Volume 11 | Issue 11
Dr. Sherry Hsiung|No abstract details for the moment.
Macrene R. Alexiades-Armenakas MD PhD|No abstract details for the moment.
No abstract details for the moment.
Macrene R. Alexiades-Armenakas MD PhD,a,b Jeffrey S. Dover MD,a-c and Kenneth A. Arndt MDc-e|Laser skin resurfacing (LSR) has evolved over the past 2 decades from traditional ablative to fractional nonablative and fractional ablative resurfacing. Traditional ablative LSR was highly effective in reducing rhytides, photoaging, and acne scarring but was associated with significant side effects and complications. In contrast, nonablative LSR was very safe but failed to deliver consistent clinical improvement. Fractional LSR has achieved the middle ground; it combined the efficacy of traditional LSR with the safety of nonablative modalities. The first fractional laser was a nonablative erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser that produced microscopic columns of thermal injury in the epidermis and upper dermis. Heralding an entirely new concept of laser energy delivery, it delivered the laser beam in microarrays. It resulted in microscopic columns of treated tissue and intervening areas of untreated skin, which yielded rapid reepithelialization. Fractional delivery was quickly applied to ablative wavelengths such as carbon dioxide, Er:YAG, and yttrium scandium gallium garnet (2,790 nm), providing more significant clinical outcomes. Adjustable laser parameters, including power, pitch, dwell time, and spot density, allowed for precise determination of percent surface area, affected penetration depth, and clinical recovery time and efficacy. Fractional LSR has been a significant advance to the laser field, striking the balance between safety and efficacy.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1274-1287.
Background:Over the past 10 years, radiofrequency (RF) technology has been utilized for nonablative treatments for the treatment of rhytides and skin laxity. This manuscript reviews the scientific background of collagen synthesis in vivo and in response to RF energy as well as a clinical study of 17 patients receiving a series of facial treatments with a 4-MHz monopolar RF (Pellevé,Ellman International, Inc, Oceanside, NY). Clinical methods, results, and a review of the literature for RF aesthetic treatments of the face are presented.
Methods:Seventeen patients were treated in one site with 6 total treatments scheduled as follows:1 session was performed every 15 days for 2 consecutive sessions, 1 session every month for 2 consecutive sessions, and 1 session every 2 months for 2 consecutive sessions. Both the treating physician and the patients via live viewing and comparison with baseline photographs performed assessment of results. Results are reported as averages across the 17 patients.
Results: Two weeks after the first treatment,patients noted an overall average of 25% to 30% improvement. Just before the last or sixth treatment, there was an average of 50% improvement noted by the physician, with patients ranking an average self-improvement of 48%. The treating physician rated average improvement of 46% compared with baseline,whereas the patients ranked average improvement of 30% compared with baseline at 1 year after treatment was initiated (6 months after the final treatment).Patients find this treatment to be very well tolerated, with minimal to no discomfort and no downtime or significant side effects.
Conclusions: The Pellevé 4-MHz monopolar RF device is effective, safe, and very well tolerated for treating laxity, texture, and wrinkles of the skin without complication or discomfort. Evidence in the literature supports the scientific mechanism of action of acute collagen modification and continued neocollagenesis observed with the system. In this cohort, patients maintain approximately 50% improvement on average at 6 months and a 30% to 50% improvement 1 year after beginning the treatments, 6 months after completion.
Quality-switched (QS) lasers and their applications have evolved greatly since the ruby laser's effect on tattoo ink was first reported in the 1960s. The 1983 description of selective photothermolysis explained the efficacy of QS lasers for the treatment of cutaneous pigmented lesions and tattoos and cemented their status as the gold standard for these targets. Within the past decade, the uses for QS lasers have expanded dramatically, including nonablative rejuvenation and the treatment of onychomycosis. Additional applications and refined techniques and technologies promise to maintain the stature of QS lasers as an integral part of the laser surgeon's arsenal.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1296-1299.
Fractional, Nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Neodymium YAG Laser to Rejuvenate Photoaged Skin: A Pilot Case SeriesBackground: Scientific research in the field of energy-based and light-based procedures made it possible to develop a very new and innovative generation of lasers that combine the benefit of a nonablative and a fractional laser device, promising skin rejuvenation without harming the epidermis. With this pilot case series, we performed one of the first systematic reports evaluating efficacy and safety of the fractional, nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser device in the treatment of rhytides of the face, neck, and chest.
Methods: Seven healthy female subjects (mean ±standard deviation age, 53.8 ± 10.0 years) with visible signs of facial and neck skin aging were treated with fractional, nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser device (Pixel QS Nd:YAG; Alma Lasers Ltd, Caesarea, Israel). Treated areas were the face, including the periorbital and perioral regions (particularly the upper lip), neck, and chest. Treatments consisted of 3 sessions at 2- to 4-week intervals. Follow-up was performed monthly following the final treatment. The Alexiades-Armenakas Comprehensive Grading Scale of Skin Aging was employed to assess efficacy. Pain ratings were recorded by 10-point visual assessment scoring.
Results: Employing the validated, quantitative grading scale for rhytides of the face and neck, a 0.29 grade improvement, or 11.3% improvement, over baseline grade was observed in the 7-subject cohort that completed follow-up following a mean of approximately 2 treatments at approximately 1-month follow-up. No pain and rapidly resolving minimal erythema were noted in all subjects during treatment.
Conclusion: The results of this pilot case series suggest that the treatment with the fractional, nonablative Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser device significantly improves superficial rhytides. With its outstanding safety, it seems to be particularly suitable for the treatment of sensitive areas, such as the periorbital region, lips, neck, and chest. The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is a facile, safe, and fast treatment for aesthetic skin rejuvenation.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1300-1304.
Safety and Efficacy of a New Device Combining Radiofrequency and Low-Frequency Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields for the Treatment of Facial RhytidesBackground: A distinct trend in aesthetic medicine is the patient's demand for efficient, noninvasive treatments with no downtime. Ongoing with this, these so-called lunchtime procedures are expected to be as safe and painless as possible. A new technique based on a combination of radiofrequency (RF) and pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) was recently introduced and is supposed to be effective in the treatment of facial wrinkles and virtually pain free. The objective of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of this technology for the treatment of facial rhytides.
Methods: Thirty-one subjects with facial wrinkles and rhytides were entered into this study. Every subject received 10 treatments of the face with a device that combines 1 MHz radiofrequency with PEMF with a flux of 15 gauss. Patients rated the pain level immediately after the treatment by using a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain. Side effects were recorded at every visit. The study's efficacy end point was evaluated by 2 blinded physicians who rated the standardized pictures from baseline and 3-month follow-up using the Fitzpatrick Wrinkle and Elastosis Scale (FWES).
Results: No unexpected adverse side effects were detected or reported for the duration of the study. Both raters recognized improvements of at least 1 grade on the FWES in 30 of 31 subjects (97%). The score decreased from 5.2 before the first treatment to 3.6 at 3 months after the last treatment. Furthermore, all patients rated the treatment to be free of pain on the VAS pain scale.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the combination of multipolar RF with PEMF is a safe, effective, and painless approach to treat facial rhytides and is suitable to answer the demands of patients for safe treatments without pain or downtime.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1306-1309.
Split-Face Comparison of Ultrapulse-Mode and Superpulse- Mode Fractionated Carbon Dioxide Lasers on Photoaged Skin
Background: Both ultrapulse-mode and superpulse-mode fractional CO2 lasers (UPCO2 and SPCO2) could be successfully used in treating photoaged skin.
Objective: This evidence-based study was intended to compare the therapeutic and adverse effects of UPCO2 and SPCO2 in treating photoaged skin in Chinese subjects.
Methods: Eighteen Chinese subjects with Fitzpatrick skin type IV were enrolled in a randomized, split-face trial. Subjects received SPCO2 on one half of the face and UPCO2 on the other half. Before and after photos, skin color, epidermal water content, sebum level, periorbital wrinkles, skin roughness, and self-esteem questionnaires were used.
Results: Global evaluation and subjects' self-esteem assessments showed a similar trend at 1-month and 3-month follow-up visits on both sides. The UPCO2 laser has a shorter downtime of 6.25±2.71 days compared with 6.41±2.67 days for SPCO2, but has a higher incidence of edema, spot bleeding, prolonged redness and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. More subjects prefer SPCO2 treatment because of similar efficacy and fewer adverse effects.
Conclusion: The effectiveness of the SPCO2 laser in treating photoaged skin is very similar to the UPCO2 laser, with less erythema, but more crusting and longer downtime.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1310-1314
Melasma is a complex multifactorial disorder whose pathogenesis is not well understood. In addition to increased pigmentation, increased vascularity associated with pigmentation is present. A variety of topical treatments targeting pigmentation are available with temporary improvement of mainly the epidermal components of melasma. Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a broadband light source that can target a wide range of cutaneous structures, including deeper pigmentation and vasculature. We describe 5 cases of persistent facial melasma treated with the IPL and a hydroquinone-based skin care system (Obagi Nu-Derm; Obagi Medical Products, Long Beach, CA), showing improvement of facial melasma pigmentation and vascularity.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1316-1230.
Douglas Winstanley DO, Travis Blalock MD, Nancy Houghton BS, and E. Victor Ross MD|Background: Sebaceous hyperplasia is a common benign proliferation of sebaceous glands. Multiple treatment methods have been applied in the past, including electrodessication, ablative and visible light lasers, applications of acids, and photodynamic therapy. Often, however, only the superficial component of the lesion is treated, leading to rapid recurrence. It has been shown that human fat has absorption peaks at 1,210 nm and 1,720 nm. We report the first use of a novel 1,720-nm laser in the treatment of sebaceous hyperplasia in human subjects.
Methods: Four patients with sebaceous hyperplasia underwent a test spot treatment followed by 2 full treatment sessions using the 1,720-nm laser. Photos were taken before treatment, at each treatment session, and 3 months following the last treatment. Pretreatment photographs and 3-month follow-up photographs were compared to assess efficacy.
Results: Four weeks after the final treatment, 3 dermatologists blinded to the date of the photographs and uninvolved with the study evaluated the photos and scored them based on a global assessment comprised of: 1) lesion diameter, 2) lesion height, and 3) lesion color. Many of the lesions resolved almost completely after a single treatment, and no additional treatment was required. Overall, there was a reduction in the color, diameter, and height of the lesions. Crusts were noted by all patients and resolved within 10 days.
Conclusion: The use of this novel device that exploits the intrinsic selectivity of 1,720 nm achieved nearly complete clearance of sebaceous hyperplasia lesions without depressions or scarring. Complete heating of the sebaceous gland and sparing of the surrounding skin offered by this device resulted in clinically apparent improvement with a minimum of adverse effects.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1323-1326.
Background: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel long-pulse alexandrite laser with contact cooling in the treatment of benign pigmented lesions.
Methods: Five patients were enrolled in the study. All patients presented with epidermal pigmented lesions on the arms, hands, chest, or legs. Patients were all female with a mean age of 59 years. At the initial evaluation, baseline pigment readings were determined with a pigment meter. Test spots were performed with escalating doses of alexandrite laser (ClearScan ALX, Sciton, Palo Alto, CA) deployed by a 7-mm spot equipped with a 30 mm x 30 mm scanner and a 10-ms pulse duration. Contact cooling was used, and temperature was maintained at 18°C to 20°C. Patients returned 4 to 7 days after test spots for evaluation for the purpose of optimizing settings. The highest settings that allowed for epidermal preservation and crusting of the hyperpigmented lesions were applied for the remainder of the treatment zones. Determinations of improvement were made by evaluation of photographs with standard settings using polarized and nonpolarized images. At each appointment, baseline pigment measurements were made to ensure there were no significant changes between treatment sessions. Two treatment sessions were performed approximately 4 weeks apart, and the final evaluation was 3 months after the final treatment.
Results: Evaluation by a panel of blind observers determined a mean improvement of approximately 30%. Darker lesions responded better than lighter lesions. So-called low-contrast lesions performed the poorest. Pain was approximately 2/10 with the use of 5% lidocaine numbing cream applied approximately 45 minutes before each procedure. Pain was most severe where there was underlying hair.
Conclusion: A long-pulse alexandrite laser equipped with contact cooling can achieve significant pigmentation improvement.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1327-1330.
Clinical Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of a Novel Superficial and Deep Carbon Dioxide Fractional System in the Treatment of Patients With Skin of ColorFractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatments have become a standard for treating a myriad of skin concerns. One of the biggest challenges facing us in this regard is treating the vast number of patients with skin of color who we encounter regularly in our practices. A novel superficial and deep CO2 ablative fractional device with both components coming from a single handpiece has been developed and is now being evaluated for patients with skin of color. In the 5 patients studied, side effects were not apparent and no postinflammatory hyperpigmentation was identified. This initial report suggests further evaluation is important to enhance our ablative fractional therapies.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1331-1335.
The Optimal Filler: Immediate and Long-Term Results With Emulsified Silicone(1,000 centistokes) With Cross-Linked Hyaluronic AcidBackground: Silicone is one of the oldest and longest lasting of the dermal fillers. Microdroplet silicone injections have proven to be safe and effective. This paper describes how to obtain microdroplet silicone (1,000 centistokes) in a consistent manner, including a discussion of its efficacy and safety.
Methods and Materials: A simple, permanent method of tissue augmentation is described. U.S. Food and Drug Administration- approved liquid silicone (Silikon®) is emulsified with cross-linked hyaluronic acid through a Luer-Lok to Luer-Lok connector between two 3-cc syringes. This stable emulsion is injected through a 27G needle or through a 25G or 27G microcannula into the middermis, subcutaneous tissue, or periosteum.
Results: The results of 95 cases are described. The emulsion is most beneficial for distensible acne valleys, nasolabial folds, glabellar frown lines, augmentation of the vermilion border of the lips, and projection of the nose, cheekbones, and chin. Exterior nasal deviations and soft tissue defects are also improved. Complications are minimal and include temporary bruising, erythema, and mild edema. Any temporary small nodules are easily leveled with massage. Occasionally, it takes a repeat session at 1 month to completely elevate depressions. The resulting elevations remain stable during the 2-year follow-up period. No silicone granulomas have developed.
Conclusions: This methodology has replaced many indications for temporary, semipermanent, or permanent fillers.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1336-1341.
Oxidative damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a major role in aging and carcinogenesis. Little is known about either the effects of acute ROS in necrosis and inflammation of skin or the therapeutic agents for prevention and treatment. Previously, our laboratory identified caffeine as an inhibitor of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-generated lipid peroxidation products in human skin fibroblasts. Here, we study effects of caffeine on acute ROS-mediated necrosis. Human skin fibroblasts were incubated with caffeine, followed by H2O2 challenge. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell morphology, counts, apoptosis and necrosis, and ROS. We found that caffeine protects from H2O2 cell damage at lower (0.01 mM) and intermediate (0.1 mM) doses. The beneficial effects of caffeine appear to be mediated by a mechanism other than antioxidant function.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1342-1346.
Impact of Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% Spray on Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Plaque PsoriasisPsoriasis causes significant distress and impairment in health-related quality of life (QOL) in afflicted patients. For this reason, QOL is an essential and important measure of treatment outcome in patients with the disease. Clobetasol propionate is a super-highpotent class I topical corticosteroid. The spray formulation is approved for twice-daily use for up to 4 weeks by patients 18 years and older with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Data collected from 2,236 patients enrolled in 5 clinical trials demonstrate consistent improvement in QOL measures using multiple instruments. In a randomized, double-blind trial in patients with scalp psoriasis, treatment with clobetasol propionate 0.05% spray produced significantly greater improvement in QOL compared with vehicle, as measured by the Scalpdex QOL instrument. In another randomized trial in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, clobetasol propionate 0.05% spray produced significantly greater reductions in mean affected body surface area and significantly greater improvements in QOL, as measured by the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), compared with a 0.05% foam formulation. When compared with calcipotriene/betamethasone dipropionate ointment, clobetasol propionate 0.05% spray produced greater rates of lesion clearance and similar improvement in QOL scores after 2 or 4 weeks of treatment. When clobetasol propionate 0.05% spray was used as monotherapy or as an add-on therapy for 4 weeks in a large, observational trial, approximately 80% of patients experienced consistent and significant improvement in QOL on 2 separate, validated QOL instruments (DLQI and the Koo-Menter Psoriasis Index). In conclusion, clobetasol propionate 0.05% spray is an efficacious and safe treatment for plaque psoriasis and produces significant improvement in QOL for affected patients.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1348-1354.
Botanical products, including and especially green tea leaves, have a wide range of both reputed and demonstrated health benefits and have been used medicinally for thousands of years. This paper focuses on green tea catechins, principally reviewing their known biologic properties and potential mechanisms of action (MOAs). The primary objective is to discuss the proposed antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunostimulatory activity of catechins based on strong evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies conducted to date, including two preclinical in vitro studies with sinecatechins, a proprietary mixture of catechins. This review also discusses the clinical implications of catechins for the treatment of external genital and perianal warts (EGWs) and other conditions caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). While the MOA of catechins in the treatment of EGWs and other HPV-related conditions may be related to or associated with postulated or proven antiviral and immunostimulatory activity, the precise clinical significance of the various in vitro findings remains largely unknown.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e55-e60.
The Effect of Hand-Foot Skin Reaction Associated With the Multikinase Inhibitors Sorafenib and Sunitinib on Health-Related Quality of LifeIntroduction: The multikinase inhibitors sorafenib (SO) and sunitinib (SU) have shown benefit in a wide range of solid tumors. Although these agents are generally well tolerated, they may be associated with dermatologic adverse events, particularly hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of HFSR associated with these multikinase inhibitors on patient health-related quality of life (HRQOL).
Methods: Twenty-three patients with HFSR related to SO or SU were graded using the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0 for clinical severity and for impact on HRQOL through completion of the patient self-administered Skindex-16 (SK-16). Clinical severity scores were compared to HRQOL assessments.
Results: Of the 23 patients with HFSR, clinical severity was grade 1 in 17.4%, grade 2 in 74%, and grade 3 in 8.6%. Median SK-16 scores were reported for symptoms (53.3), emotions (30.6), and functioning subscales (33.3). Median symptoms and emotions scores positively correlated with HFSR clinical severity grade.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that HFSR related to SO or SU negatively impacts HRQOL, with the symptoms domain being most significantly affected. In addition, CTCAE toxicity grading correlates with HRQOL.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e61-e65.
Comparative Study of Topical 80% Trichloroacetic Acid With 35% TrichloroaceticAcid in the Treatment of the Common Wart
Fakhrozaman Pezeshkpoor MD,a Mahnaz Banihashemi MD,a Mohammad Javad Yazdanpanah MD,a Hadis Yousefzadeh,b Mohammad Sharghi MD,c Hossein Hoseinzadehd|Background: Common warts caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) are considered to be the most common infectious skin disease. No individual treatment for common warts is effective as monotherapy in eradicating the lesions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a 35% and an 80% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) solution in the treatment of the common wart.
Methods: In this single-blinded clinical trial, 62 eligible patients with common warts referred to the dermatology clinic of Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, each treated with a TCA solution (group A, TCA 80%; group B, TCA 35%) once per week until complete clearance of the lesions or for a maximum duration of six weeks. Seven patients were excluded from the final analysis (one patient in group A and six patients in group B) for various reasons, including irregular follow-up, using physical tools such as razor blades to remove the lesion, and failure to complete treatment; and 55 patients were included in the final analysis.
Results: Improvement to treatment responses was classified as: no change (no changes in the number of warts), mild (clearing of less than 25% of warts), moderate (clearing of 25% to 75% of warts), and good (clearing of more than 75% of warts). At the end of follow-up, the clinical improvement of group A (n=30) was: 10 patients (33.3%) with a mild response, 6 patients (20%) with a moderate response, and 14 patients (46.7%) with a good response. In group B (n=25), 16 patients (64%) showed a mild response, 6 patients (24%) a moderate response, and 3 patients (12%) a good response. There was a statistically significant difference in improvement between the two treatment groups (P=.017). Improvement was greater with a higher concentration of TCA solution.
Conclusion: This study showed that a different concentration of TCA solution was an effective form of treatment for common warts. Trichloroacetic acid 80% is more effective, but this solution must be used only with careful consideration by a physician.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e66-e69.
Isoconazole Nitrate vs Isoconazole Nitrate and Diflucortolone Valerate in the Treatment of Tinea Inguinalis: Results of a Multicenter Retrospective StudyBackground and Objective: Many tinea inguinalis infections are characterized by pronounced inflammatory lesions and pruritus. Therefore, a therapy with a topical corticosteroid in addition to a topical antimycotic agent might be beneficial. In this multicenter, retrospective study, we compared the mycological and clinical efficacy and tolerability of isoconazole nitrate alone vs isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate in 58 adult patients with tinea inguinalis.
Patients and Methods: Treatment duration was three weeks. The efficacy of the treatment was based on the assessment of several signs and symptoms, which were collected on a 4-point scale. All patients were examined clinically before the beginning of the treatment, one week later, two weeks later, and at the end of the treatment. Mycological examinations were performed before the beginning of the treatment and at the end of the study.
Results: Treatment results with the combination of isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate were superior regarding erythema and pruritus. Both erythema and pruritus resolved in a larger percentage of patients and more quickly. Both regimens were well tolerated. Mycological cure rates were similar in both groups of patients.
Conclusions: Combination therapy with isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate is an effective and well-tolerated regimen in adult patients with tinea inguinalis.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e70-e73.
Urticaria After Methyl Aminolevulinate Photodynamic Therapy in a Patient With Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma SyndromeMethyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) is utilized in several countries for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma, but allergic sensitization has been reported by the manufacturer. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of urticaria following MAL-PDT in a patient with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. Prophylactic use of antihistamines may allow continued use of MAL-PDT in this setting.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1364-1365.
We herein report a case of psoriasis verrucosa that was successfully treated with adalimumab. A 55-year-old Japanese male had a five-year history of psoriasis vulgaris treated with topical agents. His past history included atypical psychosis treated with lithium carbonate and obesity. Despite treatment, verrucous scales developed on erythematous plaque. After treatment with adalimumab, these improved remarkably, and the patient's Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score decreased from 16.2 to 3.7.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11)e74-e75.
Resident Rounds. Part I: Program Spotlight: Virginia Commonwealth University Health System Department of Dermatology
Resident Rounds is a section of the JDD dedicated to highlighting various dermatology departments with residency training programs. Resident Rounds includes three sections: (1) a program spotlight, highlighting pertinent information about the department and residency training program; (2) a section presenting study materials used by residents at the program; and (3) a section designed to highlight recent interesting cases seen at the institution. This issue of Resident Rounds features the Virginia Commonwealth University Health System Department of Dermatology. The editor of Resident Rounds is Omar A. Ibrahimi MD PhD. He is currently the Director of Cutaneous Laser and Cosmetic Surgery and a Mohs surgeon at the University of Connecticut. Dr. Ibrahimi is also a Visiting Scientist at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School. If you are interested in highlighting your training program in a future issue, please contact Dr. Ibrahimi at OIbrahimi@jddonline.com.
Early in the course of surgical education, dermatologic and plastic surgery trainees shift from theory to practice. This shift must be done cautiously so as not to cause unnecessary damage to the patient, especially when attempting to reconstruct soft tissue defects on the face. Helical rim defects present an excellent opportunity because the postauricular region provides a safe environment for novice surgeons to practice the theoretical and manual aspects of basic flap reconstruction. This paper explains key features on how to plan basic flaps based on postauricular tissues.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11(11):1358-1360.
No abstract details for the moment.
No abstract details for the moment.
News, Views, & Reviews
The Role of RNA Interference in Dermatology: Current Perspectives and Future DirectionsNo abstract details for the moment.
Clinical Trial Review is a JDD department designed to provide physicians with information on drugs and devices undergoing clinical testing. It is our goal to inform the reader of the status of select drug and device studies relevant to the practice of dermatology before this information is available through standard channels. To participate in or learn more about these and additional trials, visit www.clinicaltrials.gov.
Pipeline Previews brings to you information on the newest drugs and medical products as they become available to the dermatologic community. This department may include additional information from the manufacturers, plus reports from physicians who wish to share their clinical experience with these new products. In addition, we will inform our readers about the latest drugs receiving Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval.