ABSTRACT: Bullous morphea is rare clinical variant of localized scleroderma characterized by the formation of bullae on sclerotic morphea plaques. Severe disease may be highly disabling and greatly impair quality of life. Current treatment strategies are based on anecdotal reports of clinical experience and include topical corticosteroids, methotrexate and phototherapy. Herein, we describe the case of a 56-year-old woman with progressive bullous sclerotic lesions who was successfully treated with mycophenolate mofetil after treatment failure with psoralen plus ultraviolet A therapy, ultraviolet A1 phototherapy, and methotrexate. Treatment with mycophenolate mofetil halted disease progression after 8 weeks. No major adverse effects were recorded in a 3-year follow-up with continuous treatment. This case suggests mycophenolate mofetil may be considered as an alternative for the treatment of resistant bullous morphea lesions.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(10):1123-1125. more
ABSTRACT: Herpes Labialis results from reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2) harbored in the trigeminal ganglion during times of psychological stress, cutaneous injury or photo exposure. Following reactivation, the virus is anterogradely transported through axonal termini to the skin where the virus is released and replicates causing a clinical outbreak. Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNTA) is known to inhibit presynaptic neuropeptide and neurotransmitter release. Whether it has the capacity to interfere with viral shedding and delivery into the skin remains unclear. We were interested in determining whether BoNTA could serve as a potential therapeutic or prophylactic treatment approach for frequent and severe HSV recurrences. We describe a clinical case report in which a patient successfully maintained a sustained absence of HSV outbreaks in regions where BoNTA was intradermally administered. BoNTA may offer a novel therapeutic approach for preventing recurrent HSV disease.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(10):1127-1129. more
ABSTRACT: Crusted scabies (CS) is a highly infectious hyperinfestation variant of scabies with up to millions of Sarcoptes scabiei mites present on the skin surface. Diagnostic clues include intense itching and thick crusting especially on the face, groin, and buttocks, although variable presentations may mimic other dermatoses. CS has been associated with immunosuppression including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and lymphoreticular malignancies.1-3 A long latency period from symptom onset to diagnosis and appropriate treatment is often reported. Clinical suspicion is required to obtain a mineral oil preparation or biopsy. We report a patient treated for eczema with 9 months of progressive immunosuppression who was found to have crusted scabies.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(10):1131-1133. more