: To determine and compare the safety and ef!cacy of blue light ALA-PDT vs blue light placebo vehicle (VEH) in the treatment of AKs of the upper extremities and to evaluate the effect of occlusion after application of ALA vs VEH.
Methods: ALA or VEH was applied to both dorsal hands/forearms for the 3-hour incubation period before blue light treatment (10 J/ cm2). One extremity of each subject was covered with occlusive dressing during the incubation period. Treatment was repeated at week 8 if any AK lesions remained.
Results: The median AK lesion clearance rate at week 12 was 88.7% for extremities treated with occluded ALA (ALA+OCC), 70.0% for extremities treated with nonoccluded ALA, 16.7% for extremities treated with occluded VEH (VEH+OCC), and 5.6% for extremities treated with nonoccluded VEH (P<.0001). ALA+OCC resulted in a significantly higher clearance rate compared with the nonoccluded extremity at weeks 8 (P=.0006) and 12 (P=.0029). Thirty-four percent (12/35) of extremities treated with ALA+OCC had complete clearance of lesions at week 12 compared with 0% (0/35) of extremities treated with VEH+OCC (P=.0002). The safety pro!le in this study is consistent with previously reported side effects of the therapy.
Conclusion: Blue light ALA-PDT following a 3-hour incubation appears efficacious for AK clearance of the upper extremities. Incubation using an occlusive dressing significantly increases the efficacy of the procedure and also increases the incidence and severity of some acute inflammatory side effects of PDT.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):1483-1489.
Rosacea is a common disorder that is both under recognized and undertreated. Prevalence figures indicate that it may be present in 1 of every 10 adults in a primary care waiting room. Untreated, patients with rosacea can suffer significant emotional, workplace, and social impairments. While rosacea has been recognized since ancient times, only recently have investigators begun to identify the pathophysiologic elements responsible for the characteristic erythema, flushing, dysesthesias, and papulopustular manifestations of the disease. Although the etiology of rosacea is unclear, inflammation appears to be a central element. Experimental evidence suggests that abnormalities of the skin's innate and adaptive immune responses may play pivotal roles. Once recognized, effective topical and systemic therapies can be prescribed to lessen the impact of the disease on the patient's life. Although initially administered in an empiric fashion, it now seems clear that the role of antibiotics in patients with rosacea depends upon their anti-inflammatory rather than their antimicrobial properties. Consequently, practitioners have the opportunity to practice good antibiotic stewardship when treating the disease, particularly with systemic therapies. Therapy with subantimicrobial dosing and with topical treatments can modulate the inflammation of rosacea without exerting antibiotic pressure responsible for the emergence of antibiotic resistance.
J Drugs Dermatol.2012;11(6):725-730.
Joshua A. Zeichner MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(12):1418-1427.
Managing Assessments and Expectations: Patient Responses Following Therapy With Efinaconazole Topical Solution, 10%
Neal Bhatia MD| |
METHODS: A post hoc analysis of two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of efinaconazole topical solution, 10% in mild to moderate onychomycosis. Outcomes were assessed based on baseline severity (20%-29%, 30%-39%, 40%-49%, and ≥50% affected target toenail).
RESULTS: Overall, the mean percent affected toenail following efinaconazole treatment decreased from 36.4% to 20.6% (a 43% reduction). The percent reduction in mean percent affected toenail (range, 43.6% to 59.8%) with efinaconazole was similar irrespective of baseline severity. Improvement was only seen in the very mildest patients with vehicle and not before week 36. Improvement was influenced by gender (females did better) and disease duration (long standing disease responding less well).
CONCLUSIONS: Our onychomycosis patients treated with efinaconazole might expect a 50% improvement in their disease within a year, and this will be seen as significant by many, especially those who have suffered for many years. Many will do better, but they will need to be reminded of the slow growth of the toenail.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):694-698.
Calcipotriene Plus Betamethasone Dipropionate Topical Suspension for the Treatment of Mild to Moderate Psoriasis Vulgaris on the Body: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Vehicle-Controlled Trial
Alan Menter MD,a Linda Stein Gold MD,b Michael Bukhalo MD,c Steven Grekin DO,d Steven Kempers MD,e Brent M. Boyce MD,f Cecilia Ganslandt MD, gJohn Villumsen MSc,h and Mark Lebwohl MDi| |
Methods: This was a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, 4-arm trial in 1,152 subjects. The co-primary efficacy end points were the proportion of subjects achieving controlled disease based on the Investigators' Global Assessment of disease severity at weeks 4 and 8. Adverse events, vital signs, and clinical laboratory measurements were also assessed.
Results: At week 4, a greater proportion of subjects in the calcipotriene plus betamethasone group achieved controlled disease compared with subjects in the calcipotriene-only and vehicle-only treatment groups. At week 8, a statistically significantly (P<.01) greater proportion of subjects in the calcipotriene plus betamethasone group achieved controlled disease compared with subjects in the 3 other treatment groups. Adverse events and other safety assessments were similar between the groups.
Conclusion: The topical suspension containing calcipotriene plus betamethasone dipropionate traditionally used for scalp psoriasis is also a safe and effective once-daily treatment for psoriasis vulgaris on the body.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):92-98.
Michael H. Gold MD| |
Non-invasive rejuvenation of the skin is performed regularly in many cosmetic offices. Using evidence-based medicine, we will review the various technologies being used for non-invasive rejuvenation. This includes the use of intense pulsed light (IPL), which has been thoroughly studied and shown to be quite useful for this type of rejuvenation in removing the red and brown pigments, as well as affecting collagen. Fractional lasers, both non-ablative and ablative in nature, also can show dramatic improvements in the skin and associated clinical studies are reviewed here. Also described are radiofrequency (RF) fractional pin devices and RF microneedles used for non-invasive rejuvenation. Picosecond lasers are showing very positive results in the non-invasive rejuvenation market. Finally, absorbable sutures are being used to lift the skin and add volume in the skin over a duration of time. They are quickly becoming more popular.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6 Suppl):s104-107.
One-year Topical Stabilized Retinol Treatment Improves Photodamaged Skin in a Double-blind, Vehicle-controlled Trial
Manpreeet Randhawa PhD,a Dianne Rossetti BSc,a James J. Leyden MD,b Jared Fantasia MSc,a
Joshua Zeichner MD,c Gabriela Oana Cula PhD,a Michael Southall PhD,a and Samantha Tucker-Samaras PhDa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 0.1% stabilized retinol on photodamaged skin during a one-year treatment.
METHODS: The investigation included two 52-week, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies. In the main study, 62 subjects applied either a stabilized retinol formulation or its vehicle to the full face. A second exploratory study evaluated histological/histochemical markers in 12 subjects after 52 weeks of either retinol or vehicle use on contralateral dorsal forearms.
RESULTS: The retinol group showed significant photodamage improvement over vehicle at all timepoints during the study. After 52 weeks, retinol had improved crow’s feet fine lines by 44%, and mottled pigmentation by 84%, with over 50% of subjects showing +2 grades of improvement in many parameters. Additionally, at week 52, histochemical data confirmed the clinical results, showing increased expression of type I procollagen, hyaluronan, and Ki67 as compared to vehicle
CONCLUSION: This study confirms that a stabilized retinol (0.1%) formulation can significantly improve the signs of photoaging, and improvements in photodamage continue with prolonged use.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(3):271-276.
Sabine Zenker MD| |
INTRODUCTION: Looking at alternatives to standard injectables and devices for rejuvenation, typical indications for facial rejuvenation are poor skin quality, pigmentary changes, and the loss of shape. Looking for effective treatments for those indications in the aesthetic field, one can notice a kind of “retro”-trend: easy-to-perform, non- or minimally-invasive, low-investment-requiring procedures are regaining a lot of popularity. And, over time, those treatments are becoming well defined and far more specific.
OBJECTIVE: To discuss an indication-specific full-face concept for facial rejuvenation using alternatives to standard injectables and devices for rejuvenation. Materials and Methods: The strategy of this indication-specific full-face concept is based on a three-pillar-principle: regeneration, regulation, and reshaping. In parallel to this concept, major indications such as poor skin quality, pigmentary changes, and loss of shape and definition are discussed. To address those indications, therapeutic principles such as topicals (cosmeceuticals, magistral formulations), mesotherapy, needling, chemical peelings, injection lipolysis, and thread lifting will be demonstrated.
CONCLUSION: As an alternative to standard injectables and devices, an indication-specific approach for a concept of full-face rejuvenation is based on the three-pillar-principle of regeneration, regulation, and reshaping by easy-to-perform, non- or minimally-invasive procedures for rejuvenation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6 Suppl):s98-103.
Prognostic Factors for Complete Cure Following Treatment of Mild and Moderate Toenail Onychomycosis With Efinaconazole Topical Solution 10%
Nathaniel J. Jellinek MD FAAD FACMSa and Andrew Korotzer PhDb| |
METHODS: A subgroup analysis of patients, aged 18 to 70 years, randomized to receive efinaconazole topical solution 10% or vehicle from 2 identical multicenter, double-blind, vehicle-controlled 48-week studies evaluating safety and efficacy. The primary end point, complete cure rate (0% clinical involvement of target toenail, and both negative potassium hydroxide examination and fungal culture) at week 52 was evaluated based on mycologic cure at week 24, and the degree of clinical improvement in nail involvement at week 12.
RESULTS: Over a quarter (25.1%) of patients treated with efinaconazole topical solution 10% who could demonstrate at least 10% improvement in affected nail involvement by week 12 progressed to complete cures at week 52. Similarly, 21.7% of patients who demonstrated mycologic cure at week 24 achieved complete cures at week 52.
CONCLUSIONS: Early clinical improvement and mycologic clearance may help to predict treatment success with efinaconazole topical solution 10%.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):871-875.
An Evaluation of Efficacy and Tolerability of Novel Enzyme Exfoliation Versus Glycolic Acid in Photodamage Treatment
Maria Mekas BSN,a,b Jennifer Chwalek MD,a,c Jennifer MacGregor MD,a,d and Anne Chapas MDa,c| |
METHODS: 75 female subjects with mild to moderate photodamage, all skin types, and ages 31-70 years, were enrolled. In this 12 week study of twice daily self-treatments, patients were assigned to one of 3 groups; Group 1 (n-19) was assigned hydrolyzed roe cream, Group 2 (n=17), 4% glycolic acid, or Group 3 (n-16), 8% glycolic acid plus 2% citric acid. All patients used the same mild face wash and SPF 30 sunscreen throughout the study. Patients were evaluated at weeks 0, 8 and 12 for objective and subjective tolerability, improvement in photodamage by VISIA Complexion Analysis, modified Packman and Gans method, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and answered an opinion questionnaire.
RESULTS: Group 1 improved in skin clarity from a VAS 44.1 to 55.7 (P=0.0317) at week 12. VISIA mean scores correlated with office evaluation showing improvement in brown spots from 453 to 417 (P = 0.0115) at 12 weeks. Group 2 improved in superficial fine lines at week 8 (-5.9, P=0.0428) and week 12 (-9.1, P=0.0019). Group 3 improved at week 12 in skin clarity (11.5, P = 0.0469) and skin roughness (-13.3, P = 0.0426), and in hyperpigmentation at week 8 (-9.4, P=0.0462) and week 12 (-14.6, P= 0.0019).
CONCLUSION: Topical hydrolyzed roe protein used twice daily improves skin clarity. It has good tolerability with fewer instances of stinging and burning than the other glycolic acid containing creams. Patient’s opinions of the 3 products were similar.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1306-1319.
Prospective, Multicenter Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of a Unique Radiofrequency Device for Moderate to Severe Hand Wrinkles
Janelle M. Vega MDa, Vivian W. Bucay MDb, and Flor A. Mayoral MDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):24-26.
Pyoderma Gangrenosum Following Breast Reconstructive Surgery: A Case Report of Treatment With Immunosuppression and Adjunctive Xenogeneic Matrix Scaffolds
Joshua A. Zeichner MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(suppl 10):s32-s34.
Michael H. Gold MD,a,b Leon H. Kircik MD,c-e Vivian W. Bucay MD,f,g
Monika G. Kiripolsky MD,h,i and Julie A. Biron BSca
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a new topical formulation of 1% retinol and the effects of this same formulation using a 0.5% retinol concentration to minimize irritation.
METHODS: Patients at 2 sites (n=6, n=5) with photodamaged skin applied a novel suspension of retinol (1%) daily to their faces for 8 to 12 weeks. Clinicians graded improvement in ultraviolet-induced features at 4 to 6 weeks and at 8 to 12 weeks. Positive results of the observational pilot study warranted a follow-up study on the low concentration. At a third site, females (n=30) with facial photodamage applied the same formulation with or without retinol (0.5%) daily for 8 weeks. Twenty-two subjects applied the test product and 8 applied vehicle according to a randomized, double-blinded, institutional review board–approved protocol. Improvements in photodamage features were graded at 4 and 8 weeks.
RESULTS: In the observational pilot study, most participants showed improvement in overall photodamage, crow’s feet, elasticity,wrinkles, brightness, and hyperpigmentation at 60 to 80 days. Improvements at 60 to 80 days were greater than at 30 to 46 days. In the low-concentration study with 0.5% retinol, improvements were modest, most likely due to the lower retinol concentration. Burning, pruritus, dryness, and erythema were minimal with the 0.5% retinol concentration.
CONCLUSIONS: The topical formulation of 1% retinol improves photodamaged skin for at least 8 to 12 weeks. Although improvements with the 0.5% retinol were more modest, side effects such as burning, dryness, pruritus, and erythema during the 8-week study period were minimal. These encouraging results justify a longer-term study to determine whether topically applied 0.5% retinol can provide benefits comparable with those seen with topically applied 1% retinol.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(5):533-541.
Lisa H. Lam PharmDa and Jeffrey L. Sugarman MD PhDb| |
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the real world effects of chronic TCS use and its effects on adrenal suppression in a chronic disease such as psoriasis.
MATERIALS: This retrospective study utilized data from screening visits of a psoriasis clinical trial in which subjects had been on chronic TCS.
RESULTS: In this study, subjects with moderate to severe psoriasis affecting 16-20% of total body surface area (BSA) and using high-potency TCS at screening had a lower post-cosyntropin cortisol level (18.83 mcg/dL) compared to those with moderate psoriasis involving 10-15% of total BSA and using lower potency TCS at screening (23.22 mcg/dL; P=0.03). Both subject groups had lower post-cosyntropin cortisol levels compared to normal, healthy adults (P<0.001 for both).
CONCLUSION: This suggests that real world chronic use of high potency TCS over a larger BSA may result in silent adrenal suppression.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):945-948.
Daniel Y. Sugai MD,a Cheryl J. Gustafson MD,a Jacqueline F. De Luca MD,a Scott A. Davis MA,aJoseph L. Jorizzo MD,a Kenneth S. O'Rourke MD,b and Steven R. Feldman MD PhDa,c,d| |
OBJECTIVE: The objectives for this study were to evaluate trends in the medications prescribed for the management of lupus erythematosus (LE) and to assess how treatment varies among different specialists.
METHODS: Outpatient visits for treatment of lupus and its comorbidities were identified in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a representative survey of visits to physician offices in the United States. Data was evaluated to determine patient demographics, treatments prescribed by each specialty, and comorbidities encountered during the study period of 1993-2010.
RESULTS: From 1993-2004, prednisone was the most frequently prescribed medication; however, prednisone became the second most frequently prescribed medication in 2005-2010, as hydroxychloroquine became the leading medication prescribed for LE. In primary care physicians and other non-dermatology specialists, the most frequently prescribed medications for lupus were prednisone and hydroxychloroquine; whereas, hydroxychloroquine and triamcinolone were the top two medications preferred by dermatologists.
LIMITATIONS: The NAMCS collects cross-sectional data, such that individual patients cannot be followed over time. Hence, it does not provide data regarding the incidence of disease, patient age at the time of diagnosis, change in individual patient’s medication regimens over time, or prognosis related to patient demographics. In addition, it is possible that the physician did not always record nonprescription medication use, such as NSAIDS, since these are typically used first line.
CONCLUSION: First-line treatment of LE changed minimally from 1993 to 2010, with prednisone and hydroxychloroquine serving as the primary medications utilized by most physicians for the management of LE.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(5):545-552.
Elizabeth M. Grossman MD MBA,a Shivani Nanda BS,a Jennifer R.S. Gordon MD,a Meghan Dubina MD,aAlfred W. Rademaker PhD,b Dennis P. West PhD,a and Peter A. Lio MDa
aDepartment of Dermatology and bDepartment of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL
Observations: Adult healthcare workers within an academic-centered hospital (n=216) were screened via nasal swab with culture for S aureus colonization. Forty-five subjects (20.8%) screened positive for S aureus; of these subjects, 3 (1.4%) were positive for MRSA. Of the 45 subjects with positive cultures, 30 completed 5 days of twice-daily intranasal TAO application. One week after treatment, all 30 subjects were reswabbed; 16 (53.3%) showed evidence of decolonization on repeat culture.
Conclusions: The rate of S aureus colonization of healthcare workers in our study is lower than published rates in industrialized nations. Intranasal application of TAO may be a viable option for eradication of nasal colonization by methicillin-susceptible S aureus in environments where mupirocin-resistant bacterial strains become more prevalent.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):1490-1492.
Anthony Rossi MD,a,d Rebecca Lu MD,a Melissa K. Frey MD,d Takako Kubota MD,c
Lauren A. Smith MD,e and Maritza Perez MDa,b
OBJECTIVE: We examined the use of the 300 microsecond 1064 nanometer (nm) Nd:YAG laser for the treatment keloids in patients with skin types ranging from Fitzpatrick I through VI.
METHODS & MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of treatment efficacy was conducted on 44 patients with keloids. Three separate treatment groups were compared. The groups consisted of: a “control group” in which the whole keloid was only treated with intralesional corticosteroid (triamcinolone 10mg/cc) (16 patients); a “laser only” group in which the patient’s keloid was only treated with the 1064nm Nd:YAG laser at a fluency of 13 to 18 Joules / centimeter2 (J/cm2), a fixed pulse duration of 300 microseconds, 5mm spot size, and a total of 2000 pulses (14 patients); and a “combination group” that received both the aforementioned laser therapy and adjuvant intralesional triamcinolone (14 patients).
RESULTS: Patients in the "combination group" treated with the 300 microsecond 1064nm Nd:YAG laser therapy plus intralesional corticosteroid and the "laser only" group both were observed to have durable clinical reduction in the thickness and erythema of the keloids. These results were shown to be superior to the "control group" whom were only treated with intralesional corticosteroids. Only mild and transient post treatment erythema was noted as an adverse effect.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0.0 (Armonk, NY). In order to assess the statistical significance of differences in keloid improvement among the three treatment groups, The Kruskal-Wallis test (non-parametric ANOVA test) was applied. The level of statistical significance was set at P<0.05. A statistically significant difference in keloid improvement was appreciated between treatment groups (P<0.0001).
LIMITATIONS: A small sample size and the retrospective nature of the analysis are limitations to the study.
CONCLUSION: The 300 microsecond 1064nm Nd:YAG laser proved effective in improving the clinical appearance of keloids. We recommended this laser protocol in conjunction with intralesional corticosteroids as a treatment option for patients with keloids, especially in the skin of color population. The 1064nm Nd:YAG laser did not show post inflammatory hyperpigmentation nor hypopigmenatation, which are concerns for skin types IV to VI, and therefore is a suitable option for such patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1256-1262.
Novel Nonablative Radio-Frequency Rejuvenation Device Applied to the Neck and Jowls: Clinical Evaluation and 3-Dimensional Image Analysis
Lisa K. Chipps MD MS,a,b,c Jason Bentow MD,c Heidi B. Prather MD,d Jeffrey J. So MS PA-C,a
Jonathan M. Schouest BS,a and David M. Ozog MD,a,e Ronald L. Moy MDa,b
STUDY DESIGN: Forty-nine subjects received a total of two radio-frequency treatments to the face and neck one-month apart. The novel radio-frequency delivery device was used to heat the dermis between 41-43°C for five heat cycles. Primary outcome measures were clinical efficacy quantified by the Global Assessment Improvement Scale (GAIS) and a patient survey that assessed treatment satisfaction.
RESULTS: Assessments of 3D photographs revealed an overall improvement in 74% of study subjects. 85% of patients noted an overall improvement in the appearance of their skin. 81% of patients rated their post-treatment skin laxity as improved, 85% rated their skin smoothness as improved and 62% rated their skin brightness as improved.
CONCLUSION: Subjects in this study demonstrated an overall improvement in face and neck appearance with regard to skin tightening, wrinkles, and skin texture suggested by overall patient satisfaction (85%) and physician-rated GAIS improvement (74%). This study suggests that radiofrequency applied with a continuous thermal treatment device is a safe and efficacious way to improve the overall appearance of aging facial skin.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1215-1218.
Zain Husain MD,a Joyce K. Ho,b and Basil M. Hantash MD PhD c| |
OBJECTIVE: Two cases of rapid SK eruptions, one the sign of Leser-Trélat (SLT) and one PLT, are presented, and the literature on SLT and PLT is reviewed.
METHODS: A literature review of SLT/PLT was performed by searching the PubMed database for all related English published cases.
RESULTS: We identified 109 cases of SLT and 12 cases of PLT, with a mean patient age of 61.8 years. SK eruptions were observed before (68.3%), after (22.1%), and at the time of (9.6%) malignancy diagnosis. The malignancy most frequently associated with SLT was gastric adenocarcinoma. The most common anatomical location of SK eruptions was the trunk (18.9%). Frequently reported associated signs and symptoms included pruritus (52%) and acanthosis nigricans (38.7%). The most common treatment included surgery (35.8%), chemotherapy (26.9%), and radiation therapy (26.9%). Treatment resulted in clinical improvement (45%), no change (30%), exacerbation (15%), or initial improvement followed by exacerbation of SKs. Patient outcomes included disease stability/ improvement (48.4%), recurrence (9.7%), exacerbation/metastasis/new malignancy (4.8%), and death (37.1%).
LIMITATIONS: This was a retrospective study and excluded non-English published cases.
CONCLUSION: This review updates the existing SLT literature and emphasizes the presence of PLT. Clinicians should be aware that SK eruptions may be early manifestations of an internal malignancy or other pathology. To our knowledge, this is the first review examining both SLT and PLT.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(5):e79-e87.
Robert A. Swerlick MD aand Caren F. Campbell MD b| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):99-102.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e55-e60.
Ife J. Rodney MD, Oge C. Onwudiwe MD, Valerie D. Callender MD, and Rebat M. Halder MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):420-427.
Whitney P. Bowe MDa and Leon H. Kircik MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(suppl 7):s89-s94.
Lauren Meshkov Bonati MD,a Gorana Kuka Epstein MD,b and Tamara Lazic Strugar MDa| |
INTRODUCTION: Microneedling procedures are growing in popularity for a wide variety of skin conditions. This paper comprehensively reviews the medical literature regarding skin needling efficacy and safety in all skin types and in multiple dermatologic conditions.
METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted in all languages without restriction and bibliographies of relevant articles reviewed. Search terms included: “microneedling,” “percutaneous collagen induction,” “needling,” “skin needling,” and “dermaroller.”
RESULTS: Microneedling is most commonly used for acne scars and cosmetic rejuvenation, however, treatment benefit has also been seen in varicella scars, burn scars, keloids, acne, alopecia, and periorbital melanosis, and has improved flap and graft survival, and enhanced transdermal delivery of topical products. Side effects were mild and self-limited, with few reports of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and isolated reports of tram tracking, facial allergic granuloma, and systemic hypersensitivity.
DISCUSS: Microneedling represents a safe, cost-effective, and efficacious treatment option for a variety of dermatologic conditions in all skin types. More double-blinded, randomized, controlled trials are required to make more definitive conclusions.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(4):308-314.
A Phase I Safety and Pharmacokinetic Study of ATX-101: Injectable, Synthetic Deoxycholic Acid for Submental Contouring
Patricia Walker MD PhD,a,b Jere Fellmann PhD,b and Paul F. Lizzul MD PhD MBA MPHb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(3):279-284.
Shereen N. Mahmood MD and Whitney P. Bowe MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(4):428-435.
Expanding the Clinical Application of Fractional Radiofrequency Treatment: Findings on Rhytides, Hyperpigmentation, Rosacea, and Acne Redness
Wichai Hongcharu MDa and Michael Gold MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1298-1304.
Xi Tan PharmD,a Steven R. Feldman MD PhD,b and Rajesh Balkrishnan PhDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(3):e41-e45.
Allogeneic Growth Arrested Keratinocytes and Fibroblasts Delivered in a Fibrin Spray Accelerate Healing in Mohs Micrographic Surgery Wounds
Leon Kircik MD,a-c Jaime E. Dickerson Jr PhD,d,e Christina Kitten,f
Kathy A. Weedon BS,d and Herbert B. Slade MDd,g
METHODS: Open-label, randomized pilot study conducted at a single center. Subjects were randomized to either HP802-247 (5M cells/mL) applied weekly or bacitracin ointment applied daily. Treatment continued for up to 12 weeks or complete wound closure. Primary efficacy was effectiveness as measured by the Investigator’s Global Assessment of Healing (IGAH) scale. Secondary outcomes included median time to healing, investigator- and subject-scored signs and symptoms, and an assessment of scar by the investigator at 16 weeks postsurgery.
RESULTS: All subjects achieved favorable outcomes within the study period; however, these were reached more quickly for the HP802-247 group than for bacitracin. At 3 weeks postsurgery, healing was assessed as very effective for 75% of subjects in the HP802-247 group compared with 50% for bacitracin. Median time to closure was 24.5 days for HP802-247 and 29 days for bacitracin. Scores for signs and symptoms and scar were similar for both groups but, in general, were numerically better for HP802-247.
CONCLUSION: In this small pilot study, HP802-247 was found to provide a modest, incremental benefit in the healing of Mohs micrographic surgery wounds, suggesting that the healing of uncomplicated acute wounds may be slightly accelerated without enhancement of scarring.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(5):558-561.
Diclofenac Sodium 3% Gel for the Management of Actinic Keratosis: 10+ Years of Cumulative Evidence of Efficacy and Safety
George M. Martin MDa and Eggert Stockfleth MD PhDb| |
Background: Diclofenac sodium 3% gel (Solaraze®) gained US approval for the treatment of actinic keratosis (AK) more than 10 years ago. Since the publication of the pivotal phase 3 studies, numerous clinical studies have assessed use of this therapy in a variety of body areas, special populations, and novel combinations.
Objective: To provide a comprehensive update on clinical data and research on the use of diclofenac sodium 3% gel in AK.
Results: Accumulating evidence from preclinical research supports that the proposed mechanism of diclofenac sodium 3% gel may include cyclo-oxgenase 2 (COX-2) inhibition, inhibition of angiogenesis, and induction of apoptosis. A literature review identified 17 publications (beyond the 2 pivotal studies) on the use of diclofenac sodium 3% gel for AK. A phase 4 open-label study reported that 58 percent of patients achieved complete clearance of target lesions at the 30-day post-treatment assessment; among patients who were evaluable at 1-year post-treatment, sustained long-term clearance of AK lesions was observed. Active comparator studies demonstrated comparable efficacy of diclofenac sodium 3% gel with 5-fluorouracil 5% and imiquimod 5%. Publications on the efficacy of diclofenac sodium 3% gel for AK of the lip report complete clearance rates comparable to those reported for other body areas. Diclofenac sodium 3% gel has also demonstrated efficacy for clearing AK lesions in immunosuppressed populations. Sequential use of diclofenac sodium 3% gel with cryosurgery or photodynamic therapy has been investigated and may emerge as a useful approach for some patients.
Conclusions: Diclofenac sodium 3% gel has a unique proposed mechanism of action in AK that may involve COX-2 inhibition, inhibition of angiogenesis, and induction of apoptosis. In the past decade, numerous clinical studies have demonstrated this topical therapy to be effective and well tolerated for the treatment of AK.
J Drugs Dermatol.2012;11(5):600-608.
Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of a Low Fluence, Picopulsed, Alexandrite Laser in a Pico-Toning Technique With a Diffractive Lens Optic for the Treatment of Photodamage and Textural Improvement in “Off the Face” Applications
Raminder Saluja MD| |
David Schairer BA and Adam Friedman MD| |
A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Alitretinoin (BAL4079) in the Treatment of Severe Chronic Hand Eczema Refractory to Potent Topical Corticosteroid Therapy
Joseph F. Fowler MD,a Ole Graff MD,b Abbas G. Hamedanib| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(10):1198-1204.
Breanne Mordorski BA,a Adam Friedman MD,b George Han MD PhDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(9):1132-1135.
Pearl E. Grimes MD| |
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of bimatoprost 0.03% alone and in combination with a topical steroid (mometasone) compared with mometasone alone in patients with nonsegmental vitiligo on nonfacial areas in a proof-of-concept study.
METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, controlled study was conducted over a 20-week treatment period. Patients were randomized to 1 of 3 treatment groups: bimatoprost monotherapy (n=11), bimatoprost plus mometasone (n=10), and mometasone plus placebo (n=11). The primary outcome was global response at week 20, based on an investigator’s assessment of improvement score of at least 5 (at least 50%–75% improvement from baseline) on an 8-point scale (0=worse; 7=cleared). Other outcomes included global response at other visits, response by anatomic site, change from baseline lesion severity (overall and by site), and safety.
RESULTS: Because of a lack of response observed for the primary end point, a post hoc analysis with a less stringent definition of response (score of ≥4 [25%–50% improvement]) was conducted. In this analysis, 46% of the bimatoprost plus mometasone group responded overall compared with 18% in the bimatoprost monotherapy group, and no patients in the mometasone plus placebo group. Greater response rates were observed in both bimatoprost groups compared with the mometasone plus placebo group starting at week 12. There were no differences among groups in signs and symptoms of irritation.
CONCLUSIONS: Bimatoprost alone or with mometasone provided greater repigmentation than treatment with mometasone alone. Larger studies that also assess facial lesions are warranted.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(6):703-710.
Douglas Winstanley DO, Travis Blalock MD, Nancy Houghton BS, and E. Victor Ross MD| |
Methods: Four patients with sebaceous hyperplasia underwent a test spot treatment followed by 2 full treatment sessions using the 1,720-nm laser. Photos were taken before treatment, at each treatment session, and 3 months following the last treatment. Pretreatment photographs and 3-month follow-up photographs were compared to assess efficacy.
Results: Four weeks after the final treatment, 3 dermatologists blinded to the date of the photographs and uninvolved with the study evaluated the photos and scored them based on a global assessment comprised of: 1) lesion diameter, 2) lesion height, and 3) lesion color. Many of the lesions resolved almost completely after a single treatment, and no additional treatment was required. Overall, there was a reduction in the color, diameter, and height of the lesions. Crusts were noted by all patients and resolved within 10 days.
Conclusion: The use of this novel device that exploits the intrinsic selectivity of 1,720 nm achieved nearly complete clearance of sebaceous hyperplasia lesions without depressions or scarring. Complete heating of the sebaceous gland and sparing of the surrounding skin offered by this device resulted in clinically apparent improvement with a minimum of adverse effects.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1323-1326.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):e1-e4.
Erling Thom PhD| |
Amongst various treatment methods and substances, oral supplementation with a specific bioavailable proteoglycan stands out as a promising new therapeutic treatment method.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):1001-1004.
Comparative Study of Topical 80% Trichloroacetic Acid With 35% TrichloroaceticAcid in the Treatment of the Common Wart
Fakhrozaman Pezeshkpoor MD,a Mahnaz Banihashemi MD,a Mohammad Javad Yazdanpanah MD,a Hadis Yousefzadeh,b Mohammad Sharghi MD,c Hossein Hoseinzadehd| |
Methods: In this single-blinded clinical trial, 62 eligible patients with common warts referred to the dermatology clinic of Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, each treated with a TCA solution (group A, TCA 80%; group B, TCA 35%) once per week until complete clearance of the lesions or for a maximum duration of six weeks. Seven patients were excluded from the final analysis (one patient in group A and six patients in group B) for various reasons, including irregular follow-up, using physical tools such as razor blades to remove the lesion, and failure to complete treatment; and 55 patients were included in the final analysis.
Results: Improvement to treatment responses was classified as: no change (no changes in the number of warts), mild (clearing of less than 25% of warts), moderate (clearing of 25% to 75% of warts), and good (clearing of more than 75% of warts). At the end of follow-up, the clinical improvement of group A (n=30) was: 10 patients (33.3%) with a mild response, 6 patients (20%) with a moderate response, and 14 patients (46.7%) with a good response. In group B (n=25), 16 patients (64%) showed a mild response, 6 patients (24%) a moderate response, and 3 patients (12%) a good response. There was a statistically significant difference in improvement between the two treatment groups (P=.017). Improvement was greater with a higher concentration of TCA solution.
Conclusion: This study showed that a different concentration of TCA solution was an effective form of treatment for common warts. Trichloroacetic acid 80% is more effective, but this solution must be used only with careful consideration by a physician.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e66-e69.
Composite Volumization of the Aging Face: Supra-Periosteal Space as the Foundation for Optimal Facial Rejuvenation
Z. Paul Lorenc MDa and Johnson C. Lee MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(9):1136-1141.
Transitioning From Brand to Generic With Topical Products and the Importance of Maintaining the Formulation and Therapeutic Profiles of the Original Product: Focus on Clocortolone Pivalate 0.1% Cream
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCDa and Leon H. Kircik MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(suppl 7):s77-s83.
The Active Natural Anti-Oxidant Properties of Chamomile, Milk Thistle, and Halophilic Bacterial Components in Human Skin In Vitro
Andrew Mamalis BS,a, b Duc-Huy Nguyen,a Neil Brody MD PhD,c and Jared Jagdeo MD MSa,b,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):780-784.
Braden McKnight BS,a Rachel Tobin BS,b Yasmeen Kabir MD,c and Ronald Moy MDa| |
METHODS & MATERIALS: Twelve females received eight weekly non-ablative treatments using a tripolar radiofrequency device on the anterior and posterior upper arms. Evaluations included body weight, photographs, and circumference measurements at baseline and each subsequent week throughout the 8-week time period. The subjects and the investigator completed evaluations of clinical improvement using a 5-point assessment scale.
RESULTS: A significant circumference reduction was achieved in each arm of all twelve patients. A mean reduction of 1.99 ± 0.94 cm (P=0.001) was observed between the initial and final measurements after the 8-week treatment period. At the 4-week follow up, the average circumferential reductions of the posterior and anterior upper arms were sustained. Patient evaluations indicated moderate to good improvement of size, tightness, and overall appearance. The procedure was well tolerated without pain.
CONCLUSION: Tripolar radiofrequency devices offer a safe and effective non-invasive technology with beneficial effects on the circumferential reduction and overall appearance of the posterior and anterior upper arms.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(12):1463-1466.
Salman M.S. Alsaad MDa and Maryann Mikhail MDb| |
Objective/Methods: To present dermatologists with a complete review of the literature with regard to anatomy, definition, etiology, and treatment of periocular hyperpigmentation.
Conclusions: Our understanding of the causes and treatment of periocular hyperpigmentation continues to advance. Nevertheless, we are in need of additional controlled clinical trials and novel therapeutic options. Individual patients will likely benefit most from a combination of approaches. Although more randomized clinical studies are necessary, Pfaffia paniculata/Ptychopetalum olacoides B.⁄Lilium candidum L. - associated compound cream seems to be a promising option, with 90% improvement. For patients with increased melanin deposition, quality-switched ruby laser therapy could offer a better treatment option. In the hands of experienced professionals, a surgical option might be suitable, either by autologous fat transplantation or hyaluronic acid filler.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2):154-157.
Vasanop Vachiramon MD,a,b Trudy Brown LEI CLS CPE,a,c Amy J. McMichael MDa| |
Objectives: To determine patient satisfaction and complications with long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser assisted hair removal in dark-complexioned skin individuals from the patient's point of view.
Patients/Methods: A survey questionnaire was administered to subjects with Fitzpatrick skin type VI between the ages of 21-70 years who had been treated with long-pulsed Nd:YAG for unwanted hair. Questions were comprised of those related to satisfaction and complications from treatment with LHR. Satisfaction was recorded on a linear analogue scale (LAS=not at all satisfied; 100=extremely satisfied).
Results: Fifty patients (female 41, male 9) completed the survey. All patients were satisfied with Nd:YAG LHR treatment with the mean satisfaction score of 84.2. All patients favor LHR treatment as compared to alternative methods. The majority of patients (79.3%) who had completed six or more LHR treatments were removing their hair less frequently than before LHR treatment. Hyperpigmentation after treatment was noted in three patients (6%), which lasted for 3-10 days. No hypopigmentation, blistering, or scarring was observed. All patients completing the study would recommend LHR for patients with unwanted hair with the mean recommendation score of 91.5.
Conclusions: Nd:YAG laser-assisted hair removal gives a high rate of patient satisfaction in terms of hair reduction with minimal complication among subjects of color.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(2):191-195.
Topical Hemostatic-Anesthetic Solution to Reduce Bleeding During Mohs Micrographic Surgery: A Case Control Study
Isaac Zilinsky MD,a Tamar Brutman Barazani PhD,b Boris Shenkman PhD,b Oren Weisman MD,c Nimrod Farber MD,c and Uriel Martinowitz MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a hemostatic-anesthetic solution-impregnated gauze in decreasing bleeding between Mohs stages.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were treated with a hemostatic-anesthetic solution composed of tranexamic acid, adrenaline, and lidocaine (TAL), and 20 others were treated with a saline solution for control. At the second Mohs stage, size measurements of the blood stain on a Telfa pad and the defect were recorded. The Rotation Thromboelastometry Method (ROTEM) was used to investigate a possible effect of lidocaine and adrenaline on the clot stability induced by tranexamic acid.
RESULTS: The ratio of blood stain size to Mohs defect size in the hemostatic anesthetic solution group was 1:1.47, whereas the ratio in the control saline group was 1:3.37 (P<.001). Results of the ROTEM test showed that lidocaine and adrenaline did not interfere with the effect of tranexamic acid on clot formation and stability.
CONCLUSION: The application of gauze impregnated with tranexamic acid, adrenaline, and lidocaine on a surgical wound may be effective in reducing bleeding between Mohs stages.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):851-855.
Faris Azzouni MD,a Nathalie Zeitouni MD PhD,b and James Mohler MDa| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2):e30-e35.
Comparison of the Cutaneous Thermal Signatures Over Twenty-Four Hours With a Picosecond Alexandrite Laser Using a Flat or Fractional Optic
Emil A.Tanghetti MDa and Danielle M.Tartar MD PhDb| |
Ramin Fathi MD1 and Joel L. Cohen MD FAAD1,2,3| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):809-815.
Richard R. Winkelmann DO,a James Del Rosso DO FAOCD,b and Darrell S. Rigel MD MSc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(3):254-259.
Anna Kurayev MD, Huda Ashkar MBBS, Ami Saraiya MD, and Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):1017-1022.
Safety Observations in 12095 Patients With Psoriasis Enrolled in an International Registry (PSOLAR): Experience With Infliximab and Other Systemic and Biologic Therapies
Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhD,1 Robert E. Kalb MD,2 Richard G. Langley MD,3 Gerald G. Krueger MD,4
Elke M.G.J. de Jong MD PhD,5 Lynn Guenther MD,6 Kavitha Goyal MD,7 Steven Fakharzadeh MD PhD,7
Marc Chevrier MD PhD,7 Stephen Calabro MS,7 Wayne Langholff PhD,8 Alan Menter MD9
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of adverse events of interest (AEIs), including all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer), and serious infections (SI), in patients treated for psoriasis in clinical practice settings.
METHODS: PSOLAR is a large, ongoing, observational study of patients receiving, or eligible to receive, biologic or systemic therapy for psoriasis. Cumulative incidence rates of AEIs per 100 patient-years (PY) are reported across treatment cohorts: (1) infliximab, (2) ustekinumab, (3) other biologics (eg, adalimumab and etanercept), and (4) non-biologic agents. Significant predictors of each AEI were identified using Cox proportional hazards regression methodology.
RESULTS: PSOLAR is now fully enrolled at 12095 patients followed for 31818PY. The cumulative rate was 0.46/100PY for death, 0.36/100PY for MACE, 0.68/100PY for malignancy, and 1.50/100PY for SI. Increasing age was a significant predictor of all AEIs. A history of cardiovascular disease, malignancy, and significant infection was associated with a higher risk of developing MACE, malignancy, and SI, respectively. Exposure to infliximab (Hazard Ratio [HR]=3.101, P<0.001) and exposure to other biologics (HR=1.736, P<0.001) were significant predictors of SI. Use of immunomodulators (HR=1.954, P=0.005) was a significant predictor of MACE. Compared with non-biologic therapy, the use of biologic agents was not a significant predictor of death, MACE, or malignancy.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on PSOLAR data through 2013, no new safety concerns were observed with infliximab for all-cause mortality, MACE, or malignancy; the data suggest that infliximab was associated with serious infections.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(12):1441-1448.
Amanda Pickert BS, Michele Hughes MD, Michael Wells MD| |
Sorafenib is a chemotherapeutic agent primarily used to treat metastatic renal cell carcinoma. It is a multikinase inhibitor that blocks cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Numerous cutaneous side effects have been reported in association with this medication, including acral erythema, inflammation of actinic keratoses, erythema multiforme, vasculitis, and keratoacanthomas. Up to 40 percent of patients on this medication develop dermatologic manifestations. We describe chloracne-like eruptions in two different patients with no exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons but who were recently started on sorafenib for treatment of metastatic renal carcinoma. The primary reason for discontinuation of sorafenib is secondary to its adverse side effect profile. Recognizing these effects early and administering appropriate treatment will likely increase medication compliance and minimize both dose reductions and discontinuation of the medication resulting in optimal treatment outcomes.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(11):1331-1334.
The Effect of Hand-Foot Skin Reaction Associated With the Multikinase Inhibitors Sorafenib and Sunitinib on Health-Related Quality of Life
Methods: Twenty-three patients with HFSR related to SO or SU were graded using the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0 for clinical severity and for impact on HRQOL through completion of the patient self-administered Skindex-16 (SK-16). Clinical severity scores were compared to HRQOL assessments.
Results: Of the 23 patients with HFSR, clinical severity was grade 1 in 17.4%, grade 2 in 74%, and grade 3 in 8.6%. Median SK-16 scores were reported for symptoms (53.3), emotions (30.6), and functioning subscales (33.3). Median symptoms and emotions scores positively correlated with HFSR clinical severity grade.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that HFSR related to SO or SU negatively impacts HRQOL, with the symptoms domain being most significantly affected. In addition, CTCAE toxicity grading correlates with HRQOL.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e61-e65.
Benzoyl Peroxide Development, Pharmacology, Formulation and Clinical Uses in Topical Fixed-combinations
Julie C. Harper MD| |
2016 Arte Poster Competition First Place Winner: Circadian Rhythm and UV-Induced Skin Damage: An In Vivo Study
Linna Guan BS,a,* Amanda Suggs MD,a,* Sayeeda Ahsanuddin BS,a Madeline Tarrillion DO,a Jacqueline Selph MD,a Minh Lam PhD,a and Elma Baron MDa,b,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(9):1124-1130.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(2):125-132
Acne Vulgaris: The Role of Oxidative Stress and the Potential Therapeutic Value of Local and Systemic Antioxidants
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(6):742-746
Emerging Oral Immunomodulators for the Treatment of Psoriasis: A Review of Phase III Clinical Trials for Apremilast and Tofacitinib
Rachel McAndrew MD,a,b Ethan Levin MD,b and John Koo MDb| |
METHODS: We reviewed phase III randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial results for apremilast and tofacitinib for efficacy and safety in psoriasis.
RESULTS: Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75 after 16 weeks for apremilast was between 28.8% and 33.1%. PASI 75 was 39.5% after 12 weeks on tofacitinib 5 mg, and 63.6% after 12 weeks on tofacitinib 10 mg. Common side effects for both drugs included nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infections. Gastrointestinal disturbance was common for apremilast. Dyslipidemia and infections were more common with tofacitinib than placebo.
CONCLUSION: Both new oral medications, apremilast and tofacitinib, appear to be effective in treating psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(8):786-792.
A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of a Citrus Bioflavanoid Blend in the Treatment of Senile Purpura
Background: Senile purpura is a common, chronic skin condition affecting more than 10 percent of individuals over the age of 50.
Despite being a benign condition, the continual development of purpura lesions in afflicted patients is frequently a source of significant
visual and social concern. To date, there are no known effective treatments for this condition.
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel nutraceutical citrus bioflavonoid blend in improving the skin's appearance in patients with senile purpura.
Methods: A six-week, randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind study was conducted to determine whether a uniquely formulated, oral citrus bioflavonoid supplement could treat active lesions of senile purpura while preventing new lesions from arising. Seventy patients with senile purpura were enrolled and 67 completed the study. Subjects were randomized into two groups receiving either a citrus bioflavonoid blend or placebo medication, which was taken orally twice daily for six weeks. Clinical evaluations were performed by blinded investigators at two locations.
Results: A statistically significant reduction in the number of new purpura lesions in the skin area undergoing clinical study was documented. At the end of six weeks, the citrus bioflavonoid blend treated group showed a 50 percent reduction in purpura lesions from baseline. Patient self-assessment of the effectiveness of the medication echoed the results of an investigator global assessment with a statistically significant improvement in the skin's appearance noted by the patients receiving the active medication. No adverse effects were noted by either the patients or investigators.
Conclusion: This new treatment appears to both safely and effectively diminish skin bruising in patients with senile purpura.
J Drugs Dermatol.2011;10(7):718-722.
News, Views, and Reviews. Cutaneous Hyperandrogenism: Role of AntiandrogenTherapy in Acne, Hirsutism, and Androgenetic Alopecia
Aimee Krausz BA and Adam J. Friedman MD| |
Deganit Barak-Shinar PhDa and Zoe Diana Draelos MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the tolerability and efficacy of a new presented treatment for acne. The product is an OTC topical gel consisting of 2% SA, which is also enriched in botanicals that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties.
DESIGN: The study was designed as a single-site, randomized, investigator-blinded, split-face 10-day study.
SETTING: Subjects enrolled with a minimum of 2 inflammatory papular acne lesions and 2 non-inflammatory open or closed comedones on both sides of the face in symmetrical locations, to the greatest degree possible. One side of each subject’s face was randomly selected to receive the study treatment product.
PARTICIPANTS: 25 subjects, 15 female and 10 males, ages 12 to 43 years, suffering from mild to moderate acne.
Measurements: Study duration was 10 days, with study visits occurring at baseline (day 0), day 1, day 2, day 3, day 7, and day 10. Subjects underwent investigator facial evaluation and lesion assessment by dermatologist at each of the visit days. For the inflammatory lesions, the assessed parameters were erythema, elevation, induration, and overall impression. The assessed non-inflammatory parameters were elevation and overall impression.
Results: The observed difference between the treatment and the control group increased between day 1 and day 2 and reached an average of 15% to 20% with small varieties between the parameters and stayed similar across the remaining visits. Statistically significance (P less than 0.005) was achieved for all inflammatory and non-inflammatory tested parameters.
Conclusion: This study was performed to determine the safety, efficacy, and ease of use of a botanical acne treatment gel in providing a reduction in inflammatory acne lesion erythema, elevation, and induration. Erythema and elevation were the most influential parameters in inflammatory lesion with improvement noted after 2 days of application.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(6):599-603.
Maggie Chow MD PhD,a Kevin Lai MS,b Richard Ahn PhD,b Rashmi Gupta PhD,b Sarah Arron MD PhD,b and Wilson Liao MDb| |
METHODS: Thirty adult subjects with > 10% body surface area of chronic plaque psoriasis were recruited for the study. Lesional skin and peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples prior to and one month following treatment with adalimumab were collected. The skin samples were analyzed using genome-wide RNAseq, and the blood samples were analyzed using genome-wide Affymetrix microarrays. Data preprocessing and analysis were conducted using the EdgeR and Affy packages in R/Bioconductor.
RESULTS: In the skin, paired analysis before and after treatment revealed changes in pathways important to epidermal development and keratinocyte differentiation. Such important genes as keratin 6A and 6B, tubulin B6, desmocollin, and desmoglein 3 were among the top differentially expressed genes. In peripheral blood, pathways involved in hematopoetic cell lineage and immune response were found to be differentially expressed, including genes such as the Fc receptor-like A and 5, as well as immunoglobulin heavy chains. Using a principal components approach, we show that expression of genes in post-treatment skin more closely resembles that of healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: Treatment of psoriasis with adalimumab appears to be associated with modulation of keratinocyte and epidermal proliferation in the skin and with immunologic changes in the blood. We discuss the ramifications of these findings for the treatment for psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):988-994.
Edward J. Shannon PhD, Felipe G. Sandoval BS, Melvyn J. Morales MS| |
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of treating vitiligo patients with anti-TNF-α agents.
Methods: A total of 6 patients were recruited. All patients had widespread non-segmental vitiligo. Biologics, including infliximab, etanercept, and adalimumab, were given according to treatment regimens used for psoriasis. Photographs were taken at the initial visit, every two months during the therapy and then six months after therapy completion.
Results: All patients completed the treatment; two patients were treated with infliximab, two with etanercept, and two with adalimumab. All of the biologics were well tolerated throughout the treatment period, and none of the patients reported any significant adverse events. Digital images were compared before, during and after treatment. Repigmentation of the vitiliginous areas was not observed in any of the patients. Vitiligo worsened in one patient who was treated with infliximab and developed a psoriasiform rash. However, the remaining patients did not develop any new depigmented patches during treatment or at the six-month follow-up; vitiligo was considered stable in these five patients.
Conclusions: Although the anti-TNF-α agents were well tolerated in all six vitiligo patients, efficacy was not observed. Further evaluation with larger studies may be required.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(4):534-539.
Improvement in Facial Erythema Within 30 Minutes of Initial Application of Brimonidine Tartrate in Patients With Rosacea
J. Mark Jackson MD,a Joseph Fowler MD,a Angela Moore MD,b Michael Jarratt MD,c Terry Jones MD,d
Kappa Meadows MD,e Martin Steinhoff MD,f Diane Rudisill BSc,g and Matthew Leoni MDg
on behalf of the Brimonidine Phase III Study Group
OBJECTIVES: To assess the 30-minute speed of onset of topical BT 0.5% gel in reducing facial erythema in Phase III studies as measured by subject and clinician assessments of erythema.
METHODS: Two Phase III, randomized, controlled studies with identical design in which subjects with moderate erythema of rosacea (study A: n=260; study B: n=293) were randomized 1:1 to apply topical BT 0.5% or vehicle gel once-daily for 4 weeks. Evaluations included severity of erythema based on Clinician’s Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Patient’s Self-Assessment (PSA) prior to study drug application and at 30 minutes after application on days 1, 15, and 29.
RESULTS: 97.7% and 96.6% of subjects reported normal study completion for studies A and B, respectively. The percentage of subjects achieving a 1-grade improvement in both CEA and PSA was significantly increased at 30 minutes post-dosing with BT 0.5% gel compared to vehicle gel on visit days (day 1: 27.9 vs 6.9%, P<0.001; day 15: 55.9 vs 21.1%, P<0.001; Day 29: 58.3 vs 32.0%, P<0.001 for BT 0.5% gel vs vehicle) in study A. Similar results were shown for study B.
CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily topical BT gel 0.5% is not only efficacious at reducing facial erythema but also exhibits response within 30 minutes of application in a significant number of patients throughout both Phase III studies.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(6):699-704.
Objective: The authors introduce a stepladder approach for alar reconstruction with a crus of helix composite graft according to the severity and complexity of the defect.
Methods: Data from 25 patients who underwent correction of full thickness alar defects with composite grafts was collected and reviewed.
Results: There were no complete graft failures in any of the cases. Ten patients (40%) had partial graft necrosis ranging from 5 to 50% (average 18%); two of them (20%) were heavy smokers.
Conclusions: Composite grafts should be considered for reconstruction of full thickness nasal ala defects, given the correct surgical technique is implemented.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(3):376-381.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(8):979-987.
Jessica El-Kehdy MD,a Eckart Haneke MD,b and Paula G. Karam MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2):228-230.
Biophysical Evaluation of Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing With an Er:YSGG Laser Device in Japanese Skin
Background: Ablative fractional laser skin resurfacing (FLSR) has recently been used for the amelioration of acne scars, and previous
studies have shown clinical effectiveness. Despite its extensive use, few studies have focused on the associated changes in biophysical
properties of the epidermis. Herein, we evaluate transepidermal water loss, sebum levels, skin hydration, and skin elasticity, following
FLSR treatments with an Er:YSGG laser device (Pearl FractionalTM , Cutera Inc., Brisbane, CA), employing non-invasive measurements.
Methods: Five Japanese patients with facial acne scars underwent one FLSR session. Some acne scars appeared to become less obvious as a consequence of the treatment. All patients were aware of a feeling of skin tightness in treated areas.
Results: Objective measurements on the lower lateral angle of the eye and on the inner cheeks were evaluated at baseline and at 3 days, 1 week, and 4 weeks after FLSR. Transepidermal water loss showed a significant two-fold (100%) increase at day 3, but had returned to almost the baseline level at week 4 in both areas. Sebum secretion showed a 50% increase at day 3, but had returned to the baseline level after day 7. Skin hydration showed a significant decrease at day 3, but had returned to the baseline level by day 7, and showed significant improvement at the end of the study. Skin elasticity (R2) was still at baseline on day 3, but showed some improvement—an increase of at least 30%—at the end of the study.
Conclusions: Based on our findings, we believe that FLSR should be performed no more than once a month to allow sufficient time for the damaged skin to recover its barrier function in most areas of the face.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(5):637-642.
Anthony J. Chiaravalloti MDa and Bruce E. Strober MD PhDb,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(8):929-931.
E. Victor Ross MDa and James Childs PhDb| |
STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Porcine skin and fat tissue were prepared and separated to form a 2mm skin layer above a 1 cm thick fat layer. A 50μm thermocouple was placed between the layers and centered beneath a 23 x 38 mm treatment window of an 805 nm diode laser device (Vectus, Cynosure, Westford, MA). Apertures provided various incident beam spot sizes and the temperature rise of the thermocouple was measured for a fixed fluence.
RESULTS: The 2mm deep target's temperature rise versus treatment area showed two regimes with different positive slopes. The first regime up to approximately 1 cm2 area has a greater temperature rise versus area than that for the regime greater than 1 cm2. The slope in the second regime is nonetheless appreciable and provides a fluence reduction factor for skin safety. The same temperature rise in a target at 2 mm depth (typical hair bulb depth in some areas) is realized by increasing the area from 1 to 4 cm2 while reducing the fluence by half.
CONCLUSIONS: The role of spot size and in situ beam divergence is an important consideration to determine optimum fluence settings that increase skin safety when treating deeper targets.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(12):1437-1442.
Rapid Treatment of Subungual Onychomycosis Using Controlled Micro Nail Penetration and Terbinafine Solution
Ivan Bristow PhD,a Robert Baran MD,b and Michelle Score BSc (Hons)c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(8):974-978.
Theodore Rosen MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(suppl 10):s48-s54.
Samreen Z. Choudhry MD,a Neal Bhatia MD,b Roger Ceilley MD,c Firas Hougeir MD,d
Robert Lieberman MD,e Iltefat Hamzavi MD,a and Henry W. Lim MDa
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(2):148-153.
Leopoldo Duailibe Nogueira Santos MD and Jerry Shapiro MD FRCPC| |
Wendy E. Roberts MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(4):472-482.
Complementary Antioxidant Function of Caffeine and Green Tea Polyphenols in Normal Human Skin Fibroblasts
Jared Jagdeo MD MS and Neil Brody MD PhD| |
The study of free radicals is particularly relevant in the context of human skin carcinogenesis and photoaging because of these oxidants´ ability to induce DNA mutations and produce lipid peroxidation byproducts, including 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE). Therefore, it is important to identify and evaluate agents with the ability to modulate intracellular free radicals and HNE. The purpose of this research is to investigate the ability of antioxidants green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and caffeine, alone and in combination, to modulate the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced upregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) free radicals and HNE in normal human skin fibroblast WS-1 cells in vitro. GTPs and caffeine were selected for evaluation because these compounds have demonstrated antioxidative properties in various skin models. Furthermore, GTPs and caffeine share a close natural botanical association as caffeine is present in green tea, as well. Hydrogen peroxide is a well-known generator of free radicals that is produced during endogenous and UV-induced oxidation processes in human skin and was used to upregulate ROS and HNE in normal human fibroblast WS-1 cells. Using a flow cytometry-based assay, the results demonstrate that at 0.001% concentration, green tea polyphenols alone, and in combination with 0.1 mM caffeine, inhibited the upregulation of H2O2-generated free radicals and HNE in human skin fibroblasts in vitro. Caffeine alone demonstrated limited anti-oxidant properties.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(7):753-761.
The Efficacy of Vorinostat in Combination With Interferon Alpha and Extracorporeal Photopheresis in Late Stage Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
Hatice Sanli MD,a Bengu Nisa Akay MD,a Rana Anadolu MD,a Muhit Ozcan MD,b Secil Saral MD,a Aynur Akyol MDa| |
Objective: Long-term survival for advanced stages of mycosis fungoides (MF) may be beneficially affected by the use of multimodality
therapy. We aim to evaluate the activity of vorinostat in combination with interferon (IFN) alpha and extracorporeal photopheresis
(ECP) with persistent, progressive advanced stage MF and Sezary syndrome (SS).
Patients and Methods: Three patients with stage IIB-IVA MF/SS were treated with vorinostat 400 mg/day/po. Vorinostat was added to ongoing ECP and IFN-alpha-2a therapies in all three patients.
Results: The patient with stage IIB MF achieved a complete response. The patient with SS showed a stable disease of less than 50 percent improvement in body surface area with reduction in the sizes of axillary and inguinal lymph nodes. A partial remission was maintained for 24 weeks in the patient with stage IVA MF, followed by rapid disease progression under treatment which led to cessation of vorinostat treatment due to study criteria as well as serious side effects.
Conclusion: Our experience in this case series is suggestive of the synergistic effect of vorinostat in combination with IFN and ECP and supports the efficacy of vorinostat in inducing prolonged responses in patients with progressive disease and/or stable disease in otherwise progressive and treatment refractory late stage MF/SS.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(4):403-408.
The Mechanisms and Potential Impact of Stem Cell Activation in Skin Rejuvenation: An Evidence-Based Analysis
Hema Sundaram MD| |
Stem cells can propagate indefinitely in an undifferentiated state; or, with appropriate signals, differentiate into various types of mature cells. Strong interest in stem cell therapies for degenerative diseases has extended to skin aging, itself a degenerative process. This article reviews mechanisms of skin aging, and enables an evidence-based approach to topical skin rejuvenation - specifically, to formulations labeled as stem cell products.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(4):378-384.
Vineet Mishra MD,a Lee Miller MD,b Salman M. S. Alsaad MD,c and E. Victor Ross MDb| |
METHODS: Five female patients (age range, 30-60) with abdomen striae alba (n=4) and striae rubra (n=1) were enrolled in the study. Skin type distribution among the 5 patients was two type II, one type III, and two type IVs. The device (Accent XL, Alma Lasers Inc.) is a radiofrequency fractional platform (40.68 MhZ) that deploys multiple conical pin electrodes on a moving handheld 6 cogs roller. Four treatments were performed every two weeks with settings based on test spots performed two weeks prior to a full treatment session. Assessment of striae was based on clinical severity of the lesions on a 1-4 scale, with “4” being the most severe. A questionnaire was administered to patients with possible subjective responses ranging from 0-4, with 0 being no improvement and quartiles from 1-4 (1= mild improvement, 2= fair improvement, 3= moderate improvement, and 4= marked improvement, respectively).
RESULTS: Three months after 4 treatments, a mean improvement of 20% was achieved (mean severity score changed from 2.9 to 2.5). Micro-wounds were approximately 200 μm wide on the surface, initially presenting as small gray “dots” and evolving into black dots lasting about 2 weeks. Mean pain was 2/10. Erythema and edema persisted for about one day. No pigmentation abnormalities were observed at the final evaluation. The results from the patient questionnaire revealed a mean score of 2.4/4, thus falling in the range of good to very good.
CONCLUSION: A fractional ablative micro-plasma RF roller device can improve improvement in the appearance of abdomen striae.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1205-1208.
Julia Schwartz MDa and Adam J. Friedman MDa,b| |
Magdalene A. Dohil MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(suppl 9):s128-s132.
Pilot Evaluation of a Novel Topical Formulation Containing High Level, Cholesterol-Dominant, Physiological Lipids for Specific Targeting of Skin Barrier Deficits in Aging Skin
Hema Sundaram MD,a Ana Du BS,b Margarita Yatskayer MS,b Stephen Lynch PhD,b Yevgeniy Krol,c and Christian Oresajo PhDb| |
Joel Schlessinger MD,a Subhash Saxena PhD,b and Stuart Mohrb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(4):496-503.
Aim: Despite a mostly self-limiting course, infantile hemangiomas can cause severe functional and/or cosmetic problems. The aim of this
study was to determine the efficiency of propranolol treatment on infantile hemangiomas.
Methods: Sixty-seven infantile hemangioma patients were included in propranolol protocol in two institutions from 2009 to 2011. Participants included 36 boys and 31 girls. An associate protocol with radiology and pediatric cardiology was constructed for appropriate patient selection. Patients received a dose of 2 mg/kg/day, and all were admitted for the first 24 hours of therapy.
Results: Sixty-seven patients were included in the study. Mean age at the initiation of therapy was 7 months (1 to 24 months), and eleven patients were older than 12 months of age when propranolol was started. All patients showed improvement with varying responses. No side effects were detected during the treatment.
Conclusion: Previously defined treatments for hemangiomas were efficient, yet had a limited usage because of side effects. Propranolol, with a high efficacy (not as total involution but stabilization and regression) and feasibility deserves to be the first line therapy for infantile hemangiomas even after the proliferation phase.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(7):808-811.
The Therapeutic Role of Isotretinoin in the Management of Behçet's Disease: A Single-Blinded, Controlled Therapeutic Study
Khalifa E. Sharquie MD PhD,a Raad M. A. Helmi BDS PhD,b Adil A. Noiami MD DDV FICMS,c Raafa K. Al-Hayani MD DDV,d and Mohand A. A. Kadhom BDS MSce| |
PATIENTS and METHODS: This single-blind, controlled therapeutic study was conducted in the Department of Dermatology and Venereology at Baghdad Teaching Hospital from February 2011 to January 2012. Thirty patients with BD were included in this work. Each patient received isotretinoin 20 mg orally once daily for 3 months. They were assessed at week 2 and then monthly depending on the Clinical Manifestation Index (CMI) and to record any side effects. At week 12, isotretinoin was stopped and patients were given placebo therapy in a form of glucose capsules for another 3 months.
RESULTS: Thirty patients were treated, 14 (46.6%) males and 16 (53.3%) females, with a male to female ratio of 1:1. Their ages ranged from 16 to 64 years (mean +/- standard deviation [SD], 38.4 +/- 10.9 years). During the first 3 months of therapy, the pathergy test, oral pathergy test, and C-reactive protein were significantly minimized. The CMI before isotretinoin therapy ranged between 2 and 8 (mean +/- SD, 4.933 +/- 1.91). After therapy, within the first 14 days, the mean CMI started to decline to a lower level, and it continued to decline significantly until week 12. It then started to increase through week 4 of placebo therapy, but remained statistically significant until the second month of placebo therapy. Isotretinoin therapy also had a statistically significant effect in reducing oral ulcers and skin manifestations.
CONCLUSION: Isotretinoin is an effective therapeutic and prophylactic drug in the management of BD.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):e68-e73.
Nils Krueger PhD,a Stefanie Luebberding MSc,a Gerhard Sattler MD,b C. William Hanke MD,c
Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas MD,d and Neil Sadick MDe
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):737-742.
Mary P. Lupo MD FAAD| |
Pedram Ghasri BS,a Brad A. Yentzer MD,a Tushar S. Dabade MD,a Steven R. Feldman MD, PhDa,b,c| |
Background: Combination therapy is a common and appropriate treatment strategy for moderate-to-severe psoriasis, as it provides for enhanced efficacy and decreased toxicity compared to the use of a single agent. Acitretin is an effective oral retinoid for psoriasis that seems to find its greatest value when complemented by other topical and systemic treatments.
Objective: The primary aim of this study is to assess the use of acitretin in combination with other treatments for psoriasis.
Methods: We assessed the use of acitretin for the treatment of psoriasis using nationally representative survey data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS).
Results: Among visits where acitretin was listed in the NAMCS, other psoriasis medications were co-prescribed in 62 percent of visits. The co-prescribed medications included topical corticosteroids (51%), calcipotriene (31%), biologics (6%), cyclosporine (5%), methotrexate (5%) and tazarotene (2%).
Conclusion: The use of acitretin in combination with other psoriasis treatments, particularly topical corticosteroids and calcipotriene, is a common practice. Acitretin is co-prescribed with the biologics, likely because of the relative lack of overlapping effects on immune function. The immune-sparing method of action of acitretin makes combination treatment with the systemic agents an attractive treatment option, especially in patients where further immunosuppression is unwarranted.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(8):876-880.
Complete Clearance Is Sustained for at Least 12 Months After Treatment of Actinic Keratoses of the Face or Balding Scalp Via Daily Dosing With Imiquimod 3.75% or 2.5% Cream
C. William Hanke MD,a Neil Swanson MD,b Suzanne Bruce MD,c
Brian Berman MD PhD,d James Kulp BS,e Sharon Levy MDe
Methods: Adults with five to 20 baseline actinic keratoses who achieved complete clearance at the eight-week post-treatment visit in four phase 3 placebo-controlled treatment studies were followed for an additional 12 months.
Results: For imiquimod 3.75% and 2.5% cream, respectively, complete clearance was sustained for 12 months in 17/42 (40.5%) and 13/39 (33.3%) subjects from the two-week cycle studies, and in 23/48 (47.9%) and 16/37 (43.2%) subjects from the three-week cycle studies. There were no safety concerns during the follow-up.
Conclusion: In subjects with a median of eight to nine baseline actinic keratoses who achieved complete clearance after treatment of the full face or balding scalp with topical imiquimod 3.75% cream, complete clearance of all lesions (baseline, recurrent or new) was sustained in ≥40 percent of subjects for at least 14 months after the last dose. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00668733.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(2):165-170.
Topical Treatment With an Agent Disruptive to P. acnes Biofilm Provides Positive Therapeutic Response: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial
Michael J. Bernhardt MDa and Matthew F. Myntti PhDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(6):677-683.
Stuart Maddin MD,a John Quiring PhD,b and Lynne Bulgerc| |
METHODS: This phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trial investigated the noninferiority of 1 itraconazole 200-mg tablet to 2 itraconazole 100-mg capsules dosed QD for 12 weeks, with a 40-week follow-up period. Clinical Cure (Investigator’s Global Assessment plus mycological examination) was the primary outcome measure and Clinical Improvement was a secondary endpoint. Safety and efficacy of itraconazole 200-mg tablets were also compared with placebo.
RESULTS: Significantly more patients in the intent-to-treat per-protocol populations on itraconazole (200-mg tablet or 2 100-mg capsules) achieved Complete Cure and Clinical Improvement compared with placebo. For both endpoints, itraconazole 200-mg tablet QD was noninferior to itraconazole 100-mg capsules and superior to placebo. All treatment groups demonstrated a similar safety profile with no new safety signals identified.
LIMITATIONS: Absolute patient blinding was not possible; the number of tablets versus capsules differed, and the appearance of the active drugs could not be masked. However, efficacy was based on objective assessments from blinded investigators.
CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily itraconazole 200-mg was well-tolerated, and may be an effective alternative to 2 itraconazole 100-mg capsules for the treatment of toenail onychomycosis. The convenience of a simpler dosing regimen may improve patient compliance (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00356915).
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):758-763.
J. Mark Jackson MDa and Michelle Pelle MDb| |
Many topical medications are available for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea. While treatments contain metronidazole, azelaic acid, or sodium sulfacetamide-sulfur as the active ingredient, the composition of the vehicle formulations varies widely. These vehicles come in gels, creams, lotions and foams; some ingredients are common to many vehicles, while some vehicles contain unique ingredients designed to optimize skin penetration and delivery of the active drug to its target. Vehicles can also influence tolerability, which is always a concern in patients with heightened skin sensitivity, and compliance, which is typically lower for topical treatments than oral treatments. Ideally, the vehicle of any rosacea treatment should enhance drug delivery, be nonirritating and be easy to use. Ingredients that help repair barrier function are also desirable. This review will focus on the key components of the vehicles from the most commonly used topical therapies for papulopustular rosacea and how vehicle formulations influence the delivery of active ingredient, skin barrier repair, tolerability and compliance.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(6):627-633.
Lawrence F. Eichenfield MD,1 James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCD,2 Anthony J. Mancini MD,3
Fran Cook-Bolden MD,4 Linda Stein Gold MD,5 Seemal Desai MD FAAD,6 Jonathan Weiss MD,7
David Pariser MD,8 Joshua Zeichner MD,9 Neal Bhatia MD,10 Leon Kircik MD11
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(3):263-268.
Bilateral Axilla Hair Removal Comparing a Single Wavelength Alexandrite Laser With Combined Multiplexed Alexandrite and Nd:YAG Laser Treatment From a Single Laser Platform
Methods: Subjects received four laser treatments at 4-6 week intervals. One axilla was treated with the alexandrite laser alone while the contralateral axilla was treated with multiplexed pulses delivering either a 755 nm/1064 nm pulse or a 1064 nm/755 nm pulse. Efficacy was evaluated through blinded hair counts performed on digital photographs taken two and six months following the final treatment.
Results: Mean hair clearance percentages were 83%, 81%, and 86% for the alexandrite, alexandrite/YAG sequence, and YAG/alexandrite sequence, respectively. Side effects were minimal and did not differ by treatment.
Conclusion: Muliplexed 755 nm/1064 nm and 1,064 nm/755 nm pulses compared favorably with the 755 nm pulses for efficacy and side-effect profile, all being highly efficacious. Further study of the multiplexed pulses in various clinical settings, including refractory hair removal, are indicated.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(2):185-190.
Melanie R. Clemenz MD, Joseph Wilson McGowan IV MD, Marshall J. Shuler MD, and Annette W. Lynn MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):111-113.
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans: Is Mohs Surgery Truly Superior? And the Success of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
Joseph R. Kallini MDa and Amor Khachemoune MD FAADb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(12):1474-1477.
Scoping Scalp Disorders: Practical Use of a Novel Dermatoscope to Diagnose Hair and Scalp Conditions
Nicole E. Rogers MD| |
OBJECTIVE: This paper will show how the Canfield DermScope can quickly and easily identify various nonscarring and scarring scalp disorders. Its open design does not change the direction of affected hairs or blanch certain features such as erythema. Features like perifollicular hyperkeratosis and loss of follicular orifices are still easily visible.
METHODS and MATERIALS: The author prospectively photographed patients with hair and scalp disorders in private practice between 2011 to 2012 using the handheld Canfield DermScope device.
RESULTS: The presence of scale, erythema, tufting, miniaturized or broken hairs, and loss of follicular orifices were quickly identified to make a diagnosis.
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of hair and scalp disorders can be greatly facilitated by the use of the DermScope device.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(3):283-290.
Eric F. Bernstein MD| |
Study Design: A total of twenty subjects with chronic photodamage were enrolled in this study. Subjects received a maximum of four full-face treatments at an average fluence of 9.5 J/cm2 at 1,320 nm and 2 J/cm2 at 1,450 nm, delivered sequentially using forced-air cooling, at monthly intervals. Digital photographs were taken two months following the final treatment and compared to pre-treatment photographs by two blinded physician observers.
Results: Improvement in photodamage, overall appearance, wrinkles, hyper-pigmentation, enlarged pores, and sagging skin was rated by blinded physician evaluation of digital photographs as being in the 25-50 percent range. Subjective ratings averaged improved for all criteria that were evaluated, including wrinkles, enlarged pores, redness, sagging skin and hyper-pigmentation.
Conclusions: The multiplexed 1,320 nm and 1,440 nm fractionated laser improves cuta/neous photodamage as assessed by objective and subjective criteria.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(11):1266-1270.
Emily P. Tierney MD,a David J. Kouba MD PhD,b C. William Hanke MD MPHc| |
Objective: To review the literature on the safety of tumescent liposuction, liposuction under general anesthesia and laser-assisted liposuction.
Results: Aggregate safety data on liposuction under tumescent anesthesia reveals over 100,000 body areas treated with liposuction. There were no serious complications of death, emboli, hypovolemic shock, perforation of thorax or peritoneum, thrombophlebitis, seizures, or toxic reactions to drugs. In contrast, in the plastic surgery literature, liposuction under general anesthesia was associated with complications of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolus, abdominal or other organ perforation, infection, and bleeding. Most recently, survey data in the European literature analyzed data showed 72 cases of severe complications from liposuction, including 23 deaths in a 5-year period from 1998 to 2002. The most frequent complications were bacterial infections such as necrotizing fasciitis, gas gangrene, and different forms of sepsis. Further causes of lethal outcome were hemorrhages, perforation of abdominal viscera, and pulmonary embolism.
Conclusion: Tumescent local anesthesia utilizing lidocaine with epinephrine allows the removal of large volumes of fat with minimal associated blood loss and postoperative morbidity.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(12):1363-1369.
Fractional, Nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Neodymium YAG Laser to Rejuvenate Photoaged Skin: A Pilot Case Series
Methods: Seven healthy female subjects (mean ±standard deviation age, 53.8 ± 10.0 years) with visible signs of facial and neck skin aging were treated with fractional, nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser device (Pixel QS Nd:YAG; Alma Lasers Ltd, Caesarea, Israel). Treated areas were the face, including the periorbital and perioral regions (particularly the upper lip), neck, and chest. Treatments consisted of 3 sessions at 2- to 4-week intervals. Follow-up was performed monthly following the final treatment. The Alexiades-Armenakas Comprehensive Grading Scale of Skin Aging was employed to assess efficacy. Pain ratings were recorded by 10-point visual assessment scoring.
Results: Employing the validated, quantitative grading scale for rhytides of the face and neck, a 0.29 grade improvement, or 11.3% improvement, over baseline grade was observed in the 7-subject cohort that completed follow-up following a mean of approximately 2 treatments at approximately 1-month follow-up. No pain and rapidly resolving minimal erythema were noted in all subjects during treatment.
Conclusion: The results of this pilot case series suggest that the treatment with the fractional, nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser device significantly improves superficial rhytides. With its outstanding safety, it seems to be particularly suitable for the treatment of sensitive areas, such as the periorbital region, lips, neck, and chest. The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is a facile, safe, and fast treatment for aesthetic skin rejuvenation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1300-1304.
Kourosh Beroukhim BS,a Melissa J. Danesh BS,b Catherine Nguyen BS,c Annemieke Austin MD,b John Koo MD,b and Ethan Levin MDb| |
METHODS: We reviewed the results of the phase II clinical trials for the anti-IL-23 agents tildrakizumab and guselkumab, in order to assess the efficacy and safety profile of each agent.
RESULTS: By week 16, the proportion of patients achieving Physician Global Assessment (PGA) score of clear (0) or minimal (1) and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) was above 70% among the most efficacious dosage of each agent (P< 0.001 compared to placebo for all agents). The safety profiles of the agents were similar, with the most frequently reported adverse events of nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory infections, cough, and headache.
CONCLUSION: The anti-IL-23 agents demonstrated a rapid clinical improvement and favorable short-term safety profile. The results of the phase II trials support IL-23 as an essential target in psoriasis treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(10):1093-1096.
Erin Gilbert MD PhDa and Lucia Calvisi MDb| |
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and discuss the approach to midface as well as lip and perioral volume restoration by two independent dermatologists working in the US and Italy.
METHODS: Seven patients were selected for discussion and divided into two groups: 1) those requiring midface volumization and 2) those undergoing perioral or lip volume replacement. Patients in the midface group were injected with Juvéderm Voluma® XC, Juvéderm® Volift® with lidocaine, Restylane- L®, Perlane-L® or Radiesse®. Patients in the perioral and/or lip group were injected with Juvéderm® Volbella™, with lidocaine, or Belotero Balance™. Patients were photographed before and immediately after injection to evaluate aesthetic outcomes. In each case, filler selection was based upon patient characteristics, anatomical considerations and inherent filler properties.
Results: All patients were extremely satisfied with their treatments. There were no significant immediate or delayed complications following treatment with any of the dermal fillers used.
CONCLUSIONS: Volume restoration in the midface and perioral or lip region can be effectively achieved using a variety of dermal fillers. The dermal filler portfolio available in Europe is exponentially larger than that in the US. Product selection in either market is ultimately the result of the physician’s experience injecting each dermal filler, as well as his or her personal preferences.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(1):67-74.
Ryan M. Trowbridgea and Mark R. Pittelkow MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(2):111-118.
PSOLAR: Design, Utility, and Preliminary Results of a Prospective, International, Disease-Based Registry of Patients With Psoriasis Who are Receiving, or are Candidates for, Conventional Systemic Treatments or Biologic Agents
Objective: To describe the on-going Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR) study.
Methods: PSOLAR is a large, international, long-term, prospective, disease-based registry enrolling patients with psoriasis who are receiving, or are candidates for, treatment with systemic therapies. The registry fulfills postmarketing regulatory commitments and charges a global Steering Committee to manage epidemiological research on psoriasis and its therapies. Key demographics, disease characteristics, and medication history are collected at enrollment. Adverse events and efficacy data are collected longitudinally.
Results: The August 2011 annual database extract includes 9,495 patients enrolled at 266 global centers. At entry, mean percent of body surface area affected by psoriasis was 12.3% (peak, 29.5%). Approximately 80% of patients were overweight/obese, more than one-third had cardiovascular disease (38.8%) or psoriatic arthritis as captured by the treatment center (37.1%), and over half had received one or two biologic agents (58.8%) or phototherapy (54.8%). Mean duration of participation is 1.3 years, and annual withdrawal rates are less than 6.5%. Of 9,495 patients, 7,476 have been exposed to at least one biologic agent. Serious infections, malignancies, all-cause mortality, and major adverse cardiovascular events (ie, myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiovascular death) occurred at rates of 1.40, 0.61, 0.37, and 0.36 per 100 patient-years of follow-up, respectively.
Limitations: PSOLAR may be subject to limitations common to observational studies (eg, participation bias and potential confounders).
Conclusion: PSOLAR is a disease-based registry designed to assess therapeutic risk and benefit in the general psoriasis population.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(10):1210-1217.
Benjamin Farahnik BA,a Kourosh Beroukhim BS,b Mio Nakamura MD,c Michael Abrouk BS,d Tian Hao Zhu BA,e Rasnik Singh BS,b Kristina Lee BA,c Tina Bhutani MD,c and John Koo MDc| |
METHODS: We reviewed the results of the phase III clinical trials for the anti-IL-17 agents secukinumab, ixekizumab and brodalumab in order to assess the efficacy and safety profile of each agent.
RESULTS: By week 12, the proportion of patients reaching a 75% improvement from baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75) was comparable between the different agents (secukinumab 83%, ixekizumab 89%, and brodalumab 85%). The safety profiles of the agents were similar with the most frequently reported adverse events of nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory infections, headache, and injection site reaction.
CONCLUSION: The anti-IL-17 agents demonstrated a rapid and robust clinical improvement accompanied by a favorable short-term safety profile. The results of the phase III trials continue to reinforce the theory that the IL-17 pathway is an essential target in psoriasis treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(3):311-316.
Combining Topical Psoriasis Treatment to Enhance Systemic and Phototherapy: A Review of the Literature
Jerry Bagel MD,a and Linda Stein Gold MDb| |
Psoriasis is a chronic infammatory skin disease that affects millions of people in the United States as well as worldwide. While there is cur-rently no cure for psoriasis, many treatment options are available. Topical therapies are the mainstay for the majority of patients who have limited or mild psoriasis. Among these medications, topical vitamin D analogs (eg, calcipotriene) and corticosteroids (eg, betamethasone), and these drugs in combination, are the most widely prescribed psoriasis drugs and are the cornerstone of topical therapies. For patients with more severe disease, phototherapy, conventional systemic agents, and biologics are often indicated. Currently, the goal of treatment is to control the clinical symptoms of the skin, reduce systemic disease potential, and improve the patient’s quality of life. Despite the availability of various therapeutic options for psoriasis, many patients go untreated, and even among those who are treated, many do not achieve complete resolution of the disease. The new consensus is to treat to a target of 1% or less of body surface area involvement. Inno-vative treatment strategies are needed to meet this goal and patients’ desire to achieve clear skin. Combination therapies are widely used by physicians, and adjunctive topical therapies used with other antipsoriatic regimens have been demonstrated to provide many clinical benefts. This article reviews the most recently published clinical evidence of adjunctive use of topical agents with biologics, conventional systemic agents, and phototherapy, to better establish the role of topical agents in combination therapy for the treatment of psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(12):1209-1222.
Moetaz El-Domyati MD,a Tarek S. El-Ammawi MD,a Osama Moawad MD,b Walid Medhat MD,a, c Mỹ G. Mahoney PhD,c Jouni Uitto MD PhDc| |
Background: The use of intense pulsed light (IPL) for facial rejuvenation had been the topic of many studies. However, few of them
discussed quantitative changes in extracellular matrix proteins after IPL therapy.
Objective: To objectively quantify the histological changes in extracellular matrix proteins after IPL treatment for facial wrinkles.
Methods: Biopsy specimens were obtained from the periocular area of six volunteers of Fitzpatrick skin type III–IV and Glogau's class I–III wrinkles. They were subjected to three months of IPL treatment (six sessions at two-week intervals). Using histological and immunostaining analysis coupled with computerized morphometric analysis, quantitative evaluation of collagen types I, III and VII, newly synthesized collagen, total elastin and tropoelastin was performed for skin biopsies at baseline, end of treatment, and three months post-treatment.
Results: Clinical assessment of volunteers did not show clinically noticeable improvement in facial wrinkles after IPL treatment. Furthermore, quantitative evaluation of extracellular matrix proteins showed no statistically significant changes (P>0.05) in response to IPL treatment.
Conclusion: Although 50 percent of volunteers showed mild improvement in skin texture at the end of IPL treatment, none of them reported improvement in skin tightening or wrinkles. No statistically significant histological changes were observed three months post IPL treatment.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(11):1246-1252.
Yevgeniy Balagula MD,a Melissa P. Pulitzer MD,b Robert G. Maki MD,c Patricia L. Myskowski MDa| |
Imatinib mesylate (STI 571; Gleevec; Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Basel, Switzerland) is an orally available tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets a constitutively activated BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase with additional inhibitory effects on platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors alpha and beta, and KIT. It has revolutionized the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and is also FDA-approved for KIT-positive advanced gastrointestinal tumor (GIST) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. A wide spectrum of dermatologic toxicities has been associated with this agent, among which a maculopapular rash is the most common event. In addition, a variety of pigmentary abnormalities of the skin and mucosal surfaces have been reported. Hypopigmentation is a well-recognized adverse effect. In contrast, paradoxical hyperpigmentation has only rarely been documented. In this case report we describe imatinib-induced cutaneous hyperpigmentation and graying of hair occurring in the same patient with dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans treated with imatinib.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(9):1062-1066.
Douglas J. Key MD| |
METHODS: Subjects (n=14) presenting with abdominal laxity were treated up to four times using the transcutaneous monopolar RF device at one or two zones in the abdominal region (at operator’s discretion). Non-expert blinded graders rated correction on an arbitrary scale (0=no laxity, 4=maximum laxity) after choosing the order of the before-and-after photo sets. A patient satisfaction survey was also administered.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The two graders correctly ordered 10 of 14 photo sets in agreement. Average rated improvement was 0.75 and 0.80 for graders 1 and 2, respectively. Patient survey results revealed average perceived tightening of 2.14 points on a 0 to 4 scale (0=lowest tightening result, 4=highest tightening), and 8 of 14 subjects would recommend treatment to others.
CONCLUSION: Transdermal monopolar RF is a safe and effective modality for non-invasive body slimming.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(11):1272-1278.
A Systematic Review of Lower Lip Anatomy, Mechanics of Local Flaps, and Special Considerations for Lower Lip Reconstruction
Stefanos Boukovalas MD, Alexis L. Boson BS, Joshua P. Hays BS, C. Helen Malone MD, Eric L. Cole MD, and Richard F. Wagner Jr. MD| |
Reconstruction of defects of the lower lip can be very challenging. The aim of this review is to analyze the unique characteristics of lower lip anatomy and provide a systematic approach for lower lip reconstruction. A review of current literature was performed using the PubMed database. Articles analyzing the anatomic and histologic characteristics of the lower lip, mechanics of local faps, and different lower lip recon-struction techniques were included. Articles focused on lower lip reconstruction with free faps were excluded. The orbicularis oris has been described as the main supportive mechanism, however, a number of other structures have been shown to provide mechanical support to the lower lip, including septations of connective tissue extending from the epithelium to the orbicularis oris, a fbroelastic meshwork located in the mentolabial sulcus, and subdermal muscular fbers with dermal terminations in the area of the modiolus. Depending on the location, size, and depth of the wound, a number of reconstruction options are available. Preservation of the competency of orbicularis oris, relation-ship of the modiolus with associated muscles, and sensation, are critical components of functional reconstruction. Primary closure and local faps are assessed for these 3 components and analysis is provided. In conclusion, knowledge of the static and dynamic structural support of the lower lip, as well as the characteristics of different reconstructive options, is imperative for optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(12):1254-1261.
Over 25 Years of Clinical Experience With Ivermectin: An Overview of Safety for an Increasing Number of Indications
Leon H. Kircik MD,a James Q. Del Rosso DO,b Alison M. Layton MD,c and Jürgen Schauber MDd| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(3):325-332.
Linda F. Stein Gold MD,a Tracey Vlahovic DPM,b Amit Verma DrPH,c Babajide Olayinka MSc,c
Alan B. Fleischer Jr. MDc
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis is to present data from two pooled randomized, vehicle-controlled studies that evaluated efficacy of once daily topical naftifine gel 2% and vehicle at end of treatment (week 2) and at 4 weeks post-treatment in subjects with moccasin tinea pedis.
METHODS: At visit 1, subjects were randomized to naftifine gel 2% or vehicle groups and subjects underwent baseline mycology culture, KOH, and symptom (erythema, scaling, and pruritus) severity grading. Naftifine gel 2% and vehicle treatment were applied once daily for 2 weeks and the subjects returned at weeks 2 and 6 for efficacy evaluation (mycology culture and grading of symptom severity). A total of 1174 subjects were enrolled with interdigital tinea pedis with or without moccasin infection. Of these subjects, 674 subjects had interdigital presentation while 500 subjects had moccasin infection in addition to the interdigital presentation. All 1174 subjects with interdigital presentation satisfied the inclusion criteria of a minimum of moderate erythema and scaling, and mild pruritus. Of the 500 subjects who had moccasin presentation, 380 satisfied the same inclusion criteria as mentioned above. Since data was analyzed as observed cases, between 337 and 349 subjects had data available for analysis of efficacy. Mycologic cure is defined as a negative dermatophyte culture and KOH, treatment effectiveness is defined as mycologic cure and symptom severity scores of 0 or 1, and complete cure is defined as mycologic cure and symptoms severity scores of 0.
RESULTS: At week 6, the cure rates in the naftifine arm vs. the vehicle were statistically higher (P<0.0001) for mycological cure rate (65.8% vs. 7.8%), treatment effectiveness (51.4% vs 4.4%), and complete cure rate (19.2% vs 0.9%).
CONCLUSION: Two weeks application of topical naftifine gel 2% is an effective monotherapy treatment for moccasin tinea pedis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(10):1138-1144.
Kristin K. Marcum MD,a Neal D. Goldman MD,c and Laura F. Sandoval DOb| |
OBJECTIVE: To use various methods of photography including standard photography, cross polarized light, parallel polarized light and ultraviolet passing photography to assess which method most effectively captures skin features such as texture, pigment, and/ or vascularity.
METHODS: A prospective analysis comparing advanced photographic techniques including standard photography, polarized light photography, cross-polarized light photography and ultraviolet light passing photography. The photos were then evaluated and scored by two experts and a blinded observer to characterize the differences visualized in each type of photography compared to standard photography in terms of subsurface skin features, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, and rhytids.
RESULTS: 9 subjects completed the study. Overall, of the 3 photographic methods compared to standard photography, UV passing most enhanced the visualization of subsurface features and hypopigmentation, with increased hyperpigmentation as well. Enhancement of these features made UV passing best for capturing photodamage. Cross-polarized photography was best for visualizing hyperpigmentation, but also heightened visualization of hypopigmentation and subsurface features such as vascularity. Parallel-polarized photography enhanced visualization of skin texture.
CONCLUSIONS: These methods of photography show a quantifiable and reproducible selective ability to evaluate and document elements such as skin texture, vascularity, and pigmentation. Each of these techniques has unique properties that can add to the precision of the clinical evaluation and can be of particular value to providers of cosmetic procedures where photo documentation has become increasingly important in providing an objective means of evaluating outcomes.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(2):134-139.
Efficacy and Safety of Once-Daily Topical Brimonidine Tartrate Gel 0.5% for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Facial Erythema of Rosacea: Results of Two Randomized, Double-blind, and Vehicle-Controlled Pivotal Studies
Joseph Fowler Jr. MD,a J. Mark Jackson MD,a Angela Moore MD,b Michael Jarratt MD,c Terry Jones MD,d Kappa Meadows MD,e Martin Steinhoff MD,f Diane Rudisill BSc,g and Matthew Leoni MDg on behalf of the Brimonidine Phase III Study Group| |
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% for the treatment of erythema of rosacea.
METHODS: Both studies were randomized, double-blind, and vehicle-controlled, with identical design. Subjects with moderate to severe erythema of rosacea were randomized 1:1 to apply topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% or vehicle gel once-daily for 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week follow-up phase. Evaluations included severity of erythema based on Clinician’s Erythema Assessment and Patient’s Self-Assessment, as well as adverse events.
RESULTS: Topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% was significantly more efficacious than vehicle gel throughout 12 hours on days 1, 15, and 29, with significant difference observed as early as 30 minutes after the first application on day 1 (all P<.001). No tachyphylaxis, rebound or aggravation of other disease signs were observed. Slightly higher incidence of adverse events was observed for topical brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% than for vehicle; however, most of the adverse events were dermatological, mild, and transient in nature.
LIMITATIONS: These data generated in controlled trials may be different from those in clinical practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily brimonidine tartrate gel 0.5% has a good safety profile and provides significantly greater efficacy relative to vehicle gel for the treatment of moderate to severe erythema of rosacea, as early as 30 minutes after application.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(6):650-656.
Changes in Self-Perceptions of Photoaging Severity and Skin Cancer Risk After Objective Facial Skin Quality Analysis
Yoon-Soo Cindy Bae MD,a,b Edward Jong Bae BA,b Joyce H. Wang MD,b and Barbara A. Gilchrest MDb| |
Background: Despite public education efforts, many people at risk for skin cancer do not practice safe sun behaviors.
Objective: To determine whether machine-based evaluation of UV-induced alterations (VISIA scan) changes self-assessment of facial photoaging, skin cancer risk, and willingness to improve sun protective habits. In addition, to determine whether VISIA scan analysis reveals differences between those with versus without a history of skin cancer, men versus women, those older than 50 versus less than 50 years of age, and Fitzpatrick skin types I-III versus IV-VI.
Methods: Volunteers attending a health expo were recruited and queried about their perceived risk of skin cancer and degree of skin photoaging. All participants underwent facial skin quality analysis of both sides of the face, and then completed a follow-up survey.
Results: Participants’ scored self-perceptions of overall skin aging were all statistically significantly worse after VISIA scan analysis. There was no change in perceived skin cancer risk, but most participants expressed intent to improve their sun protection habits.
Limitations: Limitations to this study include selection bias, recall-misclassification bias, and social desirability bias.
Conclusion: Intervention with facial skin analysis can positively affect subjects’ stated intent to use sun protection, indicating the importance of appearance in these health decisions.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(5):453-459.
Wallace Nozile MS, Cheri N. Adgerson MD, and George F. Cohen MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(4):343-349.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1081-1088.
Brighter Eyes: Combined Upper Cheek and Tear Trough Augmentation: A Systematic Approach Utilizing Two Complementary Hyaluronic Acid Fillers
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):1094-1097.
Safety Surveillance for Ustekinumab and Other Psoriasis Treatments From the Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR)
Kim Papp MD PhD,a Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhD,b Luigi Naldi MD,c David Pariser MD,d Vincent Ho MD,
e Kavitha Goyal MD,f Steven Fakharzadeh MD PhD,f Marc Chevrier MD PhD,g Stephen Calabro MS,f
Wayne Langholff PhD,g and Gerald Krueger MDh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of adverse events of special interest (AEoSIs) with ustekinumab and other psoriasis treatments in a real-world setting using 2014 Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR) data. AEoSIs included malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), serious infection, and all-cause mortality.
METHODS: Cumulative rates of AEoSIs/100 patient-years (PY) are reported for ustekinumab, infliximab, other biologics (mostly adalimumab/etanercept), and non-biologics based on pre-specified analyses using attribution rules biased against ustekinumab. Risk factors for AEoSIs, including treatments, were determined using multivariate statistical analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 12,093 patients (40,388 PY) were enrolled in PSOLAR. Overall incidence rates were 0.68/100PY for malignancy, 0.33/100PY for MACE, 1.60/100PY for serious infection, and 0.46/100PY for mortality. Unadjusted rates of serious infection for infliximab (2.91/100PY) and other biologics (1.91/100PY) were numerically higher compared with ustekinumab (0.93/100PY). Exposure to the combined group of biologics other than ustekinumab was significantly associated with serious infection (hazard ratio=1.96, P<.001). None of the biologics was associated with increased risk of malignancy, MACE, or mortality.
LIMITATIONS: Observational data have inherent biases.
CONCLUSION: Analysis of 2014 PSOLAR data identified no increased risk of malignancy, MACE, serious infection, or mortality with ustekinumab.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(7):706-714.
Efficacy and Safety of Ingenol Mebutate 0.015% Gel After Cryosurgery of Actinic Keratosis: 12-Month Results
Brian Berman MD PhD,a Gary Goldenberg MD,b C. William Hanke MD,c Stephen K. Tyring MD PhD,d
Wm Philip Werschler MD,e Kim Mark Knudsen PhD,f Thomas Larsson Dr Med Sci,g and Neil Swanson MDh
METHODS: In this phase 3, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study (NCT01541553), patients ≥18 years with four to eight clinically typical, visible, discrete AKs within a contiguous 25-cm2 treatment area on the face or scalp underwent cryosurgery followed 3 weeks later by once-daily ingenol mebutate 0.015% or vehicle gel for 3 consecutive days. Endpoints included complete clearance at week 11 and safety and efficacy over 12 months.
RESULTS: In 329 randomized patients, complete clearance rates were greater with ingenol mebutate than vehicle (week 11: 60.5% vs 49.4%; P=.04; month 12: 30.5% vs 18.5%; P=.01). Fewer patients experienced the emergence of new lesions with ingenol mebutate than with vehicle (38.9% vs 51.9%; P=.02). At month 12, mean percentage reduction of AKs was higher with ingenol mebutate than with vehicle (68.2% vs 54.1%; P=.002). The probability of remaining free of lesions was sustained longer with ingenol mebutate compared with vehicle gel: 78% vs 68% at 6 months; 64% vs 57% at 9 months; 55% vs 40% at month 12, respectively. Ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel was well tolerated and no unexpected adverse events occurred; all adverse events resolved within 2 weeks of starting treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Field treatment with ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel following cryosurgery significantly enhanced clearance of baseline lesions, and was well tolerated. Furthermore, ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel following cryosurgery reduced development of new lesions in the treated field.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(6):741-747.
Tatjana Pavicic MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(9):996-1002.
Aimee Krausz,a Holly Gunn MD,b and Adam Friedman MD FAADa,c| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(8):937-943.
Stacy R. Smith MD,a Xiaoming Lin MS RN,b and Ava Shamban MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(7):764-769.
The Evaluation of Hyaluronic Acid, With and Without Lidocaine, in the Filling of Nasolabial Folds as Measured by Ultrastructural Changes and Pain Management
Josefina Royo de la Torre MD, Paloma Cornejo MD, Gema Pérez MD, Irene Cruz MD, Estefania Muñoz BSc, Maria J. Isarría MD, and J. Moreno-Moraga MD| |
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 1-year clinical results of filling the nasolabial fold with 2 types of filler: large-gel particle HA and large-gel particle HA plus 0.3% lidocaine (HA+L). We compared the level of pain during treatment and 10 minutes after treatment and assessed the safety and efficacy profile, satisfaction, and histological findings (using reflectance confocal microscopy [RCM]).
MATERIALS and METHODS: We performed a comparative, parallel-group, double-blind trial with an external observer (blinded to the type of treatment administered). The filler was applied to the nasolabial fold in 119 patients (HA in 62 patients and HA+L in 57). Patients were followed at months 3, 9, and 12. Pain was evaluated using a visual analog scale. Efficacy and satisfaction were evaluated using the Wrinkle Severity Rating Scale and the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale. RCM images (n=32) were taken at baseline and at months 3 and 12.
RESULTS: Pain: The severity of pain was decreased in patients treated with HA+L on application (P<.001) and 10 minutes later (P=.008). Efficacy and satisfaction: No significant differences existed between the 2 groups at months 3, 9, and 12. RCM: Skin rejuvenation occurred with a 32% increase in the height of the dermoepidermal junction at month 12 (P<.001), which was similar in both groups. Adverse events: At month 3, the most common adverse events (AEs) were erythema (68%) and hematoma (11%). No AEs were recorded at months 9 or 12.
CONCLUSION: The use of HA+L provides pain relief without affecting efficacy, satisfaction, safety, or the duration of results. RCM showed that the changes in the dermoepidermal junction represented a histological improvement in the skin with similar results in both groups.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(3):e46-e52
In-Vivo Histological Analysis of a Fractional CO2 Laser System Intended for Treatment of Soft Tissue
Elisabeth Hurliman MD,a Brian Zelickson MD,b Jeffrey Kenkel MDc| |
BACKGROUND: Fractional ablative lasers have been shown to be safe and effective for improving wrinkles, scars, skin texture, and dyspigmentation. However, the exact effects of this technology in vivo on epidermal and dermal skin constituents have not been delineated. This study evaluated the in vivo histological effects over time of treatment with a fractional ablative CO2 system, using different treatment parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy adult volunteers were enrolled in this multicenter clinical study. Study participants, previously scheduled for abdominoplasty, received fractional CO2 laser treatment on the abdomen at a predetermined time prior to surgery. Biopsies were taken at baseline and after CO2 treatment. Morphological and morphometric analyses were performed in the ablated and coagulated tissue areas. RESULTS: Nine healthy adult volunteers were treated. Histologic evaluation showed 800-900 micron diameter zones of ablation and coagulation confined to the upper most layer of the skin in the mode with the greatest fractional skin coverage using Light Mode 30 - 50% (spot diameter of 150 microns, 30-60 millijoules fluence), while ablation to levels of up to 900 microns in depth using the Deep Mode (spot diameter 150 microns, 50-80 millijoules). Healing times of treated tissue varied from 1-day post-treatment with the Light Mode, and up to 10 days post-treatment with the Deep Mode. No remnants of ablation or coagulation were seen after 30 days post CO2 treatment with either mode. There were no adverse events associated with treatments. CONCLUSION: Treatment of the skin using the fractional CO2 device leads to skin resurfacing via ablation and coagulation of the treated area at a depth proportional to the delivered energy. The higher the energy used, the greater the degree of ablation and coagulation in tissue, which can lead to a greater tissue response in terms of fibroblast activity, collagen remodeling, and new collagen formation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(11):1085-1090.
Efficacy and Safety of Ingenol Mebutate 0.015% Gel 3 Weeks After Cryosurgery of Actinic Keratosis: 11-Week Results
Brian Berman MD PhD,a Gary Goldenberg MD,b C. William Hanke MD,c Stephen K. Tyring MD PhD,d Wm Philip Werschler MD,e Kim Mark Knudsen PhD,f Joana Goncalves MD,g Thomas Larsson Dr Med Sci,h Torsten Skov MD PhD,i and Neil Swanson MDj| |
METHODS: FIELD Study 1 (NCT01541553) is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study that evaluated the short- (11-week) and long- (12-month) term efficacy and safety of sequential AK treatment using cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen followed by ingenol mebutate gel, versus cryosurgery followed by vehicle.
RESULTS: Overall, 329 patients were randomized to ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel (n=167) or vehicle (n=162) 3 weeks after cryosurgery. Baseline characteristics were balanced across groups. At week 11, complete clearance rate (100%) in the treatment area was higher for ingenol mebutate gel compared with vehicle (60.5% vs 49.4%, respectively; P=.04). Mean percentage reduction in number of AKs versus baseline was also numerically higher for ingenol mebutate gel (82.7% vs 75.6%). A general reduction from baseline lesion count was observed 3 weeks after cryosurgery. Treatment after cryosurgery was well tolerated.
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term (11-week) AK clearance rates on the face or scalp with ingenol mebutate gel after cryosurgery were higher than with cryosurgery alone.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(2):154-160.
Melissa B. Hoffman MD,a Rachna A. Bhandari MD,b and Animesh A. Sinha MD PhDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(7):821-829.
Pilot, Multicenter, Open-Label Evaluation of Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of a Novel, Topical Multipotent Growth Factor Formulation for the Periorbital Region
Hema Sundaram MD,a Michael Gold MD,b Heidi Waldorf MD,c Mary Lupo MD,d Vivien L. Nguyen PharmD,e and Jwala Karnik MDe| |
METHODS: Thirty-nine female subjects with mean age of 56.8 years who had periorbital lines and wrinkles, uneven skin texture, puffiness, and lack of skin firmness were enrolled, and 38 completed the study. All subjects applied the multipotent growth factor formulation bilaterally to the periorbital area, twice daily for 60 days. Efficacy and treatment-related adverse events were evaluated at Baseline and days 14, 30, and 60. Investigators rated the periorbital areas based on 10-point scales.
RESULTS: Subjects’ self-reported compliance with treatment was greater than 99% throughout the study. At day 60, all subjects had improvement in infraorbital brightness (≥ 2 points), moistness (≥ 2 points), wrinkles (≥ 1 point), sallowness (≥ 1 point), crepiness (≥ 1 point), smooth texture (≥ 1 point), skin tightness (≥ 1 point), and skin tone (≥ 1 point). Investigator-rated assessments showed ≥ 1-point improvement for lateral canthal wrinkles, dyschromia/mottled pigmentation, skin tone, overall brightness, and moistness. Investigator-rated scoring on the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS) demonstrated that 67.6% of subjects were much improved/improved at day 14, and 63.1% remained improved at day 60. Overall, 76.2% and 79.0% of subjects were very pleased/pleased/mostly pleased with the appearance of their infraorbital and lateral canthal areas at day 60. Adverse events comprised one case of mild canthal erythema, and one case of mild eye irritation, both of which were respectively resolved.
CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrated that the topical multipotent growth factor formulation was safe, effective and well tolerated for periorbital skin rejuvenation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(12):1410-1417.
Upregulation of Extracellular Matrix Genes Corroborates Clinical Efcacy of Human Fibroblast-Derived Growth Factors in Skin Rejuvenation
Kuniko Kadoya PhD,a Elizabeth T. Makino BS CCRA MBA,a Lily I. Jiang PhD,b Michael Bachelor PhD,c Robin Chung BS,a Priscilla Tan BA,a Tsing Cheng PhD,a Gail K. Naughton PhD,d and Rahul C. Mehta PhDa| |
Skin care products may use various active ingredients to support skin rejuvenation including growth factors and other molecules that help to regenerate extracellular matrix (ECM) and promote skin repair. The biological effect of skin care products with a strong anti-aging claim was assessed in gene expression analyses using an in vitro human skin model. Application of products containing human fbroblast-derived growth factors resulted in signifcant upregulation of genes encoding ECM components including collagens and elas-tin. Human fbroblasts cultured under hypoxic conditions show increased gene expression of stem cell markers, and their conditioned media could possibly further support skin rejuvenation. Furthermore, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was con-ducted in subjects with moderate to severe facial photodamage to assess the cosmetic clinical effcacy of a product containing human fbroblast-derived growth factors. The test product group demonstrated signifcantly greater reductions in the appearance of fne lines/wrinkles, coarse line/wrinkles, and overall photodamage, compared to the placebo group. Altogether, the results suggest that human fbroblast-derived growth factors support skin rejuvenation by stimulating dermal fbroblasts to generate ECM.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(12):1190-1196.
Protective Effects of a Topical Antioxidant Complex Containing Vitamins C and E and Ferulic Acid Against Ultraviolet Irradiation-InducedPhotodamage in Chinese Women
Yan Wu MD PhD,a* Xin Zheng,a* Xue-Gang Xu MD,a Yuan-Hong Li MD PhD,a Bin Wang PhD,a Xing-Hua Gao MD PhD,a Hong-Duo Chen MD,a Margarita Yatskayer MS,b and Christian Oresajo PhDb,c| |
METHOD: Twelve healthy female Chinese subjects were enrolled in this study. Four unexposed sites on dorsal skin were marked for the experiment. The products containing antioxidant complex and vehicle were applied onto 2 sites, respectively, for 4 consecutive days. On day 4, the antioxidant complex-treated site, the vehicle-treated site, and the untreated site (positive control) received ssUVR (5 times the minimal erythema dose). The fourth site (negative control) received neither ssUVR nor treatment. Digital photographs were taken, and skin color was measured pre- and postirradiation. Skin biopsies were obtained 24 hours after exposure to ssUVR, for hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining.
RESULTS: A single, 5 times the minimal erythema dose of ssUVR substantially induced large amounts of sunburn cell formation, thymine dimer formation, overexpression of p53 protein, and depletion of CD1a+ Langerhans cells. The antioxidant complex containing vitamins C and E and ferulic acid conferred significant protection against biological events compared with other irradiated sites.
CONCLUSION: A topical antioxidant complex containing vitamins C and E and ferulic acid has potential photoprotective effects against ssUVR-induced acute photodamage in human skin.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):464-468.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(9):e10-e17.
Alison Harvey PhD MS and Tu T. Huynh PhD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(4):459-463.
Mark Davis-Lorton MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(2):151-157.
Christina C. Patrone BAa and Larisa J. Geskin MD FAADb| |
Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome, the two most common types of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL), present many management challenges for dermatologists. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of up-to-date literature, guidelines, and expert clinical insights. We highlight the updates in the World Health Organization Classification of Cutaneous Lymphomas; we summarize the epidemiology, including a recently observed stabilization of increasing incidence of CTCL in the past decade and increased incidence in males, blacks, and veterans; we also provide the most recent updates on prognostic factors for CTCL. Utilization of Next-Generation Sequencing and other novel technologies has shed light on pathogenic mechanisms of CTCL, including immune dysregulation, antigen stimulation, and genomic alterations. CTCL management still remains a significant challenge due to lack of standardization of therapies for every stage of the disease. We provide a straightforward approach to clinical evaluation, diagnostic workup via immunophenotyping and molecular studies, staging guidelines, and select treatment strategies in Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome. CTCL patients require individualized, holistic, and multidisciplinary care, for whom addressing management in different skin types and prioritizing quality of life issues are essential.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(5):405-412.
Brandon L. Adler BA and Adam J. Friedman MD| |
Mid-Face Volumization With Hyaluronic Acid: Injection Technique and Safety Aspects from a Controlled, Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Study
Welf Prager MD,a Karla Agsten MD,b Maria Kravtsov MSc,c and Prof. Martina Kerscher MDd| |
BACKGROUND: Injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) volumizing fillers in the malar area is intended for rejuvenation of the mid-face. The choice of products, depth, and technique of injection depends on the desired level of volume enhancement and practitioners’ preferences.
OBJECTIVE: To describe a volumizing injection technique in the scope of a controlled, randomized, double-blind, single-center, split-face clinical study. Materials & Methods: A total of 45 subjects with bilateral symmetrical moderate to severe volume loss in the malar area received a single 2 mL injection of CPM®-26 (Cohesive Polydensified Matrix®) on one side and VYC®-20 (VYCROSS®) on the contralateral side of the face. The same injection technique was applied for both sides of the face. Use of anesthetics, overcorrection, and touch-ups were not permitted. The investigator completed a product satisfaction questionnaire. Adverse events (AE) and injection-site reactions (ISRs) were reported during the study.
RESULTS: The products were placed at the epiperiosteal depth in 88.9% (n=40), at the subdermal depth in 8.9% (n=4) and at both levels in 2.2% (n=1) of subjects. Fanning technique using cannulae was applied in most cases (97.8%, n=44). Results of the investigator satisfaction questionnaire allowed to characterize CPM-26 in comparison to other volumizing gels. Both study products were generally well tolerated. Local reactions were transient and of mild to moderate intensity, with the most frequent ones being redness, pain, and swelling.
CONCLUSION: Adequate injection technique in volumizing treatments is essential to create a natural aesthetic rejuvenation while respecting the safety aspect of the procedures. A 22G blunt cannula used with CPM-26 was preferred due to an easier and a more homogeneous distribution of the product. The investigator also appreciated CPM-26 for its ease of injection, positioning, lifting, and volumizing capacity.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(4):351-357.
Biological Effects of Ingenol Mebutate Gel in Moderate to Severe Actinic Fields Assessed by Reflectance Confocal Microscopy: A Phase I Study
Martina Ulrich MD,a,b Susanne Lange-Asschenfeldt MD,a Kresten Skak PhD,c Torsten Skov MD,c Marie Louise Østerdal MsC,c Hans-Joachim Röwert-Huber MD,a John Robert Zibert PhD,c and Eggert Stockfleth MDa,d| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(10):1181-1189.
An Update on the Long-Term Safety Experience of Ustekinumab: Results From the Psoriasis Clinical Development Program With up to Four Years of Follow-Up
Objective: To evaluate the safety of ustekinumab in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis treated for up to four years.
Methods: Safety data were pooled across four Phase II/III randomized controlled trials. Rates over time and cumulative rates of adverse events (AEs), AEs leading to treatment discontinuation, serious adverse events (SAEs), serious infections, malignancies, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (i.e., cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction [MI], or stroke as adjudicated by an independent panel of academic cardiologists) were evaluated. Observed rates of AEs of interest were compared with those expected in the general (malignancies, MI, and stroke) and psoriasis (serious infections, MI, and stroke) populations.
Results: Overall, 3,117 patients were followed for up to four years (6,791 patient-years). Rates of AEs, AEs leading to treatment discontinuation, and SAEs remained stable over time, whereas cumulative rates were generally comparable between patients who received 45 mg and 90 mg of ustekinumab. The rates of AEs of interest also remained stable over time, and cumulative rates per 100 patient-years were 0.80 and 1.32 (serious infections), 0.70 and 0.53 (nonmelanoma skin cancer), 0.63 and 0.61 (other malignancies), and 0.56 and 0.46 (MACE) in patients treated with 45 mg and 90 mg, respectively. Rates of AEs of interest were consistent with those in the general and psoriasis populations.
Conclusion: The safety profile of long-term ustekinumab treatment with up to four years of continuous use remains consistent with previous reports, with no evidence of cumulative toxicity.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(3):300-312
Fractional CO2 Laser Treatment vs Autologous Fat Transfer in the Treatment of Acne Scars: A Comparative Study
Omar A. Azzam MD a, Ahmed T. Atta MDb, Rehab M. Sobhi MD, and Pakinam I.N. Mostafa MSca| |
Objective: To compare fractional CO2 laser treatment and fat grafting in the treatment of acne scars.
Materials and methods: Twenty patients were included in this study, 10 received 3 sessions of fractional CO2 laser therapy, and 10 received fat grafting. All patients were then followed up for 3 months, and results were assessed with digital photographs taken by a committee of 3 physicians, by a single-blinded physician, and by reports of patient satisfaction.
Results: In the fractional CO2 laser treatment group, under 20% of patients were graded as having excellent scar improvement, 0 as having marked scar improvement, under 10% as having mild scar improvement, and almost 70% as having moderate scar improvement. In the fat-grafting group, the scar and overall improvement were graded as 30% excellent, 30% marked, 20% moderate, and 20% mild.
Conclusion: Fat grafting proved to be more effective in the treatment of acne scars than ablative fractional CO2 laser treatment. There were many points in its favor, the most significant being the clinical improvement in scars and texture. This supports the stem cell theory of adipose tissue in regenerative medicine.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(1):e7-e13.
Porcia B. Love MDa and Roopal V. Kundu MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(4):403-409.
J Drugs Dermatol 2012;11(12):1462-1467.
The Efficacy and Safety of Tavaborole, a Novel, Boron-Based Pharmaceutical Agent: Phase 2 Studies Conducted for the Topical Treatment of Toenail Onychomycosis
Mirna E. Toledo-Bahena MD,a Alicia Bucko DO JD,b Jorge Ocampo-Candiani MD,c Maira E. Herz-Ruelas MD,c
Terry M. Jones MD,d Michael T. Jarratt MD,e Richard A. Pollak DPM MS,f Lee T. Zane MDg
METHODS: One double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled study (study 1) and two open-label studies (studies 2 and 3) examined the efficacy, safety, and optimal dosing concentration of tavaborole topical solution applied once daily or three times weekly for 180 days at concentrations of 1.0%, 2.5%, 5.0%, or 7.5%. Patient cohort 3 of study 2 received open-label tavaborole 5.0% once daily for 360 days. All three studies assessed day 180 treatment success, defined as complete or partial clinical evidence of clear nail growth plus negative fungal culture.
RESULTS: A total of 336 patients were included in the intent-to-treat (ITT) or modified ITT populations and efficacy analyses across the 3 studies. In study 1, treatment success rates at day 180 were higher with tavaborole 2.5%, 5.0%, and 7.5% vs vehicle (27%, 26%, and 32% vs 14%, respectively; slope P=0.030). In cohort 3 of study 2, 7% of patients achieved treatment success with tavaborole 5.0% at day 360. Negative culture rates at day 180 in study 1 were numerically higher for tavaborole 2.5%, 5.0%, and 7.5% vs vehicle (slope P=0.046). Application-site reactions of general irritation, erythema, scaling, and stinging/burning were most common with tavaborole 7.5%, were generally mild to moderate, and resolved with treatment discontinuation and/or a reduction in dosing frequency. No systemic safety concerns were observed.
CONCLUSION: Tavaborole solution demonstrated favorable efficacy and safety in phase 2 clinical studies. Based on these findings, tavaborole topical solution, 5% was further investigated in larger, more definitive phase 3 studies. Results from these completed phase 3 studies will provide additional evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of tavaborole in the treatment of toenail onychomycosis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(9):1124-1132.
Update on the Management of Rosacea: A Status Report on the Current Role and New Horizons With Topical Azelaic Acid
James Q. Del Rosso DO FAOCDa and Leon H. Kircik MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014;13(suppl 12):s101-s107.
Terrence Keaney MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1036-1040.
Oge C. Onwudiwe MD,a Ellen S. Marmur MD,b and Joel L. Cohen MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(2):199-205.
Brian Berman MD PhD,a Glynis R. Ablon MD,b Neal D. Bhatia MD,c Roger I. Ceilley MD,d David J. Goldberg MD JD,e Mark S. Nestor MD PhD,a and Susan H. Weinkle MDf| |
Dermatologists treat actinic keratosis (AK) primarily because these lesions have the potential to progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Patients, on the other hand, generally seek treatment to remove the lesions and achieve an improved appearance of their skin following treatment. In selecting a treatment option for AK, dermatologists should consider post-treatment cosmesis, because cosmetic outcomes differ across AK treatments. To obtain expert opinion on the cosmetic sequelae related to chronically photodamaged skin and the treatment of AK, an expert panel meeting among dermatologists was conducted in February 2016. These experts reviewed current treatment options for photodamage, including AK, and discussed the relative merits of the various cosmetic assessments commonly used by investigators and patients in both clinical trial and dermatology practice settings. A main goal of the expert panel meeting was to propose assessment tools that could be specifically designed to characterize cosmesis results after treatment of AK. The panel agreed that existing tools for measurement of cosmetic outcomes following treatment of photodamage could also be used to evaluate cosmesis after treatment of AK. Digital photography is probably the best method used for this, with validation by other technologies. Better measurement tools specifically for assessing cosmesis after AK treatment are needed. Once they are developed and validated, regulatory agencies should be educated about the importance of including cosmetic outcomes as a component of product labeling.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(3):260-265.
Efficacy, Tolerability, and Pharmacodynamics of Apremilast in Recalcitrant Plaque Psoriasis: A Phase II Open-Label Study
Alice B. Gottlieb MD PhD,a Robert T. Matheson MD,b Alan Menter MD,c Craig L. Leonardi MD,d Robert M. Day PhD,e ChiaChi Hu EdM,e Peter H. Schafer PhD,e and James G. Krueger MD PhDf| |
METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study comprised four phases: pre-treatment (≤35 days), treatment (12 weeks), extension (12 weeks), and observational follow-up (4 weeks). Patients with recalcitrant plaque psoriasis received apremilast 20 mg BID for 12 weeks. Responders (≥75% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI-75]) continued treatment and non-responders (< PASI-75) were titrated to apremilast 30 mg BID through week 24. Efficacy assessments included change in static Physician's Global Assessment, PASI, and body surface area, and proportion of patients achieving PASI-50, PASI-75, and PASI-90. Other assessments included adverse events, lesional skin biopsies to assess changes in epidermal thickness, and immunohistochemistry to assess changes in peripheral blood subsets.
RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were enrolled. At week 12, 67% of patients had a ≥1-point improvement in static Physician’s Global Assessment, meeting treatment effect criterion. Mean percent decreases (improvements) from baseline were –59% for PASI score and –53% for body surface area. Most adverse events were mild. Median reduction in epidermal thickness was 34% at week 12 (P=0.083); five patients showed absence of keratin 16. Significant reductions in CD11c, CD3, and CD56 indicate that apremilast reduced myeloid dendritic cell, T-cell, and NK-cell or NK–T-cell infiltration into the epidermis and dermis. Reduced inflammatory leukocytes, with a pattern of broad, partial inhibition, suggested reduced IL-23/Th17 and Th22 response pathways.
CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm apremilast's biological and clinical activity and support ongoing studies in psoriasis. Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00521339.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(8):888-897.
Martha H. Viera MD, Caroline V. Caperton MD MSPH, Brian Berman MD PhD| |
Occurring with higher proportions in skin of color, keloid formation is seen in individuals of all races, with the lowest incidence in albinos. Interestingly, prevalence of keloids is correlated to skin pigmentation, with dark-skinned individuals suffering disproportionately. Many factors are taken into consideration when deciding which modalities to use in the treatment of keloids, including size, anatomical site, cause, symptoms, duration of treatment and not least importantly, pigmentation of the patient. In patients with skin of darker color it is necessary to communicate the effects these treatments may have on epidermal pigmentation to the patient. Of course, the best treatment for keloids remains prevention. Physicians should be alert to delays in wound healing, persistent erythema, or pruritus as impending symptoms of possible keloid formation and make all reasonable attempts to reduce inflammation and tension on the skin with appropriate methods.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011;10(5):468-480.
Omid Hamid MDa and Gary Goldenberg MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(11):1246-1252.
Joshua A. Zeichner MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(1 Suppl 1):s11-s16.
Alan D. Widgerow MBBCh MMed FCS FACS,a Sabrina G. Fabi MD FAAD FAACS,b
Roberta F. Palestine MD,c Alexander Rivkin MD,d Arisa Ortiz MD FAAD,b Vivian W. Bucay MD FAAD,e
Annie Chiu, MD,f Lina Naga MD,g Jason Emer MD,h and Paul E. Chasan MD FACSi
J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(Suppl 4):s63-s71.
Joy Makdisi BS and Adam Friedman MD FAAD| |
David H. McDaniel MD FAAD,a Iltefat H. Hamzavi MD,b Joshua A. Zeichner MD,cSabrina G. Fabi MD FAAD FAACS,d Vivian W. Bucay MD,e Julie C. Harper MD,f Jody A. Comstock MD,g Elizabeth T. Makino BS CCRA MBA,h Rahul C. Mehta PhD,h and Virginia L. Vega PhDh| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(suppl 7):s3-s11.
Nitrosoglutathione Generating Nitric Oxide Nanoparticles as an ImprovedStrategy for Combating Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Infected Wounds
Jason Chouake BA,a* David Schairer BA,a* Allison Kutner BA,a David A. Sanchez BS,b Joy Makdisi BS,a Karin Blecher-Paz MD,a Parimala Nacharaju PhD,c Chaim Tuckman-Vernon BS,cPhil Gialanella MS BS,d Joel M. Friedman MD PhD,c Joshua D. Nosanchuk MD,a,b and Adam J. Friedman MDa,c
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(12):1471-1477.
Tuyet A. Nguyen BA BS and Adam J. Friedman MD| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(10):1131-1137.
Serial Screening for Melanoma: Measures and Strategies That Have Consistently Achieved Early Detection and Cure
Ronald N. Shore MD, Paula Shore MEd†, Noel M. Monahan MHSc PA-C, James Sundeen MD| |
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a serial screening program in achieving early detection and preventing death in patients
at increased risk for melanoma.
Design: Retrospective study.
Setting: Private dermatology practice.
Patients: The study included all patients at increased risk for melanoma who were screened in the program during the 17-year period, July 1, 1992-June 30, 2009 (=1108 patients per year).
Main Outcome Measures: Survival and indicators of early detection.
Results: All melanomas that developed in program participants during the 17-year period were detected early and there were no deaths, metastases, recurrences, nor need for sentinel node biopsies. An analysis of melanoma cases seen in five recent years revealed additional evidence of consistent early detection: 80 percent of the lesions were in situ, no lesions were greater than 0.15 mm in Breslow depth, and all lesions were in the radial growth phase, a stage almost always associated with cure. Four measures, often absent in mass screening programs, contributed to very early detection and cure: thorough serial examinations, biopsying suspicious lesions (particularly pigmented lesions that were highly irregular and/or approaching black in color), recalling patients every six months to detect all melanomas in the radial growth phase, and educating patients on the need to return. Conclusion: An office-based surveillance program that includes serial full skin examinations and ongoing recalls appears capable of detecting melanoma at a very early stage when cures can be realized in almost every case. Therefore, when patients present with recognized risk factors for melanoma, dermatologists should seriously consider recommending and performing such serial screening procedures.
Jashin J. Wu MD FAADa and W.C. Valdecantos MDb| |
Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory disease that manifests itself as lesions on the skin, which greatly impacts the physical and psychological wellbeing of those affected. The current goal of treatment in psoriasis is to improve the signs and symptoms of disease, whilst minimizing the burden of disease on patient health-related quality of life. Psoriasis can also be associated with other comorbidities such as joint disease, cardiovascular disease, and depression, which can add to the complexity of treatment.
Adalimumab is a recombinant, fully human, monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), which blocks the interaction of TNF with both of its cell-surface receptors, with high affinity and specificity. Adalimumab is well established for the treatment of moderate–severe chronic plaque psoriasis in adults, and has more recently been approved in the European Union for use in pediatric patients with severe chronic plaque psoriasis.
Here we provide a clinical guide for adalimumab and review existing data on the efficacy and safety of originator adalimumab in moderate–severe chronic plaque psoriasis in adult and pediatric patients. We discuss short- and long-term treatment with adalimumab, and efficacy in hard-to-treat psoriasis of the scalp, hands, feet, and nails, in addition to the impact on associated pain and pruritus. We also discuss treatment optimization with adalimumab in the context of relevant clinical scenarios, and treatment of complex patients with underlying comorbidities. Finally, we examine available real-world clinical data for adalimumab in psoriasis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(8):779-790.
Isabela T. Wieczorek MD,a Brian P. Hibler BS,b and Anthony M. Rossi MDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(9):1043-1051.
Gary Goldenberg MDa and Omid Hamid MDb| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(12):1371-1378.
Hilary E. Baldwin MD,a Marge Nighland BS,b Clare Kendall MA,c David A. Mays PharmD MBA,c Rachel Grossman MD,b,c and Joan Newburger PhDc| |
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12(6):638-642, e94-e105.
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